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IN A “NUTSHELL” 2.5 MILLION PEOPLE “DIE” IN AMERICA PER YEAR!!!   Leave a comment

National Vital Statistics Report

February 16, 2016
Deaths: Final Data for 2013

Objectives—This report presents final 2013 data on U.S. deaths, death rates, life expectancy, infant mortality, and trends, by selected characteristics such as age, sex, Hispanic origin, race, state of residence, and cause of death. Methods—Information reported on death certificates, which are completed by funeral directors, attending physicians, medical examiners, and coroners, is presented in descriptive tabulations. The original records are filed in state registration offices. Statistical information is compiled in a national database through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics. Causes of death are processed in accordance with the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision. Results—In 2013, a total of 2,596,993 deaths were reported in the United States. The age-adjusted death rate was 731.9 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population, a record low figure, but the decrease in 2013 from 2012 was not statistically significant. Life expectancy at birth was 78.8 years, the same as in 2012. Age-specific death rates decreased in 2013 from 2012 for age groups 15–24 and 75–84. Age-specific death rates increased only for age group 55–64. The 15 leading causes of death in 2013 remained the same as in 2012, although Accidents (unintentional injuries), the 5th leading cause of death in 2012, became the 4th leading cause in 2013, while Cerebrovascular diseases (stroke), the 4th leading cause in 2012, became the 5th leading cause of death in 2013. The infant mortality rate of 5.96 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2013 was a historically low value, but it was not significantly different from the 2012 rate. Conclusions—Although statistically unchanged from 2012, the decline in the age-adjusted death rate is consistent with long-term trends in mortality. Life expectancy in 2013 remained the same as in 2012. Keywords: mortality • cause of death • life expectancy • vital
statistics

Highlights
Mortality experience in 2013
• In 2013, a total of 2,596,993 resident deaths were registered in the United States. • The age-adjusted death rate, which accounts for the aging of the population, was 731.9 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population. • Life expectancy at birth was 78.8 years. • The 15 leading causes of death in 2013 were: 1. Diseases of heart (heart disease) 2. Malignant neoplasms (cancer) 3. Chronic lower respiratory diseases 4. Accidents (unintentional injuries) 5. Cerebrovascular diseases (stroke) 6. Alzheimer’s disease 7. Diabetes mellitus (diabetes) 8. Influenza and pneumonia 9. Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis (kidney disease) 10. Intentional self-harm (suicide) 11. Septicemia 12. Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis 13. Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease (hypertension) 14. Parkinson’s disease 15. Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids • In 2013, the infant mortality rate was 5.96 infant deaths per 1,000 live births. • The 10 leading causes of infant death were: 1. Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (congenital malformations) 2. Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, not elsewhere classified (low birth weight)
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for Health Statistics
National Vital Statistics System

2 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 64 No. 2, February 16, 2016
3. Newborn affected by maternal complications of pregnancy (maternal complications) 4. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) 5. Accidents (unintentional injuries) 6. Newborn affected by complications of placenta, cord and membranes (cord and placental complications) 7. Bacterial sepsis of newborn 8. Respiratory distress of newborn 9. Diseases of the circulatory system 10. Neonatal hemorrhage
Trends • The age-adjusted death rate declined to a record low in 2013, although the decrease from 2012 to 2013 was not significant. • Life expectancy for the total population was 78.8 years in 2013, the same as in 2012. • Life expectancy did not change for any of the major race and ethnicity populations from 2012 to 2013. • Life expectancy for females was 4.8 years higher than for males. The difference in life expectancy between the sexes has narrowed since 1979, when it was 7.8 years, but it has remained at 4.8 years since 2010. • The 15 leading causes of death were the same in 2013 as they were in 2012, although unintentional injuries and stroke exchanged positions in the ranking. • Age-adjusted death rates decreased significantly in 2013 from 2012 for 4 of the 15 leading causes of death and increased for 6 of the 15 leading causes. • Rates for the two leading causes—heart disease and cancer— continued their long-term decreasing trends. Significant decreases also occurred for stroke and Alzheimer’s disease. Significant increases occurred in 2013 from 2012 for Chronic lower respiratory diseases, Influenza and pneumonia, Septicemia, Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis, hypertension, and Parkinson’s disease. • Within external causes of injury death, unintentional poisoning was the leading mechanism of injury mortality in 2013, followed by unintentional motor vehicle traffic-related injuries. During 2002–2010, unintentional motor vehicle traffic-related injuries was the leading mechanism of injury mortality, followed by unintentional poisoning, but beginning in 2011, the number of deaths from unintentional poisoning was higher than the number from unintentional motor vehicle traffic-related injuries; see CDC’s Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) at http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html. • Differences in mortality between the non-Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white populations persisted. The age-adjusted death rate was 1.2 times greater for the non-Hispanic black population than for the non-Hispanic white population. • The differences in life expectancy among the Hispanic, nonHispanic white, and non-Hispanic black populations in 2013 were the same as in 2012. The difference in life expectancy between the non-Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white populations was 3.8 years, between the non-Hispanic black and Hispanic populations was 6.5 years, and between the non-Hispanic white and Hispanic populations was 2.7 years.
• The infant mortality rate declined 0.3% in 2013 from 2012, to a record low of 5.96 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, but the decline was not statistically significant. Introduction This report presents detailed 2013 data on deaths and death rates according to a number of demographic and medical characteristics. These data provide information on mortality patterns among residents of the United States by such variables as age, sex, Hispanic origin, race, state of residence, and cause of death. Information on these mortality patterns is key to understanding changes in the health and wellbeing of the U.S. population (1). Separate companion reports present additional details on leading causes of death and life expectancy in the United States (2,3). Mortality data in this report can be used to monitor and evaluate the health status of the United States in terms of current mortality levels and long-term mortality trends, as well as to identify segments of the U.S. population at greater risk of death from specific diseases and injuries. Differences in death rates among various demographic subpopulations, including race and ethnicity groups, may reflect subpopulation differences in factors such as socioeconomic status, access to medical care, and the prevalence of specific risk factors in a particular subpopulation. Methods Data in this report are based on information from all resident death certificates filed in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. More than 99% of deaths occurring in this country are believed to be registered (4). Tables showing data by state also provide information for Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (Northern Marianas). Cause-of-death statistics presented in this report are classified in accordance with the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD–10) (5). A discussion of the cause-of-death classification is provided in Technical Notes at the end of the report. Mortality data on specific demographic and medical characteristics cover all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Measures of mortality in this report include the number of deaths; crude, agespecific, and age-adjusted death rates; infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality rates; life expectancy; and rate ratios. Changes in death rates in 2013 compared with 2012, and differences in death rates across demographic groups in 2013, are tested for statistical significance. Unless otherwise specified, reported differences are statistically significant. Additional information on these statistical methods, random variation and relative standard error, the computation of derived statistics and rates, population denominators, and the definition of terms is presented in Technical Notes. The populations used to calculate death rates shown in this report for 1991–2013 were produced under a collaborative arrangement with the U.S. Census Bureau. Populations for 2010–2013 and the intercensal period 2001–2009 are consistent with the 2010 census (6–10). Reflecting the latest guidelines issued in 1997 by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), the 2000 and 2010 censuses included an option for persons to report more than one race as appropriate for themselves and household members (11); see Technical Notes for
3 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 64 No. 2, February 16, 2016
detailed information on the 2013 multiple-race reporting area and methods used to bridge responses for those who report more than one race. Beginning with deaths occurring in 2003, some states allowed for multiple-race reporting on the death certificate. Multiple-race data for these states are bridged to single-race categories; see Technical Notes. Once all states are collecting data on race according to the 1997 OMB guidelines, use of the bridged-race algorithm is expected to be discontinued. The population data used to compile death rates by race in this report are based on special estimation procedures and are not true counts (see Technical Notes, ‘‘Race and Hispanic origin’’). This is the case even for the 2000 and 2010 populations. The estimation procedures used to develop these populations contain some error. Smaller population groups are affected much more than larger population groups (12). Data presented in this report and other mortality tabulations are available from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) website, http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/deaths.htm. Availability of mortality microdata is described in Technical Notes.
Results and Discussion
Deaths and death rates In 2013, a total of 2,596,993 resident deaths were registered in the United States—53,714 more deaths than in 2012. The crude death rate for 2013 (821.5 deaths per 100,000 population) was 1.4% higher than the 2012 rate (810.2) (Tables A, 1, 3, 4, 14, and 15). The age-adjusted death rate in 2013 was 731.9 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population—a record low value, although it was notsignificantlydifferentfrom2012(Table 1).Age-adjusteddeathrates are constructs that show what the level of mortality would be if no changes occurred in the age composition of the population from year to year. (For a discussion of age-adjusted death rates, see Technical Notes.) Thus, age-adjusted death rates are better indicators than unadjusted (crude) death rates for examining changes in the risk of death over a period of time when the age distribution of the population is changing. Age-adjusted death rates also are better indicators of relative risk when comparing mortality across geographic areas or between sex or race subgroups of the population that have different age distributions; see Technical Notes. Since 1980, the age-adjusted death rate has decreased significantly every year except 1983, 1985, 1988, 1993, 1999, 2005, 2008, and 2013 (Figure 1 and Table 1). Race—In 2013, age-adjusted death rates for the major race groups (Table 1) were: • White population: 731.0 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population • Black population: 860.8 In 2013, the age-adjusted death rate for the black population was 1.2 times that for the white population (Table B). The average risk of death for the black population was 17.8% higher than for the white population (Table 1). From 1960 through 1982, rates for the black and white populations declined by similar percentages (22.6% and 26.5%, respectively). From 1983 through 1988, rates diverged,
increasing 3.5% for the black population and decreasing 2.0% for the white population. The disparity in age-adjusted death rates between the black and white populations was greatest from 1988 through 1996 (1.4 times greater for the black population). Since 1996, the disparity between the two populations has narrowed, as the age-adjusted rate for the black population declined 27.0% while the rate for the white population declined 15.9% (Table 1 and Figure 2). In 2013, age-adjusted death rates did not change significantly for major race and sex groups compared with 2012 (Tables A and 1). In general, age-adjusted death rates declined from 1980 through 2013 for white males and females and for black males and females. The rate decreased an average of 1.3% per year for white males, 0.7% for white females, 1.4% for black males, and 1.1% for black females during 1980–2013 (Table 1). Rates for the American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN) and Asian or Pacific Islander (API) populations should be interpreted with caution because of reporting problems regarding correct identification of race on both the death certificate and in population censuses and surveys (13). Counts of deaths for the AIAN population are substantially underreported (by about 30%) on the death certificate relative to selfreporting while alive (13). Thus, the age-adjusted death rates that are shown for the AIAN population (e.g., Tables 1 and 16) do not lend themselves to valid comparisons against other races. Year-to-year trends for the AIAN population present valid insight into changes in mortality affecting this group, if it is reasonable to assume that the level of underreporting of AIAN deaths has remained more or less constant over past years (13). The age-adjusted death rate for the AIAN population fluctuated from 1980 through 1999, peaking in 1993 at 796.4 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population (Table 1). Since 1999, the rate has trended downward, declining 24.2% from 1999 to 2013. The rate for the AIAN population decreased 0.6% from 2012 (595.3) to 2013 (591.7), although the change was not significant (Table A). In 2013, the age-adjusted death rate for the API population was 405.4 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population. The level of underreporting of deaths for the API population (about 7%) is not as high as for the AIAN population (13), but this underreporting still creates enough of a challenge that any comparisons of this population with other races must be interpreted with caution. The age-adjusted death rate for the API population peaked at 586.5 in 1985. The rate fluctuated from 1985 through 1993 before starting a persistent downward trend, decreasing 28.3% from 1993 to 2013 (Table 1). Hispanic origin—Problems of race and Hispanic-origin reporting affect Hispanic death rates and the comparison of rates for the Hispanic and non-Hispanic populations; see Technical Notes. Mortality for Hispanics is somewhat understated because of net underreporting of Hispanic origin on the death certificate (by an estimated 5%), while the non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black populations are not affected by problems of underreporting (13,14); see Technical Notes. Underreporting of Hispanic origin on the death certificate is relatively stable across age groups (13). The age-adjusted death rate in 2013 was 535.4 for the Hispanic population, 747.1 for the non-Hispanic white population, and 885.2 for
4 National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 64 No. 2, February 16, 2016
Table A. Percentage change in death rates and age-adjusted death rates in 2013 from 2012, by age, race, and sex: United States [

Posted August 9, 2017 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

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STATIONARY ENGINEER? MORE SCHOOLING THEN A BRAIN SURGEON!!!! OMG!!!   Leave a comment

 

make it a very special place for students, faculty and staff.

Berkeley is committed to hiring and developing staff who want to work in a high performing culture that supports the outstanding work of our faculty and students. In deciding whether to apply for a staff position at Berkeley, candidates are strongly encouraged to consider the alignment of the Berkeley Workplace Culture with their potential for success at http://jobs.berkeley.edu/why-berkeley.html.

Application Review Date

The First Review Date for this job is: August 3, 2017.

Departmental Overview

Residential and Student Service Programs (RSSP) is part of the Division of Student Affairs under the direction of the Associate Vice Chancellor of RSSP. RSSP provides student housing, residential life programs, self-operated dining services for undergraduate and graduate students and their families, and child care services for students, faculty, and staff; it also conducts a year-round conference business, operates eleven campus restaurants, and manages twenty-six faculty apartments. The Central Maintenance, Design, and Minor Capital Projects units provide a comprehensive group of services to all units within RSSP. These services include performing or managing all building trades and related maintenance services, performing interior design services, space planning, renovation project planning and management services, major maintenance, minor capital planning and project management for RSSP.

Responsibilities

Working as part of the skilled trades group and within the Stationary Engineer job scope, the incumbent provides primary building systems and equipment maintenance services for all RSSP facilities operations. The incumbent also, secondarily, performs dining and commercial food service equipment maintenance and repair services for RSSP dining facilities and Campus Restaurants.

Working independently, operate, diagnose, troubleshoot, and maintain large chillers, cooling towers, heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems, high pressure steam plant, gas and oil fired hot water and steam boilers, humidifiers, gas turbines, electric generators, generator controls and switch gear and similar equipment.
Operate, diagnose, troubleshoot and maintain, pumps, compressors, heat exchangers, pressure reducing valves, and temperature change control systems, and similar equipment.
Operate, diagnose, and troubleshoot and repair computerized HVAC control systems and energy management systems.
Trouble shooting, diagnosing, maintaining, and repairing all types of specialized commercial food service and kitchen equipment including ovens, steamers, ranges, hoods, dish washing and handling equipment, and similar commercial food service equipment.
Performs maintenance, cleans, chemically treats, cooling towers, various types of chillers and boilers.
Troubleshoot, diagnose, repair refrigeration equipment control systems; troubleshoot, diagnose refrigeration equipment.
Repair pneumatic controls including thermostats and controllers.
Participates in the design or specification of assemblies, systems, equipment, and controls.
Works from drawings or prepares project drawings in detail showing measurements, materials, other required information using information from building blueprints, verbal instructions, and other information.
Perform planned and emergency maintenance, inspections, test operations, troubleshooting and documentation of work performed.
Responds to emergencies, work-on-call, rotating swing shift and holidays.
Executes all job assignments in a timely manner.
Acknowledges that all work is subject to inspection while in progress and upon completion.
Accountable for his or her own actions within work spaces of the University and Campus facilities.
As required, coordinates the work of other crafts.
As required, handles hazardous waste and will be responsible to safely handle, properly contain and label, and follow appropriate emergency procedures as they relate to hazardous waste materials.
Performs basic mathematical calculations related to performing projects.
Performs other duties as assigned.

Administrative/Technical

Coordinates with project managers and building inspectors.
Keep up-to-date, accurate, comprehensive project records including plans, specifications, submittals, schedules, requests, changes, approvals, and costs.
Consults lead/supervisor/or project managers and superintendents who administer requirements and standards for projects and/or modification of projects.
Supports maintenance projects and programmatic work assignments.
Uses information to track job status, job completion. Has the ability to prioritize requirements to optimize customer service.
Completes paperwork in a neat, accurate and timely manner.
Defines and describes materials, tools and/or equipment, work methods and task sequences.
Serves as liaison with clients, relaying their needs and requirements to the appropriate department or superintendent.
Works and supports shutdowns and project schedules to minimize interference with others.
Orders, procures materials and equipment; maintains records.
Understand and applies knowledge of relevant building codes and regulations.
Communicates clearly over the telephone and two-way radio.
Attends safety, technical and general meetings.

Safety And Health Awareness/Responsibilities

Performs all work in conformance with EH&S health and safety policies, OSHA and other applicable federal, state and local fire, health, safety, emergency-preparedness, pollution-prevention policies, RSSP policies and procedures and University of California’s policies and procedures, including IIPP (Safety and Health Procedures), Hazardous Materials Communications Program, Health and Safety Manual, as well as any other document authorized by the RSSP management to have bearing on employee safety and conduct.
Aware of potential hazardous operations, and takes appropriate precautions.
Immediately stops work in the event of danger to people or property.
Proceeds with work only after ensuring that appropriate safety procedures have been implemented.
Reports all accidents and/or incidents immediately to supervisor for record keeping.

Interpersonal Relations

Utilizes good judgment in interpersonal communications in situations requiring sensitivity and tact. Treats customers, co-workers, supervisors and managers with respect and courtesy.
Works in a cooperative manner with co-workers and promotes a cooperative team environment.
Has a good working relationship with a complete understanding of the roles of students, faculty, staff and other RSSP employees as clients.
Demonstrates at all times good communication skills with campus community, including students, building managers, faculty, and craft personnel.
Interacts directly with all levels of clients throughout the division in defining project requirements.
Responds to requests for service in a timely manner.
Supports and achieves organizational goals established to maintain and enhance customer satisfaction.
Reports progress or delays and refers major problems to lead or superintendent for resolution and informs customers as needed.

Required Qualifications

Successful completion of four year apprenticeship or equivalent work experience and demonstrated six years journey-level experience in the trade. Three years experience in the Stationary Engineer’s field and working knowledge of local, state, national, fire, mechanical, steamfitter codes and standards.
Experience in working independently performing troubleshooting, maintenance and operation of large chillers, heating systems, and boilers.
Thorough understanding of the operation, maintenance, troubleshooting and repair of pumps, compressors, heat exchangers, pressure reducing valves, control systems, thermostats, controllers and the ability to perform repairs within industry standard labor times for these operations.
Demonstrated experience in reading and interpreting blueprints, drawings.
Demonstrated experience in preparing drawings in detail showing measurements and materials with information obtained from blueprints and verbal instructions.
Thorough understanding of materials, equipment, their characteristics and applications as used in performing stationary engineer’s work.
Thorough knowledge of all hand and power tools used in stationary engineer’s work, their proper application and operation.
Experience in using computerized energy management systems or similar computer control systems.
Fitted with a respirator and perform work properly using a respirator as required.
As required, provide direction to semi-skilled or unskilled assistants
Performs accurate material take-offs for projects, plans projects including material and equipment requirements, staffing needs, and estimate time required for completion.
Able to work safely at heights; able to gain access to work in small/tight areas and be able to gain access to work or maneuver around obstacles that requires stairs and ladders, able to safely maneuver supplies and objects up to 75 lbs; sets up and uses scaffolding and/or ladders to perform tasks above ground level.
Available for holidays, weekends, weekend on call-procedures, emergencies and shift work.
Reads information from equipment manufacturers’ manuals, service request, layout sketches, blueprints, appropriate state and local government codes, trade-specific manuals and practices, and to determine how the material or equipment should perform.
Understands preventive maintenance and its role in a comprehensive maintenance program. Assists with the development of and performs preventive maintenance work as directed.

Preferred Qualifications

Experience in performing building systems and equipment maintenance and repair in a large, institutional environment.

Salary & Benefits

Hourly Salary: $34.36

For information on the comprehensive benefits package offered by the University visit:

http://ucnet.universityofcalifornia.edu/compensation-and-benefits/index.html

How to Apply

Please submit your cover letter and resume as a single attachment when applying.

Driving Required

A valid driver’s license and DMV check for driving record is required.

Physical Exam

Employment is contingent upon passing a physical exam.

Conviction History Background

This is a designated position requiring fingerprinting and a background check due to the nature of the job responsibilities. Berkeley does hire people with conviction histories and reviews information received in the context of the job responsibilities. The University reserves the right to make employment contingent upon successful completion of the background check.

Posted July 23, 2017 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

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DO YOU HAVE THE Mineral RIGHT’S?? YOU BETTER CHECK!!!   Leave a comment

 

As a property owner, if someone told you they were going to start drilling for oil on your land, you’d probably try to kick them off as a trespasser. But wait! Unless you also own the minerals under your land, that someone might have every right to start drilling.

In the United States, mineral rights can be sold or conveyed separately from property rights. As a result, owning a piece of land does not necessarily mean you also own the rights to the minerals beneath it. If you didn’t know this, you’re not alone. Many property owners do not understand mineral rights.
This article will discuss what mineral rights are, how they can be conveyed separately from the land they lie beneath, and whether you should worry about someone else owning the mineral rights under your property.

 

 

A mineral owner has the right to extract and use minerals found beneath the surface of a particular piece of land. What minerals are included depends on the terms of the specific conveyance (the document within which someone bought or sold the rights). The conveyance might include all the minerals under the land, or be limited to specified minerals.
The most commonly extracted minerals these days are natural gas, oil, and coal (although a mineral owner might also own and extract gold, silver, or other minerals). Occasionally, a mineral rights transfer also includes surface rights. If so, the mineral owner also has the right to extract minerals on the surface of the land, such as clay or gravel.

Mineral rights are automatically included as a part of the land in a property conveyance, unless and until the ownership gets separated at some point by an owner/seller. An owner can separate the mineral rights from his or her land by:
Conveying (selling or otherwise transferring) the land but retaining the mineral rights. (This is accomplished by including a statement in the deed conveying the land that reserves all rights to the minerals to the seller.)
Conveying the mineral rights and retaining the land. (In this case, the seller will issue a separate mineral deed to the purchaser of the mineral rights.)
Conveying the land to one person and the mineral rights to another.

Since a seller can convey only property that he or she owns, each sale of the land after the minerals are separated automatically includes only the land. Deeds to the land made after the first separation of the minerals will not refer to the fact that the mineral rights are not included.
This means that in most cases, you cannot determine whether you own the rights to the minerals under your land just by looking at your deed. Owners are sometimes surprised to find out someone else owns the rights to the minerals under their land.

It is typically a costly process to find out whether someone other than the landowner owns the mineral rights. And perhaps you don’t really need to find out. After all, removing underground minerals tends to involve great expense, so a mineral owner probably won’t find it worthwhile to remove the minerals unless they are valuable and abundant.
For example, if you live in an area that has not historically seen any oil or natural gas drilling, coal mining, or other mineral extractions, it’s not likely that there are many valuable minerals under your land that a mineral owner would bother to remove. It’s even likely that the mineral ownership on your land has not been separated, and that if you own the land, you own the minerals.
Additionally, U.S. laws regulating mining and mineral rights typically prohibit the mineral owner from damaging, or interfering with the use of any homes or other improvements on the land when extracting minerals. As a result, mineral owners do not typically attempt mineral extraction in highly populated areas. This means that if you live in a city, or an area with many houses on small plots of land, you probably won’t need to worry about whether or not you own the minerals under you.

READ!!!

In areas where mineral exploitation is common, whether or not you own the minerals  under your land might be a real concern. For example, if your property is in an area where oil rigs are an everyday sight, where natural gas drilling is prevalent, or where coal mining operations exist, if you don’t own the minerals under your land, the mineral owner might come calling.

A mineral owner’s rights typically include the right to use the surface of the land to access and mine the minerals owned. This might mean the mineral owner has the right to drill an oil or natural gas well, or excavate a mine on your property. The mineral owner is also commonly allowed to build roadways or other improvements necessary to facilitate the mineral extraction.
Sometimes the terms of the conveyance of the mineral rights restrict the mineral owner’s rights. For example, a mineral deed might put a time limit on how long drilling can continue, or restrict excavation to a certain depth. Additionally, to protect the land owner and the environment, state and local laws regulating mining and drilling typically contain restrictions on mineral extraction activities.

DO THIS!! The First Day!!

If a mineral owner contacts you about removing the minerals under your land, your first step should be to contact a lawyer in your area experienced in mineral law. The attorney can help you wade through this complex area of law and determine who really owns the minerals under your land (an arduous process of tracing deeds back to the original mineral reservation or conveyance). A number of owners might even own the rights to different minerals. Additionally, sometimes mineral royalties (the right to profit from the minerals) are conveyed separately from the mineral ownership rights.
If the person claiming mineral ownership has a valid ownership right, you might not be able to prevent him or her from removing the minerals. You can, however, talk with the attorney about how to minimize the removal operations’ impact on you and your land. At a minimum, the attorney can take steps to ensure that the mineral owner complies with any and all restrictions and regulations governing the mineral extraction and clean-up process.

 

Posted July 23, 2017 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

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Property Taxes: Legally being applied, or not? “NO”   Leave a comment

 

Property Taxes: Legally being applied, or not?
The issue of real and personal property taxation is long overdue to be challenged. The premise is that for a personal property tax on a free sovereign, private individual to be legal, it must be Constitutional, and applied as the Constitution regulates it. Any other means makes the tax void in law.
All citizens have the right to know why they are being taxed, and to know that it is a legal taxation which represents their interests. Paying taxes without knowing the law and your rights makes you nothing more than a slave.
How many people do you know of or have heard about that have lost their property… home or land, because of not paying property taxes? It occurs across the country on a daily basis. This is not only immoral and unethical, it is criminal and a violation of a person’s civil rights. WHY?
Most every sale of property occurs without ANY Due Process… that is, there has been no court hearing, no judgment, no adjudication of all facts, and no consideration given for the actual laws regarding the tax in the first place. That is where this information come in. You now have a means to not only challenge your property taxes, but to have any lost property returned to you via the courts for violation of your rights and the law, to include damages.
NOTICE:
It is a crime for any government office or any official to auction or otherwise sell in any way, private or business property of any individual WITHOUT FIRST HAVING DUE PROCESS OF LAW, to determine the cause of action and the recourse in law. The sale of any property outside this means is illegal, and all those involved with such a sale, including those purchasing said property, are personally liable for damages, and subject to criminal charges under Racketeering (RICO) laws, and for violation of civil and Due Process rights. All government officials have the “Greater Duty” to know the law and comply with it, and if you are involved with such an auction without Due Process for the owner, you are in breach of your fiduciary duty and you can be held personally liable by those harmed by this fraud. Any challenge to property taxation or property sale made by any citizen requires you to respond, point by point, and to “prove up” your position in law.
For you to understand WHY property taxes as applied are unconstitutional, you need the facts of law. The following Property Tax Challenge Document provides you the laws you need to understand and use to make your case. Be sure to read it through completely. Use it to request from your assessor, the actual authority they have to tax your personal property as they are. Customize it to your personal and state situation, have it Notarized, and send it certified mail, return receipt requested. If they refuse to answer it within 30 days, stop paying your property taxes and use the document as your evidence of good faith efforts to receive proof of the laws. It is also good to CC your State Attorney General, and your Senator and Congressmen, your County Commissioners and perhaps the sheriff. This places them on NOTICE as well, and can be used as more proof of your “good faith” efforts to determine your true liability for property taxes. Keep in mind that you will most likely have to defend yourself against their likely criminal response, but you can do it with this material. If you must, pay the taxes, but be sure to do so with a statement on the check or certified money order to the affect: “Paid under duress and coercion.”
You can also use a form of this to challenge taxes paid on an old piece of property since fraud has no statute of limitations, and damages can be recouped for this fraud. Simply change the verbiage to be asking about past taxes you paid… DON’T TAKE THIS FRAUD LYING DOWN!!!
If you are unsure about this, have your attorney review this document and the laws it references. If he cannot refute the premise, showing the laws and facts that support their position, how can a city government do so? If the attorney tries to refute it, please forward the response to us and we will provide rebuttal and further proof for you and them.
Business Property Taxes:
If you have a business that is “incorporated,” you fall under possible tax liability because to incorporate is to seek a “privilege” from the government and that privilege CAN be taxed… BUT IT MUST BE TAXED ACCORDING TO THE CONSTITUTIONAL FORMS OF TAXATION, WHICH IT NEVER IS. You can use a form of the above document to challenge these taxes as well because they do not fall under legal forms of taxes.
If you have a private business, sole proprietor or other form of private business, you are NOT subject to personal property taxes as the Constitution and laws declare. Challenging these taxes is the first step in freeing yourself from the tyranny and corruption of lawless government and officials, however well-meaning they may be. Ignorance of the law is no excuse. By requesting this information from your city officials, you are not only making sure that you are paying what you legally owe, but you are placing your government officials “ON NOTICE” that this activity could well be illegal and this requires that they personally respond, and investigate or bring to the attention of their superiors, the issue. They have the “Greater Duty” to know the law and comply with it, or they are in breach of their fiduciary duty and can be held personally liable.
This is the first step to take to challenge your property taxes. If the assessor does NOT respond, we will have the next step to take which will be a lawsuit, which is easy to file and you do NOT need an attorney for. In fact, as you begin to learn more about the actual laws and Constitution, you can easily represent yourself in most any case you have to deal with, whether bringing suit, or defending yourself. Seminars will be available in the near future to teach this.
By the way, the same legal argument exists for Income Taxes. Research this as well. You will be amazed and angered at how we have been, and are being, deceived and defrauded by government.
Legal Disclaimer

Posted July 23, 2017 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

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“MONEY HAWK’S IN AMERICA SOME DO GET CAUGHT!!!!   Leave a comment

Below you will see two group’s, one is CEO stealing money from there employee’s and the other CEO making 500,000 to 1 million dollar a year to

do service for the poor and homeless.  Some get caught, most don’t, it is a shame in America, where we are strong and can find work and support

our family’s that we have poor, and homeless, in the past 8yr homeless has tripled to a new high, and there are 33% of American’s on food stamp’s

this is higher the 1929 Depression  (DEARB GOD) “HOW CAN WE DO THIS?”

MAYBE IF E LOOK AT THE CEO’S OF AMERICA WE CAN SEE WHAT IS REALLY GOING ON !!!

 

 

 

Top 10 CEOs in Prison: Why’d They Do It?
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Last Updated Jun 15, 2010 1:31 PM EDT
What do Jeff Skilling, Bernie Ebbers, Dennis Kozlowski, John Rigas, Sanjay Kumar, Walter Forbes, Joe Nacchio, Richard Scrushy, Sam Waksal, and Martin Grass all have in common? They were all CEOs of prominent public companies, convicted of big-time corporate fraud and sentenced to lengthy prison terms.
They were all also fabulously wealthy when they committed their crimes. Nevertheless, they risked their careers, families, reputation, wealth, power, everything. And for what? You’ve got to wonder, what motivates rich, high-powered CEOs to unnecessarily risk it all against all logic and ethical principals?
Perhaps their brain circuitry is somehow hard-wired for exceptional success followed by devastating disaster. Or maybe it’s just probability? Maybe x percent of highly successful, super-wealthy CEOs of big companies will turn out to be dysfunctional crooks. Not buying those explanations? Me neither. Let’s see if we can figure out …
What Motivates Rich, Powerful CEOs to Commit Fraud?
Greed. Corporate America is often characterized as the land of greed; why shouldn’t the folks at the top be the greediest of all? Actually, these CEOs risked way more wealth than they stood to gain by their fraudulent actions. I don’t think any amount of money or power would have fulfilled the needs that made them commit these acts.
Arrogance. Sam Waksal of ImClone described himself as arrogant in an interview after his conviction. Perhaps all that power and money makes CEOs feel invincible, untouchable, above the law. And maybe they got caught because, on some level, they knew what they were doing was wrong and wanted to be punished for it. Hmm.
Evil. Well, evil is sort of a philosophical concept. In this context, perhaps it describes the effect the CEO’s actions had on shareholders and employees, but I don’t think it actually describes their behavior. I mean, they didn’t torture little puppies or murder anybody.
Stupidity. Maybe they’re just plain stupid. No, I don’t think so. Most of these people didn’t just fall off the turnip truck. Look at Computer Associates, Enron, ImClone, Qwest, Tyco, WorldCom. These CEOs built huge, successful companies. I don’t buy that any of them were anything but brilliant businessmen.
Personality Disorder. Delusional, narcissistic psychopaths, call them what you want, it sounds like a no-brainer to me. I mean, most of these folks maintained their innocence to the end. That implies compartmentalization so they didn’t actually feel empathy for those affected by their actions. Denial is a powerful thing. Sure sounds like a behavioral disorder to me. Anyway, there’s no denying that each of these men functioned, and functioned exceptionally, until their issues caught up with them.
So, if it’s a behavioral disorder, that sort of begs the biggest question of all: Can you somehow identify these people before they actually commit the crime? Any thoughts on that?
In any case, here are my Top 10 CEOs in Prison:
Jeff Skilling, former CEO of Enron
Serving 24 years for fraud, insider trading, and other crimes related to the collapse of Enron
Bernie Ebbers, former CEO of WorldCom
Serving 25 years for accounting fraud that cost investors over $100 billion
Dennis Kozlowski, former CEO of Tyco Serving 8 to 25 years for stealing $134 million from Tyco
John Rigas, former CEO of Adelphia Communications Serving 25 years for bank, wire, and securities fraud related to the demise of Adelphia
Sanjay Kumar, former CEO of Computer Associates Serving 12 years for obstruction of justice and securities fraud
Walter Forbes, former CEO of Cendant Serving 12 years for fraud
Richard Scrushy, former CEO of HealthSouth Serving 7 years for bribery and mail fraud
Joseph Nacchio, former CEO of Qwest Communications
Serving 6 years for insider trading
Sam Waksal, former CEO of ImClone Served 7 years for securities fraud (released last year)
Martin Grass, former CEO of Rite Aid Served 6 years for fraud and obstruction (just released this year)

Former United Way Chief Guilty In Theft of More Than $600,000
ALEXANDRIA, Va., April 3— A Federal jury today found William Aramony, the former president of United Way of America, guilty of stealing more than $600,000 from the charity and using the money to pay for vacations, luxury apartments and other benefits for himself and his teen-age girlfriend.
The case has been an embarrassment both to the independent United Way organizations and to the charitable sector generally. United Way is one of the country’s biggest charities, raising more than $3 billion through payroll checkoff plans. United Way of America, which Mr. Aramony headed for 22 years, provided the local, independent fund-raising drives with marketing, training and other services.
Elaine Chao, who replaced Mr. Aramony as the president of United Way of America in 1992, said she and her board were gratified by the conviction. “We are glad to have this chapter behind us,” she said. “We’re focused on the future.”
Mr. Aramony faces the possibility of hundreds of thousands of dollars of fines, and a prison term. His lawyer, William Moffitt, said he would appeal the verdict.
Randy I. Bellows, the Assistant United States Attorney who prosecuted the case, said the guilty verdict demonstrated that “when an individual abuses the trust placed in him, society won’t tolerate it.”
“This verdict sends a message to anybody charged with the responsibility for protecting a charity that they will be held accountable,” he said.
The jury’s decision, in the Federal District Court for Eastern Virginia, came in the fifth week of the trial after an unexpectedly long seven days of deliberation. One juror, Alan Hannen, a driver for United Parcel Service, said the jurors had been shocked that no defense witnesses had been presented and felt “even more obligated to go through the paperwork,” as a result.
Mr. Hannen said a good deal of the jury’s time was spent figuring out how to go through the voluminous documents. The prosecution presented nearly 1,000 pieces of evidence, and the defense added several hundred more.
To speed the trial along in a court known as a “rocket docket” the judge was liberal in allowing evidence to be entered but did not allow time to be spent in describing the documents. They should speak for themselves, he said.
Mr. Hannen said the jurors had largely ignored Mr. Aramony’s history of womanizing, but he said the biggest thing on his mind as the jury deliberated was “all the money that went to Lori Villasor,” Mr. Aramony’s young girlfriend, although she did little or no work.
Mr. Moffitt asserted that no one had won a complete victory in the case. He noted that the judge had cut the charges to 46 from 71 before sending the case to the jury.
“We got scarred a little bit, but the Government got scarred a little bit, too,” Mr. Moffitt said.
Mr. Aramony, 67, appeared relaxed and chipper through the trial. He was convicted of 25 of 27 counts of conspiracy, mail and wire fraud, the filing of false income tax returns and transactions involving criminally derived property. He declined to comment.
The jury also found two of Mr. Aramony’s former aides, Thomas J. Merlo, 64, and Stephen J. Paulachak, 49, who had both served as chief financial officer of United Way of America, guilty of diverting charitable funds. It found Mr. Merlo guilty of 17 of 18 counts of conspiracy, fraud and filing of false tax returns, and Mr. Paulachak of 8 of 12 counts.
But the jury said a for-profit spinoff from United Way of America, Partnership Umbrella Inc., which the Government said the men had used as a vehicle for diverting charitable funds, was not guilty of conspiracy to commit tax fraud.
Judge Claude M. Hilton set sentencing for June 14. The maximum possible term for any single count in the case is 10 years.
While the scandal left the people who head charities uneasy, most suggested that Mr. Aramony’s case was an aberration. Many also believe that the oversight of the nonprofit sector could be strengthened. There has been growing attention to the performance of directors and whether they have the skills and time to oversee the nonprofits they are responsible for.
“This case is a lesson to all boards that no matter how much they trust the executive director and have confidence in him or her, they really must perform the oversight function and exercise due diligence,” said Eleanor Brilliant, a professor at the Rutgers University School of Social Work and author of a book about United Way. “The issue of the board’s role has been raised but not fully addressed.”
The governors of United Way of America, who included chief executives of blue chip companies like I.B.M., AT&T and Sears, were portrayed by the Government as victims in this case. The defense, however, suggested that it was they who had slipped up.
They knew exactly what Mr. Aramony was doing, but knew they would have trouble finding another leader as dynamic as he was, Mr. Moffitt said. He noted that Mr. Aramony and Ms. Villasor had stayed together in the home of one of Mr. Aramony’s directors.
As president of United Way of America from 1970 to 1992, when he resigned under pressure, Mr. Aramony had been widely considered a dynamic leader who helped to build the operation by standardizing the name and the approach and bringing valuable advertising strategies and professionalism.
At the time of his departure, United Way of America collected about $29 million in dues from the local campaigns and paid Mr. Aramony about $463,000 in salary and benefits.
When reports surfaced in 1992 that Mr. Aramony had spent money from United Way of America on vacations to London, Paris, Egypt, Las Vegas and elsewhere for himself and his young girlfriend and on apartments for their personal use in Coral Gables, Fla., and on the East Side of Manhattan, donors and volunteers expressed outrage and contributions fell.
The organization brought in Ms. Chao, pared itself down to a leaner entity and introduced stringent financial controls and ethical standards. Local United Way officials say donations are rising.
Mr. Moffitt argued that Mr. Aramony had to maintain a lavish standard of living to persuade chief executives of America’s top companies to work for United Way. He also hammered at the theme that the directors were aware of Mr. Aramony’s behavior and seemed to find it acceptable, until reports started becoming public.
Mr. Moffitt repeatedly admitted that Mr. Aramony had made mistakes in having affairs with women he employed and in “sexually harassing” them, but he said his client was not guilty of taking money meant for charity.
The jury felt otherwise.
Others outside of the courtroom found the verdict appropriate.
“Anyone who abuses the public trust and misuses contributors’ money deserves to pay a harsh penalty,” said James J. Bausch, president of the National Charities Information Bureau.

Out of 3,929 charities reviewed in Charity Navigator’s 2013 CEO Compensation Study, a whopping 78 of the CEOs mentioned reportedly earned salaries between $500,000 and $1 million. The study revealed many donors simply assume these leaders work for free or minimal pay. It’s easy to forget that these large charities are multi-million dollar operations.
Are these high-earning execs pulling a fair salary for their good works, or are their impressive salaries questionable considering the nature of their work?
Several states, including New York, New Jersey, Florida and Massachusetts, have pushed legislation to limit the salary of nonprofit CEOs who accept public funding. Florida pushed for a limit of $129,972, while Massachusetts suggested $500,000 (Forbes). New York Governor Andrew Cuomo told Forbes, “These regulations will allow the state government to identify and stop the few providers that pocket taxpayer dollars rather than use them to serve the public.”
When qualified talent is already earning less than what would be offered by a for-profit company, the issue comes down to a question of whether or not a strong corporate culture is crucial to the success of these charities. In the corporate world, a higher salary results in a greater value. While looking at CEO compensation for these charities is only one number, if their talent results in greater revenue for the organization, the level of income may be justifiable. Take a look at this list of 12 nonprofit CEOs raking in a staggering annual salary, and let us know what you think in the comments section below.

William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
Laurance Hoagland Jr., Chief Investment Officer of the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation earns a hefty salary of $2.5 million. The Hewlett Foundation has a wide range of goals—reducing global poverty, limiting the risk of climate change, advancing education, improving reproductive health rights and supporting local performing arts. (Huffington Post)
American Cancer Society
John Seffrin, CEO of American Cancer Society, earns $2.1 million, while also serving at the White House on the public health advisory group. The American Cancer Society is the world’s largest voluntary health organization fighting cancer. (Huffington Post)
Boys & Girls Club of America
Roxanne Spillett, President of Boys & Girls Clubs of America, earns $1.8 million at an organization with expenses exceeding $130 million (CNN Money). The Boys & Girls Club provides educational after-school programs for more than 4,000 chapters, serving around 4 million children. (Huffington Post)
Metropolitan Museum of Art
Emily K. Rafferty, President of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, earns nearly $1.5 million. The Met was founded in 1870 to encourage the study and application of fine arts. The Met’s yearly expenses have reached $386 million (CNN Money). (Charity Navigator)
Los Angeles Opera
Placido Domingo, General Director of the Los Angeles Opera earns $1.35 million. Domingo is an opera singer and conductor as well, performing in more than 3,600 shows. Domingo has won twelve Grammy’s and has played a role in three opera films. This charitable CEO played a voice role in Disney’s Beverly Hills Chihuahua. (Huffington Post)
The Kennedy Center for Performing Arts
Michael Kaiser, President of the JFK Center for Performing Arts in Washington D.C., earns $1.348 million. Kaiser previously worked for the Royal Opera House and was a corporate advisor before focusing on the arts, working for clients like GM and IBM. The Kennedy Center seeks the best performers from around the world, while striving to be a leader in arts education. (Huffington Post)
Metropolitan Opera Association
Peter Gelb, General Manager of the Metropolitan Opera Association in New York, earns $1.3 million. The Met Opera hosts more than 200 performances every year with some of the world’s most creative and talented artists worldwide. Gelb has had a lifelong love of the opera. He began working at the Met Opera at 17 years old as an usher. Now, as General Manager, Gelb earns $78K in benefits. The Met Opera is currently undergoing a drop in attendance and severe labor negotiations, discussing cuts of 17 percent their annual compensation (New York Observer). (Huffington Post)
Museum of Modern Art, New York
Glenn Lowry, Chief Executive of the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, earns $1.2 million. Notably, the museum raised admission costs in 2012, while the CEO still receives $318K in housing to live free of charge in a $6 million apartment in MoMA’s residential tower. (Huffington Post)
United Way Worldwide
Brian A. Gallagher, President and CEO of United Way Worldwide, earns $1.2 million. United Way was founded in 1887 to transport leaders and support to 41 countries and territories around the world. Groups promote educational and health initiatives to suffering communities. (Charity Navigator)
J. Paul Getty Trust
James Williams, Chief Investment Officer of the J. Paul Getty Trust in Los Angeles, earns $1.2 million. The Getty, one of the world’s wealthiest art institutions, is dedicated to carefully presenting and conserving the world’s artistic legacy. After cutting back on several programs and employees and raising parking costs during the recession, Williams was able to maintain his more-than-agreeable salary. (Huffington Post)
National Jewish Health
Michael Salem, President and CEO of National Jewish Health, earns a salary of just over $1 million. National Jewish Health is the leading hospital for respiratory care in the United States. (Charity Navigator)
Goodwill
Michael Miller, CEO of Goodwill, earns $856,043. Goodwill uses donations to train people for jobs who are currently unemployed. After being ridiculed by the Oregon Department of Justice for an “unreasonable” salary, Miller continues with compensation surpassing $850,000. During Miller’s time at Goodwill, he has increased revenue up to 107 percent to a record $135.5 million, while adding 1,000 jobs since 2004. The number of people served through Goodwill has increased from 11,694 to 52,170 during Miller’s leadership, perhaps proving the benefit of well-paid charity CEOs (Portland Business Journal).

Posted July 17, 2017 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

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The Walking DEAD (HOMELESS PEOPLE) PART 2   Leave a comment

WOULD  YOU RECONIZE A HOMELESS PERSON?

I THINK NOT, because you would have to STOP and look, most people of today want thing’s fast, quick, done over with, that you just don’t see a homeless person.

On a bus around Fayetteville I listen to people when they talk, and many time’s if these normal people see a homeless person on the side of the highway, it is normal for me to hear this. (OH THERE THEY ARE AGAIN BEGGING FOR MONEY FOR THERE DRUG’S) YES some do, but the ones that sit next to a building or out of the way, there more ashamed of what has happen to them, and they are trying to find away out of there problem.

There are so many that will not ask for anything, not even food.  Homeless is new to many of the homeless, and they have no idea what to do, where to go.  I had to go and ask many people where is this, what can be done, how do I do this? it is crazy, most information that I got was from homeless people, sometimes wrong, but at least they tried, most of the food bank’s think you ALREADY KNOW what to do and what there program is all about?

Some of the places, see so many homeless, that they see them all the same, not different in anyway, but I tell you there so different in so many way’s that it would make you cry, some are running away from home, some are looking for a home or family to understand them, some have a family that get’s there SSI money and throw the person that need’s the care out the door.  Some are not smart enough to get SSI, and they live on the street’s, so have a drinking problem and the family can’t deal with them, some have a drug problem and the family can’t deal with them.  Some have mental issues, that a doctor has not given the right drug to help them, some have family that don’t care one way or another.

If you see a person with a backpack walking around 90% chance there homeless, they go to the library, they go to each place that give a hot meal during the day, or walking to the shelter or day center if your town has one.

I had the chance to show some student’s what they will find when they go to a homeless person….”SHOCK” “SCARED” they will try to get out of your way..

When the “POLICE” went to the homeless camp’s, they were loaded to the hilt!!! OMG you would have thought they were going to raid a drug house!!!

These Homeless people, are just people that maybe sleep 2 to 4 hours at night, there scared and these big COP’s run up in the camp early in the morning, I “prayed’ no one will die today!!

When you see a homeless, ask “HA WHAT IS YOUR STORY”

 

ALVIN

 

Posted July 15, 2017 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

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The Walking DEAD (HOMELESS PEOPLE IN AMERICA)   Leave a comment

As the title say’s the Walking Dead, I think of the last year’s were I walked with the homeless people around Arkansas, and when I went to New York, and Georgia, South Carolina, and Denver.   I want people to see through my eyes, and maybe you will see something you never thought of or ever heard before.  This is away of saying good-by to a friend, he loved his vodka, but not always, he hated it sometimes, and could not be around people that was drinking anything, I find that to be true about homeless people, they hate where they are, but to get that next leg up, is almost impossible,  you feel a rush to find something fast, but a system that moves as slow as a snail going up hill in the winter time.  When what your fighting for does not come, you go back to what you know, and that being drug’s or drinking.  It is easier to drink or do drug’s then to live in the real time, I don’t understand this, but for the time, I listen, and hope I learn with out jumping into those thing’s.  I have heard it all, to “WELL Marijuana is not additive to it CURE’s.  Anything that makes you not know what is going on around you is not good.  We are HUMAN, and that is a hard thing to begin with, the stress of life that we have made for ourselves is overwhelming, so it easy to over look the hazard of drinking and drug’s, But as HUMAN’s we must look at what CAN. that word is a strange word, but it is so TRUE (CAN) we can be more then what we think of ourselves, build thing’s, use part’s of our mind’s that no other creature on EARTH does. When most people see homeless people they only see the outer shell, some ask WHY? I have asked the same question why? over time I found over time most were mom’s and dad’s, they were very smart, they had goal’s, they had real lives.  So to tell you, what changed! many thing’s that fast pace life will catch you, the drug’s slow everything down, the drinking will slow thing’s down and put you in a lot of trouble, Our law’s is another problem, if you have a felony of any kind, then it is hard to find work, you lose creditability.

CO-DEPENDENCY: A big word when you think about it, the origination’s that were made to help people out of a problem, has become a business, where ever a homeless person go’s there is a sign-in sheet, to prove that they have helped people. Most of them turn this in for “GRANT MONEY”” I call them Money Hawk’s” they can only give enough to keep the poor and homeless enough to stay alive today.  Some is a small bag every two week’s some are one time a month. some is just a hot meal for the day.

HOMELESS CENSES:  a BIG JOKE, they ask question so not to show light on the real problem, the question’s are made to see where some group’s can pull more money (Money Hawk’s) again.  The number’s are so wrong, if it was not so serious I would laugh, there are three times what they think there is, many find shelter at a friends home, or a barn, or a abandon building, never see a censes taker, The group that made the CENSES what’s the problem to be small.   When in fact it is to big for them to understand.

PAN-HANDLING:  IT IS TRUE THERE ARE SOME THAT PAN-HANDLE THAT ARE VERY RICH.  But there are many that are not, they don’t even have two penny’s to rub together, If you see a homeless not waving a sign, he most likely is homeless and has nothing, the ones that show off, most are just trying to make money with out working for it, the ones with a sign, I will give money to, the one with sign I will give food.

Posted July 15, 2017 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

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