Archive for the ‘Non-English Proficient In “LEARNING ENGLISH” WHY LEARN ENGLISH!!!!!!!!!!!!!! In “LEARNING ENGLISH” Posted June 22’ Tag

STATIONARY ENGINEER? MORE SCHOOLING THEN A BRAIN SURGEON!!!! OMG!!!   Leave a comment

 

make it a very special place for students, faculty and staff.

Berkeley is committed to hiring and developing staff who want to work in a high performing culture that supports the outstanding work of our faculty and students. In deciding whether to apply for a staff position at Berkeley, candidates are strongly encouraged to consider the alignment of the Berkeley Workplace Culture with their potential for success at http://jobs.berkeley.edu/why-berkeley.html.

Application Review Date

The First Review Date for this job is: August 3, 2017.

Departmental Overview

Residential and Student Service Programs (RSSP) is part of the Division of Student Affairs under the direction of the Associate Vice Chancellor of RSSP. RSSP provides student housing, residential life programs, self-operated dining services for undergraduate and graduate students and their families, and child care services for students, faculty, and staff; it also conducts a year-round conference business, operates eleven campus restaurants, and manages twenty-six faculty apartments. The Central Maintenance, Design, and Minor Capital Projects units provide a comprehensive group of services to all units within RSSP. These services include performing or managing all building trades and related maintenance services, performing interior design services, space planning, renovation project planning and management services, major maintenance, minor capital planning and project management for RSSP.

Responsibilities

Working as part of the skilled trades group and within the Stationary Engineer job scope, the incumbent provides primary building systems and equipment maintenance services for all RSSP facilities operations. The incumbent also, secondarily, performs dining and commercial food service equipment maintenance and repair services for RSSP dining facilities and Campus Restaurants.

Working independently, operate, diagnose, troubleshoot, and maintain large chillers, cooling towers, heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems, high pressure steam plant, gas and oil fired hot water and steam boilers, humidifiers, gas turbines, electric generators, generator controls and switch gear and similar equipment.
Operate, diagnose, troubleshoot and maintain, pumps, compressors, heat exchangers, pressure reducing valves, and temperature change control systems, and similar equipment.
Operate, diagnose, and troubleshoot and repair computerized HVAC control systems and energy management systems.
Trouble shooting, diagnosing, maintaining, and repairing all types of specialized commercial food service and kitchen equipment including ovens, steamers, ranges, hoods, dish washing and handling equipment, and similar commercial food service equipment.
Performs maintenance, cleans, chemically treats, cooling towers, various types of chillers and boilers.
Troubleshoot, diagnose, repair refrigeration equipment control systems; troubleshoot, diagnose refrigeration equipment.
Repair pneumatic controls including thermostats and controllers.
Participates in the design or specification of assemblies, systems, equipment, and controls.
Works from drawings or prepares project drawings in detail showing measurements, materials, other required information using information from building blueprints, verbal instructions, and other information.
Perform planned and emergency maintenance, inspections, test operations, troubleshooting and documentation of work performed.
Responds to emergencies, work-on-call, rotating swing shift and holidays.
Executes all job assignments in a timely manner.
Acknowledges that all work is subject to inspection while in progress and upon completion.
Accountable for his or her own actions within work spaces of the University and Campus facilities.
As required, coordinates the work of other crafts.
As required, handles hazardous waste and will be responsible to safely handle, properly contain and label, and follow appropriate emergency procedures as they relate to hazardous waste materials.
Performs basic mathematical calculations related to performing projects.
Performs other duties as assigned.

Administrative/Technical

Coordinates with project managers and building inspectors.
Keep up-to-date, accurate, comprehensive project records including plans, specifications, submittals, schedules, requests, changes, approvals, and costs.
Consults lead/supervisor/or project managers and superintendents who administer requirements and standards for projects and/or modification of projects.
Supports maintenance projects and programmatic work assignments.
Uses information to track job status, job completion. Has the ability to prioritize requirements to optimize customer service.
Completes paperwork in a neat, accurate and timely manner.
Defines and describes materials, tools and/or equipment, work methods and task sequences.
Serves as liaison with clients, relaying their needs and requirements to the appropriate department or superintendent.
Works and supports shutdowns and project schedules to minimize interference with others.
Orders, procures materials and equipment; maintains records.
Understand and applies knowledge of relevant building codes and regulations.
Communicates clearly over the telephone and two-way radio.
Attends safety, technical and general meetings.

Safety And Health Awareness/Responsibilities

Performs all work in conformance with EH&S health and safety policies, OSHA and other applicable federal, state and local fire, health, safety, emergency-preparedness, pollution-prevention policies, RSSP policies and procedures and University of California’s policies and procedures, including IIPP (Safety and Health Procedures), Hazardous Materials Communications Program, Health and Safety Manual, as well as any other document authorized by the RSSP management to have bearing on employee safety and conduct.
Aware of potential hazardous operations, and takes appropriate precautions.
Immediately stops work in the event of danger to people or property.
Proceeds with work only after ensuring that appropriate safety procedures have been implemented.
Reports all accidents and/or incidents immediately to supervisor for record keeping.

Interpersonal Relations

Utilizes good judgment in interpersonal communications in situations requiring sensitivity and tact. Treats customers, co-workers, supervisors and managers with respect and courtesy.
Works in a cooperative manner with co-workers and promotes a cooperative team environment.
Has a good working relationship with a complete understanding of the roles of students, faculty, staff and other RSSP employees as clients.
Demonstrates at all times good communication skills with campus community, including students, building managers, faculty, and craft personnel.
Interacts directly with all levels of clients throughout the division in defining project requirements.
Responds to requests for service in a timely manner.
Supports and achieves organizational goals established to maintain and enhance customer satisfaction.
Reports progress or delays and refers major problems to lead or superintendent for resolution and informs customers as needed.

Required Qualifications

Successful completion of four year apprenticeship or equivalent work experience and demonstrated six years journey-level experience in the trade. Three years experience in the Stationary Engineer’s field and working knowledge of local, state, national, fire, mechanical, steamfitter codes and standards.
Experience in working independently performing troubleshooting, maintenance and operation of large chillers, heating systems, and boilers.
Thorough understanding of the operation, maintenance, troubleshooting and repair of pumps, compressors, heat exchangers, pressure reducing valves, control systems, thermostats, controllers and the ability to perform repairs within industry standard labor times for these operations.
Demonstrated experience in reading and interpreting blueprints, drawings.
Demonstrated experience in preparing drawings in detail showing measurements and materials with information obtained from blueprints and verbal instructions.
Thorough understanding of materials, equipment, their characteristics and applications as used in performing stationary engineer’s work.
Thorough knowledge of all hand and power tools used in stationary engineer’s work, their proper application and operation.
Experience in using computerized energy management systems or similar computer control systems.
Fitted with a respirator and perform work properly using a respirator as required.
As required, provide direction to semi-skilled or unskilled assistants
Performs accurate material take-offs for projects, plans projects including material and equipment requirements, staffing needs, and estimate time required for completion.
Able to work safely at heights; able to gain access to work in small/tight areas and be able to gain access to work or maneuver around obstacles that requires stairs and ladders, able to safely maneuver supplies and objects up to 75 lbs; sets up and uses scaffolding and/or ladders to perform tasks above ground level.
Available for holidays, weekends, weekend on call-procedures, emergencies and shift work.
Reads information from equipment manufacturers’ manuals, service request, layout sketches, blueprints, appropriate state and local government codes, trade-specific manuals and practices, and to determine how the material or equipment should perform.
Understands preventive maintenance and its role in a comprehensive maintenance program. Assists with the development of and performs preventive maintenance work as directed.

Preferred Qualifications

Experience in performing building systems and equipment maintenance and repair in a large, institutional environment.

Salary & Benefits

Hourly Salary: $34.36

For information on the comprehensive benefits package offered by the University visit:

http://ucnet.universityofcalifornia.edu/compensation-and-benefits/index.html

How to Apply

Please submit your cover letter and resume as a single attachment when applying.

Driving Required

A valid driver’s license and DMV check for driving record is required.

Physical Exam

Employment is contingent upon passing a physical exam.

Conviction History Background

This is a designated position requiring fingerprinting and a background check due to the nature of the job responsibilities. Berkeley does hire people with conviction histories and reviews information received in the context of the job responsibilities. The University reserves the right to make employment contingent upon successful completion of the background check.

Posted July 23, 2017 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

“MONEY HAWK’S IN AMERICA SOME DO GET CAUGHT!!!!   Leave a comment

Below you will see two group’s, one is CEO stealing money from there employee’s and the other CEO making 500,000 to 1 million dollar a year to

do service for the poor and homeless.  Some get caught, most don’t, it is a shame in America, where we are strong and can find work and support

our family’s that we have poor, and homeless, in the past 8yr homeless has tripled to a new high, and there are 33% of American’s on food stamp’s

this is higher the 1929 Depression  (DEARB GOD) “HOW CAN WE DO THIS?”

MAYBE IF E LOOK AT THE CEO’S OF AMERICA WE CAN SEE WHAT IS REALLY GOING ON !!!

 

 

 

Top 10 CEOs in Prison: Why’d They Do It?
Comment Share Tweet Stumble Email
Last Updated Jun 15, 2010 1:31 PM EDT
What do Jeff Skilling, Bernie Ebbers, Dennis Kozlowski, John Rigas, Sanjay Kumar, Walter Forbes, Joe Nacchio, Richard Scrushy, Sam Waksal, and Martin Grass all have in common? They were all CEOs of prominent public companies, convicted of big-time corporate fraud and sentenced to lengthy prison terms.
They were all also fabulously wealthy when they committed their crimes. Nevertheless, they risked their careers, families, reputation, wealth, power, everything. And for what? You’ve got to wonder, what motivates rich, high-powered CEOs to unnecessarily risk it all against all logic and ethical principals?
Perhaps their brain circuitry is somehow hard-wired for exceptional success followed by devastating disaster. Or maybe it’s just probability? Maybe x percent of highly successful, super-wealthy CEOs of big companies will turn out to be dysfunctional crooks. Not buying those explanations? Me neither. Let’s see if we can figure out …
What Motivates Rich, Powerful CEOs to Commit Fraud?
Greed. Corporate America is often characterized as the land of greed; why shouldn’t the folks at the top be the greediest of all? Actually, these CEOs risked way more wealth than they stood to gain by their fraudulent actions. I don’t think any amount of money or power would have fulfilled the needs that made them commit these acts.
Arrogance. Sam Waksal of ImClone described himself as arrogant in an interview after his conviction. Perhaps all that power and money makes CEOs feel invincible, untouchable, above the law. And maybe they got caught because, on some level, they knew what they were doing was wrong and wanted to be punished for it. Hmm.
Evil. Well, evil is sort of a philosophical concept. In this context, perhaps it describes the effect the CEO’s actions had on shareholders and employees, but I don’t think it actually describes their behavior. I mean, they didn’t torture little puppies or murder anybody.
Stupidity. Maybe they’re just plain stupid. No, I don’t think so. Most of these people didn’t just fall off the turnip truck. Look at Computer Associates, Enron, ImClone, Qwest, Tyco, WorldCom. These CEOs built huge, successful companies. I don’t buy that any of them were anything but brilliant businessmen.
Personality Disorder. Delusional, narcissistic psychopaths, call them what you want, it sounds like a no-brainer to me. I mean, most of these folks maintained their innocence to the end. That implies compartmentalization so they didn’t actually feel empathy for those affected by their actions. Denial is a powerful thing. Sure sounds like a behavioral disorder to me. Anyway, there’s no denying that each of these men functioned, and functioned exceptionally, until their issues caught up with them.
So, if it’s a behavioral disorder, that sort of begs the biggest question of all: Can you somehow identify these people before they actually commit the crime? Any thoughts on that?
In any case, here are my Top 10 CEOs in Prison:
Jeff Skilling, former CEO of Enron
Serving 24 years for fraud, insider trading, and other crimes related to the collapse of Enron
Bernie Ebbers, former CEO of WorldCom
Serving 25 years for accounting fraud that cost investors over $100 billion
Dennis Kozlowski, former CEO of Tyco Serving 8 to 25 years for stealing $134 million from Tyco
John Rigas, former CEO of Adelphia Communications Serving 25 years for bank, wire, and securities fraud related to the demise of Adelphia
Sanjay Kumar, former CEO of Computer Associates Serving 12 years for obstruction of justice and securities fraud
Walter Forbes, former CEO of Cendant Serving 12 years for fraud
Richard Scrushy, former CEO of HealthSouth Serving 7 years for bribery and mail fraud
Joseph Nacchio, former CEO of Qwest Communications
Serving 6 years for insider trading
Sam Waksal, former CEO of ImClone Served 7 years for securities fraud (released last year)
Martin Grass, former CEO of Rite Aid Served 6 years for fraud and obstruction (just released this year)

Former United Way Chief Guilty In Theft of More Than $600,000
ALEXANDRIA, Va., April 3— A Federal jury today found William Aramony, the former president of United Way of America, guilty of stealing more than $600,000 from the charity and using the money to pay for vacations, luxury apartments and other benefits for himself and his teen-age girlfriend.
The case has been an embarrassment both to the independent United Way organizations and to the charitable sector generally. United Way is one of the country’s biggest charities, raising more than $3 billion through payroll checkoff plans. United Way of America, which Mr. Aramony headed for 22 years, provided the local, independent fund-raising drives with marketing, training and other services.
Elaine Chao, who replaced Mr. Aramony as the president of United Way of America in 1992, said she and her board were gratified by the conviction. “We are glad to have this chapter behind us,” she said. “We’re focused on the future.”
Mr. Aramony faces the possibility of hundreds of thousands of dollars of fines, and a prison term. His lawyer, William Moffitt, said he would appeal the verdict.
Randy I. Bellows, the Assistant United States Attorney who prosecuted the case, said the guilty verdict demonstrated that “when an individual abuses the trust placed in him, society won’t tolerate it.”
“This verdict sends a message to anybody charged with the responsibility for protecting a charity that they will be held accountable,” he said.
The jury’s decision, in the Federal District Court for Eastern Virginia, came in the fifth week of the trial after an unexpectedly long seven days of deliberation. One juror, Alan Hannen, a driver for United Parcel Service, said the jurors had been shocked that no defense witnesses had been presented and felt “even more obligated to go through the paperwork,” as a result.
Mr. Hannen said a good deal of the jury’s time was spent figuring out how to go through the voluminous documents. The prosecution presented nearly 1,000 pieces of evidence, and the defense added several hundred more.
To speed the trial along in a court known as a “rocket docket” the judge was liberal in allowing evidence to be entered but did not allow time to be spent in describing the documents. They should speak for themselves, he said.
Mr. Hannen said the jurors had largely ignored Mr. Aramony’s history of womanizing, but he said the biggest thing on his mind as the jury deliberated was “all the money that went to Lori Villasor,” Mr. Aramony’s young girlfriend, although she did little or no work.
Mr. Moffitt asserted that no one had won a complete victory in the case. He noted that the judge had cut the charges to 46 from 71 before sending the case to the jury.
“We got scarred a little bit, but the Government got scarred a little bit, too,” Mr. Moffitt said.
Mr. Aramony, 67, appeared relaxed and chipper through the trial. He was convicted of 25 of 27 counts of conspiracy, mail and wire fraud, the filing of false income tax returns and transactions involving criminally derived property. He declined to comment.
The jury also found two of Mr. Aramony’s former aides, Thomas J. Merlo, 64, and Stephen J. Paulachak, 49, who had both served as chief financial officer of United Way of America, guilty of diverting charitable funds. It found Mr. Merlo guilty of 17 of 18 counts of conspiracy, fraud and filing of false tax returns, and Mr. Paulachak of 8 of 12 counts.
But the jury said a for-profit spinoff from United Way of America, Partnership Umbrella Inc., which the Government said the men had used as a vehicle for diverting charitable funds, was not guilty of conspiracy to commit tax fraud.
Judge Claude M. Hilton set sentencing for June 14. The maximum possible term for any single count in the case is 10 years.
While the scandal left the people who head charities uneasy, most suggested that Mr. Aramony’s case was an aberration. Many also believe that the oversight of the nonprofit sector could be strengthened. There has been growing attention to the performance of directors and whether they have the skills and time to oversee the nonprofits they are responsible for.
“This case is a lesson to all boards that no matter how much they trust the executive director and have confidence in him or her, they really must perform the oversight function and exercise due diligence,” said Eleanor Brilliant, a professor at the Rutgers University School of Social Work and author of a book about United Way. “The issue of the board’s role has been raised but not fully addressed.”
The governors of United Way of America, who included chief executives of blue chip companies like I.B.M., AT&T and Sears, were portrayed by the Government as victims in this case. The defense, however, suggested that it was they who had slipped up.
They knew exactly what Mr. Aramony was doing, but knew they would have trouble finding another leader as dynamic as he was, Mr. Moffitt said. He noted that Mr. Aramony and Ms. Villasor had stayed together in the home of one of Mr. Aramony’s directors.
As president of United Way of America from 1970 to 1992, when he resigned under pressure, Mr. Aramony had been widely considered a dynamic leader who helped to build the operation by standardizing the name and the approach and bringing valuable advertising strategies and professionalism.
At the time of his departure, United Way of America collected about $29 million in dues from the local campaigns and paid Mr. Aramony about $463,000 in salary and benefits.
When reports surfaced in 1992 that Mr. Aramony had spent money from United Way of America on vacations to London, Paris, Egypt, Las Vegas and elsewhere for himself and his young girlfriend and on apartments for their personal use in Coral Gables, Fla., and on the East Side of Manhattan, donors and volunteers expressed outrage and contributions fell.
The organization brought in Ms. Chao, pared itself down to a leaner entity and introduced stringent financial controls and ethical standards. Local United Way officials say donations are rising.
Mr. Moffitt argued that Mr. Aramony had to maintain a lavish standard of living to persuade chief executives of America’s top companies to work for United Way. He also hammered at the theme that the directors were aware of Mr. Aramony’s behavior and seemed to find it acceptable, until reports started becoming public.
Mr. Moffitt repeatedly admitted that Mr. Aramony had made mistakes in having affairs with women he employed and in “sexually harassing” them, but he said his client was not guilty of taking money meant for charity.
The jury felt otherwise.
Others outside of the courtroom found the verdict appropriate.
“Anyone who abuses the public trust and misuses contributors’ money deserves to pay a harsh penalty,” said James J. Bausch, president of the National Charities Information Bureau.

Out of 3,929 charities reviewed in Charity Navigator’s 2013 CEO Compensation Study, a whopping 78 of the CEOs mentioned reportedly earned salaries between $500,000 and $1 million. The study revealed many donors simply assume these leaders work for free or minimal pay. It’s easy to forget that these large charities are multi-million dollar operations.
Are these high-earning execs pulling a fair salary for their good works, or are their impressive salaries questionable considering the nature of their work?
Several states, including New York, New Jersey, Florida and Massachusetts, have pushed legislation to limit the salary of nonprofit CEOs who accept public funding. Florida pushed for a limit of $129,972, while Massachusetts suggested $500,000 (Forbes). New York Governor Andrew Cuomo told Forbes, “These regulations will allow the state government to identify and stop the few providers that pocket taxpayer dollars rather than use them to serve the public.”
When qualified talent is already earning less than what would be offered by a for-profit company, the issue comes down to a question of whether or not a strong corporate culture is crucial to the success of these charities. In the corporate world, a higher salary results in a greater value. While looking at CEO compensation for these charities is only one number, if their talent results in greater revenue for the organization, the level of income may be justifiable. Take a look at this list of 12 nonprofit CEOs raking in a staggering annual salary, and let us know what you think in the comments section below.

William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
Laurance Hoagland Jr., Chief Investment Officer of the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation earns a hefty salary of $2.5 million. The Hewlett Foundation has a wide range of goals—reducing global poverty, limiting the risk of climate change, advancing education, improving reproductive health rights and supporting local performing arts. (Huffington Post)
American Cancer Society
John Seffrin, CEO of American Cancer Society, earns $2.1 million, while also serving at the White House on the public health advisory group. The American Cancer Society is the world’s largest voluntary health organization fighting cancer. (Huffington Post)
Boys & Girls Club of America
Roxanne Spillett, President of Boys & Girls Clubs of America, earns $1.8 million at an organization with expenses exceeding $130 million (CNN Money). The Boys & Girls Club provides educational after-school programs for more than 4,000 chapters, serving around 4 million children. (Huffington Post)
Metropolitan Museum of Art
Emily K. Rafferty, President of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, earns nearly $1.5 million. The Met was founded in 1870 to encourage the study and application of fine arts. The Met’s yearly expenses have reached $386 million (CNN Money). (Charity Navigator)
Los Angeles Opera
Placido Domingo, General Director of the Los Angeles Opera earns $1.35 million. Domingo is an opera singer and conductor as well, performing in more than 3,600 shows. Domingo has won twelve Grammy’s and has played a role in three opera films. This charitable CEO played a voice role in Disney’s Beverly Hills Chihuahua. (Huffington Post)
The Kennedy Center for Performing Arts
Michael Kaiser, President of the JFK Center for Performing Arts in Washington D.C., earns $1.348 million. Kaiser previously worked for the Royal Opera House and was a corporate advisor before focusing on the arts, working for clients like GM and IBM. The Kennedy Center seeks the best performers from around the world, while striving to be a leader in arts education. (Huffington Post)
Metropolitan Opera Association
Peter Gelb, General Manager of the Metropolitan Opera Association in New York, earns $1.3 million. The Met Opera hosts more than 200 performances every year with some of the world’s most creative and talented artists worldwide. Gelb has had a lifelong love of the opera. He began working at the Met Opera at 17 years old as an usher. Now, as General Manager, Gelb earns $78K in benefits. The Met Opera is currently undergoing a drop in attendance and severe labor negotiations, discussing cuts of 17 percent their annual compensation (New York Observer). (Huffington Post)
Museum of Modern Art, New York
Glenn Lowry, Chief Executive of the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, earns $1.2 million. Notably, the museum raised admission costs in 2012, while the CEO still receives $318K in housing to live free of charge in a $6 million apartment in MoMA’s residential tower. (Huffington Post)
United Way Worldwide
Brian A. Gallagher, President and CEO of United Way Worldwide, earns $1.2 million. United Way was founded in 1887 to transport leaders and support to 41 countries and territories around the world. Groups promote educational and health initiatives to suffering communities. (Charity Navigator)
J. Paul Getty Trust
James Williams, Chief Investment Officer of the J. Paul Getty Trust in Los Angeles, earns $1.2 million. The Getty, one of the world’s wealthiest art institutions, is dedicated to carefully presenting and conserving the world’s artistic legacy. After cutting back on several programs and employees and raising parking costs during the recession, Williams was able to maintain his more-than-agreeable salary. (Huffington Post)
National Jewish Health
Michael Salem, President and CEO of National Jewish Health, earns a salary of just over $1 million. National Jewish Health is the leading hospital for respiratory care in the United States. (Charity Navigator)
Goodwill
Michael Miller, CEO of Goodwill, earns $856,043. Goodwill uses donations to train people for jobs who are currently unemployed. After being ridiculed by the Oregon Department of Justice for an “unreasonable” salary, Miller continues with compensation surpassing $850,000. During Miller’s time at Goodwill, he has increased revenue up to 107 percent to a record $135.5 million, while adding 1,000 jobs since 2004. The number of people served through Goodwill has increased from 11,694 to 52,170 during Miller’s leadership, perhaps proving the benefit of well-paid charity CEOs (Portland Business Journal).

Posted July 17, 2017 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

The Walking DEAD (HOMELESS PEOPLE) PART 2   Leave a comment

WOULD  YOU RECONIZE A HOMELESS PERSON?

I THINK NOT, because you would have to STOP and look, most people of today want thing’s fast, quick, done over with, that you just don’t see a homeless person.

On a bus around Fayetteville I listen to people when they talk, and many time’s if these normal people see a homeless person on the side of the highway, it is normal for me to hear this. (OH THERE THEY ARE AGAIN BEGGING FOR MONEY FOR THERE DRUG’S) YES some do, but the ones that sit next to a building or out of the way, there more ashamed of what has happen to them, and they are trying to find away out of there problem.

There are so many that will not ask for anything, not even food.  Homeless is new to many of the homeless, and they have no idea what to do, where to go.  I had to go and ask many people where is this, what can be done, how do I do this? it is crazy, most information that I got was from homeless people, sometimes wrong, but at least they tried, most of the food bank’s think you ALREADY KNOW what to do and what there program is all about?

Some of the places, see so many homeless, that they see them all the same, not different in anyway, but I tell you there so different in so many way’s that it would make you cry, some are running away from home, some are looking for a home or family to understand them, some have a family that get’s there SSI money and throw the person that need’s the care out the door.  Some are not smart enough to get SSI, and they live on the street’s, so have a drinking problem and the family can’t deal with them, some have a drug problem and the family can’t deal with them.  Some have mental issues, that a doctor has not given the right drug to help them, some have family that don’t care one way or another.

If you see a person with a backpack walking around 90% chance there homeless, they go to the library, they go to each place that give a hot meal during the day, or walking to the shelter or day center if your town has one.

I had the chance to show some student’s what they will find when they go to a homeless person….”SHOCK” “SCARED” they will try to get out of your way..

When the “POLICE” went to the homeless camp’s, they were loaded to the hilt!!! OMG you would have thought they were going to raid a drug house!!!

These Homeless people, are just people that maybe sleep 2 to 4 hours at night, there scared and these big COP’s run up in the camp early in the morning, I “prayed’ no one will die today!!

When you see a homeless, ask “HA WHAT IS YOUR STORY”

 

ALVIN

 

Posted July 15, 2017 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

The Walking DEAD (HOMELESS PEOPLE IN AMERICA)   Leave a comment

As the title say’s the Walking Dead, I think of the last year’s were I walked with the homeless people around Arkansas, and when I went to New York, and Georgia, South Carolina, and Denver.   I want people to see through my eyes, and maybe you will see something you never thought of or ever heard before.  This is away of saying good-by to a friend, he loved his vodka, but not always, he hated it sometimes, and could not be around people that was drinking anything, I find that to be true about homeless people, they hate where they are, but to get that next leg up, is almost impossible,  you feel a rush to find something fast, but a system that moves as slow as a snail going up hill in the winter time.  When what your fighting for does not come, you go back to what you know, and that being drug’s or drinking.  It is easier to drink or do drug’s then to live in the real time, I don’t understand this, but for the time, I listen, and hope I learn with out jumping into those thing’s.  I have heard it all, to “WELL Marijuana is not additive to it CURE’s.  Anything that makes you not know what is going on around you is not good.  We are HUMAN, and that is a hard thing to begin with, the stress of life that we have made for ourselves is overwhelming, so it easy to over look the hazard of drinking and drug’s, But as HUMAN’s we must look at what CAN. that word is a strange word, but it is so TRUE (CAN) we can be more then what we think of ourselves, build thing’s, use part’s of our mind’s that no other creature on EARTH does. When most people see homeless people they only see the outer shell, some ask WHY? I have asked the same question why? over time I found over time most were mom’s and dad’s, they were very smart, they had goal’s, they had real lives.  So to tell you, what changed! many thing’s that fast pace life will catch you, the drug’s slow everything down, the drinking will slow thing’s down and put you in a lot of trouble, Our law’s is another problem, if you have a felony of any kind, then it is hard to find work, you lose creditability.

CO-DEPENDENCY: A big word when you think about it, the origination’s that were made to help people out of a problem, has become a business, where ever a homeless person go’s there is a sign-in sheet, to prove that they have helped people. Most of them turn this in for “GRANT MONEY”” I call them Money Hawk’s” they can only give enough to keep the poor and homeless enough to stay alive today.  Some is a small bag every two week’s some are one time a month. some is just a hot meal for the day.

HOMELESS CENSES:  a BIG JOKE, they ask question so not to show light on the real problem, the question’s are made to see where some group’s can pull more money (Money Hawk’s) again.  The number’s are so wrong, if it was not so serious I would laugh, there are three times what they think there is, many find shelter at a friends home, or a barn, or a abandon building, never see a censes taker, The group that made the CENSES what’s the problem to be small.   When in fact it is to big for them to understand.

PAN-HANDLING:  IT IS TRUE THERE ARE SOME THAT PAN-HANDLE THAT ARE VERY RICH.  But there are many that are not, they don’t even have two penny’s to rub together, If you see a homeless not waving a sign, he most likely is homeless and has nothing, the ones that show off, most are just trying to make money with out working for it, the ones with a sign, I will give money to, the one with sign I will give food.

Posted July 15, 2017 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

“GRANT’s” that agency’s get to help the homeless and the Poor!!!   Leave a comment

These are some of the money hawk’s in AMERICA!! they feed off the poor and homeless!! LET’s stop the MADNESS!!! help the poor to work, in anyway they can and earn enough to live a good life instead of giving to a group of “MONEY HAWKS”

 

 

 

Recommended Articles

Grants for Women
Every year over 500,000 women start their own businesses. Two out of every three new businesses are started by women.Women have a 75% chance of success in business ownership. That’s why the Federal, State and Local Governments offer thousands of programs that give out money, help and information to women who want to start or […]
By admin
Read More →

Private Grants
US Private and Foundation Grants Over 1000 Direct Links to Foundation Grants Websites giving away billions each year. Access these Grants instantly. A foundation is a non-governmental, non-profit organization which has a fund or endowment that it uses to aid charitable, educational, religious or other agencies serving the public good. It makes grants primarily to […]
By admin
Read More →

How To Apply For Grants
For the Year 2017 there are over 1,000 Federal Programs, 24,000 State Programs, 30,000 Private Foundations and 20,000 Scholarship Programs. There are over 1500 Government Grant Programs administered by 57 different Federal Agencies! Cash Grants Small and Large Business Grants College and Scholarships Grants Federal & State Grants Private Foundation Grants Grants for Women Housing […]
By admin
Read More →
Advice

Government Grants for College
Going to college isn’t always as simple as just getting the right grades at school; there are usually all sorts of circumstances that affect whether you even consider applying to college in the first place. Unlike in the films where the only concerns students have are either partying or cramming in studying for an exam, […]
By admin
Read More →

Information

Government Grants for Individuals
A Government Grant in USA is an economic aid given to either execute a Purpose, support the Purpose or stimulate the Purpose for which it was given to which the Government is not a beneficiary.Government Grants could be issued by a State Government or the Federal Government. Grants given by the Federal Governments are referred […]
By admin
Read More →

 

Other Recent Posts

Free Government Grants
For the Year 2017 there are over 1,000 Federal Programs, 24,000 State Programs, 30,000 Private Foundations and 20,000 Scholarship Programs. There are over 1500 Government Grant Programs administered by 57 different Federal Agencies! Each day millions of dollars in Free Government Grants are given for Business, Personal, Housing and Educational needs. Government Grants Availability: Small […]

By admin
Read More →

Apply For Government Grants Online
Free Grants For Personal, Business, Housing and Education Needs.You select the proper grants and implement them meticulously step-by-step. This post will provide you with an intro regarding how you can make an application for the government grants online.Learn about the information The government department features a wide variety of grants, and you may utilize them […]

By admin
Read More →

Government Grants to Pay off Debt
Last spring when the economy of the United States bottomed out,a huge number of individuals lost their occupations, reserve funds and discovered themselves scarcely ready to make the minimum payments on their credit cards. This left these individuals without a safety net. One small sudden issue, for example,unexpected sickness or a car breakdown could wreck […]

By admin
Read More →

Tips on How to Obtain Government Grants for Home Repair
Our home is probably one of our most precious possessions because it where we shelter our beloved family. We always want to keep our home in top condition so that it continues to be a beautiful and safe haven four your family. But if your home is one of the 40% of American homes that […]

By admin
Read More →

 

 

 

Recent Articles

Grants for Women
Every year over 500,000 women start their own businesses. Two out of every three new businesses are started by women.Women have a 75% chance of success in business ownership. That’s why the Federal, State and Local Governments offer thousands of programs that give out money, help and information to women who want to start or […]

 

Private Grants
US Private and Foundation Grants Over 1000 Direct Links to Foundation Grants Websites giving away billions each year. Access these Grants instantly. A foundation is a non-governmental, non-profit organization which has a fund or endowment that it uses to aid charitable, educational, religious or other agencies serving the public good. It makes grants primarily to […]

 

How To Apply For Grants
For the Year 2017 there are over 1,000 Federal Programs, 24,000 State Programs, 30,000 Private Foundations and 20,000 Scholarship Programs. There are over 1500 Government Grant Programs administered by 57 different Federal Agencies! Cash Grants Small and Large Business Grants College and Scholarships Grants Federal & State Grants Private Foundation Grants Grants for Women Housing […]

 

Government Grants for Non-Profit Organizations
A grant refers to a contribution offered to assist a program, project, organization, or an individual. It is usually given to a non-profit entity from a government agency, corporation, or foundation. Grants are normally awarded for a specific purpose or program. Government grants for non profit organizations will focus on giving: · Specific kinds of […]

 

Housing Grants
Are you looking for your dream house? Are credit problems holding you back from buying that new home or starting a real-estate venture. Here’s great news! The U.S. Government has recently released over 140 million dollars in Housing Grants. They are also relaxing the credit requirements to make it easier for people with low credit […]

Government Grant Video Tips

 

 

 

 

Featured Articles

Grants for Women
Every year over 500,000 women start their own businesses. Two out of every three new businesses are started by women.Women have a 75% chance of success in business ownership. That’s why the Federal, State and Local Governments offer thousands of programs that give out money, help and information to women who want to start or […]

 

Free Government Grants
For the Year 2017 there are over 1,000 Federal Programs, 24,000 State Programs, 30,000 Private Foundations and 20,000 Scholarship Programs. There are over 1500 Government Grant Programs administered by 57 different Federal Agencies! Each day millions of dollars in Free Government Grants are given for Business, Personal, Housing and Educational needs. Government Grants Availability: Small […]

 

Personal Grants
Apply Now For Free Personal Grants If you are in need, out of work, working part time and income doesn’t cover basic expenses, or are ill, all types of grants, loans and in-kind services are provided by the federal government and by private foundations. These funds are available on an emergency basis or long-term basis. […]

 

Site Navigation
Advice
Articles
Featured
Featured Articles
Information
More Articles
Tips
Uncategorized
Home
Programs
Contact Us
Privacy Policy
Sitemap
Copyright 2017 : http://govgrantsusa.org : All Rights Reserved

Posted June 29, 2017 by Teacher Alvin in shopping blue jenes

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

“SIMPLE” to end “homelessness” American people and “GOV” “STOP” giving MONEY AND GRANTS!!!   Leave a comment

Here in Fayetteville Arkansas there is a place called “LIFE SOURCE” they take no “GRANT”S!!!

Only what the area PEOPLE give them, This what the CHURCH’s did when I was a CHILD.

YOU give a “HAND_UP” not a hand-out so many homeless get GOV MONEY and do nothing but buy DRUGS and they know next month they will get it again.

STOP the madness!! make them work for there “MONEY” and they “WILL” do it.

MAKE WORKSHOP’s so they can earn there way, not just give like we give to the illegals “THAT IS CRAZY”

 

ALVIN

Posted June 29, 2017 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

“TRUMP” can we end HOMELESSNESS!!   Leave a comment

We have around 20 million illegal “PEOPLE” in AMERICA!! we support them!!?

WE have 2.4 million American HoMELESS? But TRUMP!! no one is supporting them to get out of homelessness!!!!

LET”s end homeless!! FOR THE AMERICAN’s in OUR COUNTRY!!

 

https://www.amazon.com/gp/registry/giftlist/2LOUYO8JRPAB8/ref=nav_wishlist_lists_2

Posted June 29, 2017 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

NWA “WILL” you “HELP” the “HOMELESS?”   Leave a comment

How come there are Homeless? LAZY? no not all of them, some are trying t find job’s without ID’s, Some lost there job’s.  Some are lost and need someone to just “CARE”!!!

I have formed a group of “HOMELESS” to build thing’s in a workshop, so that not only do they learn how to build thing’s but to sell them and keep themselves off the street’s. PLEASE” help by buying the thing’s they need to build item’s to sell.

 

https://www.amazon.com/…/2LOUYO8JR…/ref=nav_wishlist_lists_2

This list, is thing’s they need, “HELP” the homeless to get out of homelessness!!!

 

Thank-you

God bless

 

Alvin

Posted June 29, 2017 by Teacher Alvin in shopping blue jenes

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

(Homeless Solution) To have homeless “BUILD” things to sell and the money made is there’s to keep!!   1 comment

https://www.amazon.com/gp/registry/giftlist/2LOUYO8JRPAB8/ref=cm_go_nav_recip_gl

https://www.amazon.com/gp/registry/giftlist/2LOUYO8JRPAB8/ref=cm_go_nav_recip_gl

Hi “FRIEND’s And to be friends!  My name is Alvin Davis I was homeless for 8mo. living in a TENT on a hill YES…(FREEZEING) Brrrrr

So I laid out a “PLAN” first to find someone to let the homeless use there Commercial Building, so there the homeless can work on making craft’s like Tables, Art’s CRAFT’s

All kind watch videos

 

https://youtu.be/eZugBR8ArkY  two kind’s of paint

 

 

 

Now I need your “HELP” I have a Amazon wish list:  This way you can see what we need and buy them and have them sent to the workshop for the homeless, we have 600 homeless here and everyday 20 to 40 more show up.

 

Tray: is the forman over the wood shop

Stephanie is over the craft’s Quilt’s, reused item’s and art’s

 

I am Alvin just a helper.

 

If you can see it in your heart to buy just one thing that is enough, we love you as god has always loved us.

 

Thank-You and may GOD BLESS YOU!!!!

Posted June 11, 2017 by Teacher Alvin in shopping blue jenes

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Is Flag Burning Illegal?   Leave a comment

Posted July 1, 2016 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

The new unwanted Jews in America “HOMELESS”   Leave a comment

imgS1

The new unwanted Jews in America “HOMELESS”

A DREAM DENIED:
THE CRIMINALIZATION OF HOMELESSNESS IN U.S. CITIES


NARRATIVES OF THE MEANEST CITIES

#

1 Sarasota, FL

In February 2005, the City Commission unanimously approved an ordinance prohibiting “lodging out of doors.”  The previous “no-camping” rule was ruled unconstitutional by a state court last year because it was too vague and punished innocent conduct.  The new rule prohibited using any public or private property for “lodging” outdoors without permission from the property owner.  While not completely mitigating the negative impact of the law, the city took a more positive approach to the issue in this law by including a requirement that police officers, once a year, offer people who violate the law a ride to the shelter, instead of jail.  The commissioners said that the ordinance would protect public safety and property while helping homeless people find shelter.  Although the city was confident that this ordinance would stand up in court, critics said that it was still too vague.  It was not clear how many “lodging” activities, such as making a fire, laying down blankets or a sleeping bag, and putting up a tent, would have to be happening in order for a person to be arrested.  Moreover, the police were not required to give a person a ride to the shelter if the person was intoxicated, using drugs, or did not have proper identification.

Like its predecessor, this ordinance was short-lived.  In June 2005, a state court found the “no lodging law” unconstitutional.  County Judge David L. Denkin said the ordinance gave police officers too much discretion in deciding who is a threat to public health and safety, and who is just taking a nap on the beach.  The judge, however, recognized the “good intention” of the city commissioners.  The city claims it is important to the city’s residents. City commissioners have long insisted that the ordinances are about protecting people, but the ordinance has been used toarresthomeless persons.  Assistant Public Defender Chris Cosden believes the city should give up: “The city has tried twice, and failed twice [with its ordinances]. The city has to step back and realize there are some things you just can’t do.”  On a positive note, Fredd Atkins, a Sarasota City Commissioner, agreed that the city has “spent enough money trying to do the wrong thing right,” suggesting the money be committed to solving the root causes of homelessness.

Nonetheless, in August 2005, the city commissioners passed yet another ordinance, strangely similar to the previous two that were ruled unconstitutional.  The new ordinance makes it a crime to sleep without permission on city or private property, either in a tent or makeshift shelter, or while “atop or covered by materials.”  The city commissioners invented a list of criteria to determine if a person violates the new law.  One or more of the following five features must be observed in order to make an arrest: “numerous items of personal belongings are present; the person is engaged in cooking activities, the person has built or is maintaining a fire, the person has engaged in digging or earth-breaking activities, or the person is asleep and when awakened states that he or she has no other place to live.”

Advocates are shocked that the ordinance actually includes being homeless, or having “no other place to live” as itself a criterion for arrest.  Advocates argue that this ordinance, like its predecessors, targets homeless people.

The new law has been challenged in state court by defendants who were charged under the law.  The court upheld the law, finding it constitutional.

#2 Lawrence, KS

Downtown street merchants complained to city officials in December 2004 that homeless people were intimidating customers with “aggressive panhandling,” and that groups of people regularly spent the night camping on the rooftops of their businesses.  Downtown Lawrence, Inc. members gave city officials copies of many ordinances used in other communities against homeless people to encourage similar measures in Lawrence.  Some of the proposed ordinances make sitting on the sidewalk from 7 A.M. to 9 P.M., and closely following someone to solicit money illegal.  In addition to these suggested ordinances, a few businesses proposed cutting social services, arguing “We didn’t have this problem until we had a handout on every corner.”  Shelters were viewed as hurting downtown Lawrence’s image rather than providing invaluable and scarce services to homeless people.  Loring Henderson, Open Shelter’s director, disagrees, stating that “it doesn’t seem logical to me that when you have a place where there are 21 people who have a place to stay for the night, rather than being on the streets, that you’re contributing to the problem.”

According to Phil Hemphill, a downtown business owner who addressed a meeting of the City Task Force on Homeless Services, efforts to help homeless people are useless without sanctions imposed on the ill-behaved individuals among them.  He described how he regularly saw homeless men and women urinate, defecate, and fornicate in public.  Hemphill said it was wrong to expect the public and private sectors to finance services for homeless people when such behavior is tolerated.  Hemphill later complained that the Task Force balked at imposing sanctions on trespassing, panhandling, and public drunkenness.  Several Task Force members replied that Hemphill was misinterpreting their deliberations.

At a January 2005 meeting of the Task Force on Homeless Services, downtown business owners proposed that homeless service providers require people who want to use shelters, soup kitchens, and other services to obtain an official identification badge.  The badges would require people to go through an application process and a policebackground check.  This would give police and service providers a way to punish people by denying certain services over a specific period of time. Moreover, business owners argued, the badges would help ensure that homeless services are not enabling people to remain homeless.

In July 2005, city commissioners approved three “civility” ordinances, responding to concerns from downtown patrons about aggressive panhandlers.  However, in a more positive step, they rejected an anti-camping law in spite of neighbors’ concerns about homeless camps along the Kansas River.  Commissioners approved ordinances that would prohibit panhandlers from asking for money in an aggressive way, make it illegal for people to trespass on rooftops, and limit how people could sleep or sit on city sidewalks.  Yet, Kalila Dalton, a member of Kansas Mutual Aid, views panhandling as a logical response to a basic need: “If it is cold outside and if you have no warm place, it seems reasonable to build a fire. If you have no money, it seems reasonable to ask someone who appears well off for money.”

The anti-panhandling ordinance will ban aggressive panhandling by prohibiting repeated attempts to solicit money from the same individual, blocking someone’s path or touching them, or soliciting within 20 feet of an automatic teller machine or a bus stop or from anyone in a vehicle.  Another of the newly-passed ordinances makes it illegal to lay or sit on a sidewalk in a way that blocks the path of a pedestrian or requires pedestrians to reroute their course, with the exception of protests or other activities protected under the First Amendment.  This ordinance was approved on a 3-2 vote, with Commissioner Mike Rundle and Councilman Highberger opposing.  Highberger said he thought the ordinance simply addressed “things that people didn’t want to look at,” rather than genuine public safety concerns.  Lastly, the council approved an ordinance that prohibits going onto the rooftop of a building without the permission of the building owner.  The passage of this ordinance was motivated by complaints from several downtown merchants that homeless persons camp on their rooftops.

Fortunately, the Commissioners unanimously rejected the bulk of the proposed anti-camping ordinances because they said the city’s current criminal trespass ordinance allowed them to address the issues when problems arose.  The main difference between the trespass ordinance and the proposed anti-camping ordinance was that under the trespass ordinance, campers have to first be given a warning to leave before they could be ticketed.  However, the Commissioners did agree to approve a portion of the ordinance that would make it illegal for people to camp on private property without the express permission of the property owner.

#3 Little Rock, AR
           
In March 2005, Saint Francis House, a daytime homeless center, was forced to reduce its hours for the second time in one month due to decreased funding. The cutback in hours came as police began cracking down on “professional” panhandling in the downtown area.  An undercover task force arrested 41 people.

The city’s agenda with regard to homeless people has become more aggressive and blatant in the following incidents.  The only day shelter, and only place where homeless people could wash their clothes, Saint Francis House, closed in 2005 after a long history of police harassment of homeless people using that facility, as well as a withdrawal of funds for its operation.  When asked to comment upon the closing of Saint Francis House, Sharon Priest, a spokesperson for the Downtown Partnership, said that she was “glad” it was gone, but was still not satisfied, because of “thatsoupkitchen [Stewpot] which is right there.”

Other reports compiled by Hunger-Free Arkansas indicate the criminalization of homeless men and women throughout the city.  In a case of illegal search and seizure, a state trooper illegally searched and detained a homeless man, by claiming he suspected the homeless man was dealing drugs.  The state trooper arrested the individual, who spent the night in jail and missed work the next day.  The homeless man had no record of any drug-related offenses.  Upon release from prison, only his driver’s license was returned. He did not receive his wallet or other property before he was told to leave.  Due to the arrest, the homeless man was suspended from work for 30 days and taunted by employees for having to spend the night in jail.

In another incident, two homeless men reported officers of the Little Rock Police Department, in separate incidents, had kicked them out of the Little Rock Bus Station. Both men were holding valid tickets and transfers.  Despite showing the police their tickets, both men were told that although the buses they were awaiting would arrive within 30 minutes, they could not wait on the premises because they were loitering.  The police subsequently evicted the men.  In some instances, others have been told that they could not wait at the bus station “because you are homeless.”

Over the summer in 2005, a free public event was held at Riverfront Park in Little Rock, at which various businesses and manufacturers of goods (including the Tyson Chicken Company) set up booths and tents to give away free samples of their merchandise to the public.  Vendors encouraged homeless persons at the event to take free samples, which many homeless people gratefully did.  However, officers of the Pulaski County Sheriff’s Department told the homeless individuals, including a handicapped man at a picnic table, that they had to leave the event immediately or be subject to arrest for loitering in a park.  Another homeless man was denied entrance by tour operators to the free and public tour of the Old Statehouse Museum.

#4 Atlanta, GA

Amid waves of public protest and testimony opposing the Atlanta City Council’s proposed comprehensive ban on panhandling, the city and mayor passed a bill in August 2005.  The ban made panhandling illegal within the “tourist triangle” and anywhere after dark.  The ordinance also prohibits panhandling within 15 feet of an ATM, bus stop, taxi stand, pay phone, public toilet, or train station anywhere in the city.  Many opponents believe the ban outlaws panhandling virtually everywhere, rendering it unconstitutional.  The new ordinance also states that anyone who asks for help, both monetary and non-monetary, can be detained until an outreach worker either evaluates the detainee or refers him/her to social services.  State Senator Vincent Fort, said the 12-3 vote “was an unabashed rush for campaign support.”

Two days after the signing, the Atlanta Police Department announced in The Atlanta Journal Constitution that homeless people would be rounded up and identified for entry into the City’s new facility called The Gateway, which provides 250 shelter beds and supportive housing.  The Gateway, the recipient of $10 million in private and public funds, was developed to provide a constructive solution to coincide with the panhandling ban.  Unfortunately, although The Gateway houses homeless people, there is an overall net loss of places to sleep in Atlanta; 125 emergency beds for women and children were closed by the Mayor at the end of May 2005.  Up to eighty of those women and children now sit up all night, waiting for shelter at the Task Force for the Homeless.

The business community and the city administration claim that many homeless people are “service-resistant” and should be forced to receive the services they need.  However, more than half the current requests for shelter and services in Atlanta go unmet because of insufficient resources.  Most shelters and support service agencies report turning away dozens of desperate people daily.  In addition, the Mayor’s Commission is persuading service agencies to relocate into the Gateway, making formerly independent, voluntary services available only there.
           
“This ordinance affects a huge population of the poor and homeless who just ask for help to eat everyday. We do not need a blanket law for one person asking another person for help,” said Murphy Davis of the Open Door Community.  According to Anita Beaty of the Task Force for the Homeless, “Atlanta planners seem to believe that if you remove people’s housing, eliminate emergency shelter that they will then need, and then make asking for help illegal, their necessary support services available only through an incarceration program, the poor people will go someplace else.”

Jason Gibbes, a resident of the Peachtree-Pine facility, testified before City Council, stating, “I work every day.  In two weeks, I will have enough to rent my own apartment, and I have it all picked out.  I’m sure not proud of it, but when I first got my job, I begged for MARTA fare to get to work — a couple of times.  If I hadn’t been able to ask for help, I wouldn’t be working today.”  He also reported that the police stopped him and forced him to produce identification while merely walking down the street.

In the devastating aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, Atlanta has stood firm in its resolve to criminalize panhandlers.  James Scott was sleeping in his car with his brother, his sister, and her two young children after seeking refuge in Atlanta.  After living in their car for several days, the family panhandled at a mall in the affluent Buckhead neighborhood.

Police arrested Scott for solicitation about a half hour later, even after he showed them his Louisiana driver’s license, car tag, and registration as proof that he was a Katrina evacuee.  “It’s the most expensive mall in Atlanta, I thought I could get some help,” Scott said.  According to Atlanta Police Department spokesman John Quigley, while soliciting on a public sidewalk is allowed, soliciting in traffic is prohibited.  According to Kevin, a homeless man interviewed by the Task Force for the Homeless, “nobody has the right to expect people to help.  It’s their money to decide what they want to do with it.  I just think I have a right to tell somebody what I need, and let them decide.”

A homeless woman with children was arrested in Atlanta for “impersonating” a Katrina survivor in order to get help for her children.  There was an outpouring of emergency assistance from churches that only offered help to hurricne evacuees, thereby creating a desperate competition for much needed shelter.

In addition, the American Civil Liberties Union plans to file a lawsuit against Atlanta once it finds a suitable plaintiff because of the ban’s potential violations of the First Amendment.  Gerald Weber, the legal director of the ACLU’s Georgia branch, calls Atlanta’s ordinance “too broad,” likening it to a similar ban in Albuquerque, New Mexico, which was ruled unconstitutional in 1999.  City Councilman C.T. Martin believes the threat of a potential lawsuit has caused the city to withhold aggressive enforcement of the panhandling ban.

#5 Las Vegas, NV

Although homeless advocates in Las Vegas stated that shelters are overcrowded, city officials have done little to increase resources for individuals experiencing homelessness. Due to a lack of funding, the city’s Crisis Intervention Center was recently closed. Similarly, charitable organizations scrambled – albeit unsuccessfully – to replace the services the Crisis Intervention Center provided.

The police conduct habitual sweeps of encampments, which lead to extended jail time for repeat misdemeanor offenders.  Homeless inhabitants of a campsite on Owens Avenue were forced to vacate the area just before Christmas 2004.  Las Vegas’s Department of Neighborhood Services gave the order to clear the lot, because the property owner was “in violation of Las Vegas Municipal Code…dealing with nuisances.”  Many social service providers were caught off guard by the notice, wishing the city had informed them before the sweep to ensure they could find places for homeless men and women to stay.  Former residents of the campsite worried about finding a bed in one of the shelters because most of them are reserved for older men and women.

Despite reports that city, county, and state agencies were working together to provide homeless persons displaced by a January 2005 sweep of a downtown bridge, only 45 people out of 150 residents of the camp were placed in temporary housing.  The site was declared a health hazard in August 2005 because people were urinating and defecating in the area around the camp.  Bob McKenzie, spokesman for the Department of Transportation, commented, “we need to do whatever we can to help the homeless, but we need to take care of public safety first.”  Transportation crews threw away inhabitants’ possessions, including tents, blankets, and family photos.

City officials’ attempt to break up another homeless camp in February 2005 was met with criticism by local homeless advocates, who argued that breaking up the camp would only create another camp elsewhere.  They also noted that homeless people need treatment, supportive services, and permanent housing, all of which are not available.  Several homeless people were unable to receive help from local agencies, because they were already receiving money from the federal government.

An analysis of Las Vegas police records revealed that arrests for charges such as trespassing, jaywalking, and pedestrians failing to obey traffic signals increased after a recent cleanup of a homeless camp.  When homeless people are ejected from the camps, they move to other public places where they interact more with members of the community.  The ACLU of Nevada suggested that Las Vegas police went out of their way to cite and arrest homeless people as a part of the sweep.  According to Gary Peck, executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union of Nevada, “It will take political will to dedicate the resources needed to move this situation in a positive direction. I haven’t seen anything from any jurisdiction to indicate that exists.”

In April 2005, plans to clean up a homeless encampment that had previously been swept at Owens Avenue were postponed due to lack of organization.  Officials attempted to avoid criticism by posting signs at the site in both English and Spanish, warning people that the authorities were going to clean the area.  The Southern Nevada Homeless Coalition was not informed of the sweep.  Linda Lera-Randle El, director of Straight from the Streets, believes the sweep was “like penalizing the homeless for the shortcomings of the city, county, and state.”

Frank Wright Plaza, a small park across from City Hall, was a favorite daytime spot for homeless people seeking a place to nap.  Regular visitors to the park said that it is a safe and comfortable place to recover from a tough night on the streets.  However, city officials saw the park as a public nuisance, and have assigned marshals to patrol the area several times daily.  In order to keep homeless individuals out of future parks, the city considered privatizing the parks, enabling owners to kick out unwanted people.  Mayor Oscar Goodman fervently supported the idea, saying, “I don’t want them there.  They’re not going to be there.  I’m not going to let it happen.  They think I’m mean now; wait until the homeless try to go over there.”

In a more positive step, Metro Police are expected to begin seeking a liaison for homeless people, raising its level of commitment after being criticized for its handling of the homeless situation.  The Metro Police have been at the center of the homelessness controversy on many occasions in recent years.  In addition to their role in homeless camp sweeps, the Metro Police have faced allegations that officers were targeting homeless people for misdemeanor crimes, such as urinating in public.  The new liaison would work with both public and private agencies to help homeless people, and will hopefully prevent future arrests and sweeps.

#6 Dallas, TX

Officials attempted to address the growing homeless population by making it illegal to take a shopping cart off store property.  Instead of acknowledging the root causes of homelessness, the new law only spurred homeless people to become more creative.  Fleets of damaged baby strollers and shopping carts are now common in the area.

The Dallas Homeless Neighborhood Association investigated sweeps that occurred in December 2004.  A positive result of its investigation was that the Interim City Manager, Mary Suhm, vowed to replace the personal property, including blankets, identification, and medication, that the city officials confiscated during those sweeps.  Suhm also promised to provide oral or written notices at least 24 hours in advance of sweeps, giving homeless people time to relocate.

In an attempt to gain more federal aid for homeless services, volunteer canvassers surveyed and counted homeless people in the Dallas area.  Volunteers accompanied by the police walked the streets to gain knowledge and “humanize the condition of homelessness.”  The count itself was not an attempt to chase people from their shelters, but the police and transportation crews later evicted dozens of homeless people from their encampments.

One of Dallas’ most elaborate homeless camps, with cardboard shacks, tents, porta-potties and a microwave powered by electricity tapped from a billboard was raided in May 2005.  The city bulldozed the camp several times before, but the inhabitants kept rebuilding their homes.  City officials hoped that demolition would give the residents an incentive to seek help for their drug and alcohol addictions, as well as mental illnesses. James Waghorne, a formerly homeless social worker, disagrees with the city’s logic, saying “more residents may seek help if the city offered a higher level of services instead of driving people from the only homes they know.”

Starting in September of 2005, a new ordinance will penalize charities, churches and other organizations that serve food to the needy outside of city designated areas.  Anyone who violates this ordinance can be fined up to $2000.  Romano’s Hunger Busters pledges to feed homeless people “wherever they are,” and will violate the new ordinance. Romano worries that many people experiencing homelessness will be unable or scared to go to the new feeding locations, falling “through the cracks.”  The city claims portable feedings both enable homeless camps to exist and generate litter.

Currently, the city is considering Mayor Laura Miller’s suggestion to ticket people who donate to panhandlers, because a blanket ban on panhandling has proved largely ineffective since its inception two years ago.

#7 Houston, TX

A coalition of businesses and residents, called the Avondale Association, is petitioning city officials to protect the near-downtown neighborhood from homeless persons by using a so-called “civility ordinance” passed by the Houston City Council in late 2004.  The Avondale Association has gathered enough signatures to require a public hearing on whether the ordinance should be expanded beyond the Central Business District.  The ordinance, which is currently confined to downtown, prohibits people from sitting or lying on sidewalks between 7 a.m. and 11 p.m., as well as placing items of bedding or personal possessions on the sidewalk.

Paul Luccia, owner of Keystar Events Complex, says the conduct of homeless people at nearby Interfaith Ministries hurts his business, which provides a venue for business meetings and weddings.  Luccia also claims many of his customers are intimidated by the daily overflow of sidewalk trash and illegal activity around Interfaith Ministries’ site. Luccia sees the ordinance as the city’s main line of defense against the growing encroachment of homeless people on struggling business.  Others contend that if local business paid a living wage people could work to get themselves off the streets.

The Coalition for the Homeless of Houston/Harris County believes the civility ordinance is ineffective, as well mean-spirited.  “This is just more or less shuffling people around [and we] do not support any laws that somewhat outlaw or consider homelessness a crime,” said Anthony Love of the Coalition for the Homeless of Houston/Harris County. Love also argues “blaming service providers for an increase in homelessness is like blaming hospitals for an increase of sick people. If service providers weren’t there, the problem would be worse.”

Citing a need to “reflect changes in society,” the Houston City Council also passed new regulations under which patrons with offensive bodily hygiene that constitutes a nuisance to others will not be allowed inside the library.  In addition, these laws prohibit people from sleeping or putting their head, feet or legs on tables, using library restrooms to change their clothes, bathe, or shave, as well as outlawing large backpacks and blankets in the building.

In opposition to the new laws, City Councilwoman Addie Wiseman noted, “When we have heat waves, they encourage people, including homeless [people], to go into public buildings, including our libraries.  What is the plan now?”  She also said, “I understand what they’re trying to do but when you start targeting a community like the homeless [population], I think that’s a poor policy.”

#8 San Juan, PR

Cieni Rodriguez, Executive Director of La Fondita de Jesus, expressed that “no significant positive advances have been made during the calendar year of 2004.”  She further states, “it is ironic how frequently city officials publicly say how they are working on behalf of the homeless population, while at the same time they are supporting the passage of new legislation that further countermands civil liberties.  Anti-constitutional laws that, if passed, would permit the governments [central and municipal] to intervene with a person’s liberty by transporting them somewhere else against their will.”

Osvaldo Burgos, attorney and Executive Director of the Commission for Civil Rights stated, “There has been an alarming increase in city ordinances and city codes designed at targeting […] homeless [people].”  A recent study by the commission revealed that over half of Puerto Rico’s 78 municipalities have passed anti-homeless ordinances into laws. Sweeps of homeless people are also becoming commonplace in Puerto Rico.  Sweeps have taken place in Sicardo, Old San Juan, Caguas, Yabucoa,  and Vega Baja, during which 17 homeless people were arrested for violating “quality of life” ordinances.  At least five homeless deaths have been attributed to these sweeps.

People experiencing homelessness have also reported being victims of police violence and intimidation.  One man reported that he has frequently been a victim of police violence including being assaulted with nightsticks and pepper sprayed for the fun of it and having his bicycle tires slashed while being mocked by police.  Another man also reported verbal abuse by the police while they trashed the place where he slept.

#9 Santa Monica, CA

Under a new proposal soon to be floated by City Council Member Bob Holbrook, city groups that provide meals to homeless people in parks may be fined for clean up costs.  Food providers may be required to pick up the yearly-estimated tab of $40,000 that Santa Monica spends annually providing park rangers and a cleaning service after meals.  The free meals are currently being handed out in Reed Park, Palisades Park, and on the City Hall lawn.  Holbrook contends that the new “clean up law” would be enforced equally so that it doesn’t target one person or group.  Moira LaMountian, co-founder of Helping Other People Eat (HOPE), has been feeding homeless people in Palisades Park for over 13 years.  She fears that going after the food providers’ pocketbooks could cause nonprofit groups to stop providing food to those who need it.  She also contends that they leave the park cleaner than when they arrive each day, and that there is no need for park ranger supervision.

The city of Santa Monica would also like to move meal dispersion indoors to connect the food programs with other services offered to the homeless people.  City officials who work on the issues surrounding homelessness admitted that there is no such indoor location available at this time.  An ordinance, enacted in 2002, reduced outdoor feeding locations from 26 to 4, and bans feeding more than 150 homeless persons without a permit, because some official believed food providers were only exacerbating the homeless problem by handing out free meals.  Human Services Manager, Julie Rusk, said that moving handouts indoors was essential in stopping what she called the “revolving door” of homelessness.  Nonetheless, only one of the feeding sites in the city is linked to established homeless services.

Recently, with the election of Bobby Shriver to the city council, homeless people in Santa Monica are facing what may be the single biggest push in the nation to pass a massive wave of new anti-homeless laws.  The new collection of proposed city laws would
make it illegal for any homeless person to set down a backpack for more than ten minutes on any sidewalk, lie, or sit, on any sidewalk in the city, shave, bathe, wash clothing items in any public restrooms, and sleep anywhere in a vehicle.  The laws would also sweep homeless individuals from all freeway sides and ramps.

In addition to the new local laws, anti-homeless forces are proposing to close all showers that open before six a.m., many of which serve homeless men and women who work. Santa Monica Memorial Park Gym Director, John Hines, estimates that nearly fifty homeless people shower at the park, many before work.  The city cites complaints and growth of sports activities at the park as their reasons to close the facilities.  The displaced bathers may seek refuge at St. Joseph’s Center, where shower-seekers must sign up a day in advance.  Furthermore, they propose that the Santa Monica city police now transport anyone found intoxicated in the city to a new “sobriety center” five miles out of town in Culver City.

Laws in the city already attempt to ban all outdoor meals from groups, like Food Not Bombs, which serve up to half of the city’s 1,000 homeless people.  Another notorious law literally bans even the giving of a cookie to any member of the “public” without a city permit.  According to the manager for the City’s Human Services Division, “[…] groups [that] continue to sponsor these [feeding] programs [run] counter to the policy that the City has been trying to promote.”

#10 Flagstaff, AZ

Soon anyone camping or sleeping in a car or in public within the Flagstaff city limits may be subject to trespassing and camping violations, totaling up to $2,500 in fines and six months in jail time.  The current ordinance’s wording only allows prosecution of people arrested in city parks.  City Attorney Patricia Boomsma supports the new, stricter ordinance, because “[…] prosecutors need to prosecute the person actually doing the camping.”  The proposed ordinance aims to eliminate litter, human waste, and illicit campfires.  According to Flagstaff chief of police, J.T. McCann, the ordinance is intended to promote public safety.  However, local service providers, such as Stephanie Boardman of Hope Cottage, believe these ordinances are counter-productive, especially to the domestic violence victims that Hope Cottage takes in.  Boardman said, “A lot of them are embarrassed to go to shelters. They just want their freedom. You penalize the people in crisis because 10, 15, 20 people are really causing an upheaval.”  While Flagstaff law enforcement officials have written 162 citations for camping, all charges were dropped because camping is not yet illegal in the city.

#11 San Francisco, CA

After responding to complaints of homeless people loitering outside the San Francisco Public Library, the police decided to provide homeless individuals, unhappy living in the city, with one-way bus tickets.  The plan would “reunite them with loved ones for the holidays.”  The Police Department recommended coordination with the bus companies and local businesses to fund tickets, along with boxed lunches.

L.S. Wilson, coordinator for the Coalition on Homelessness, believed that such a plan would only give the police an opportunity to harass homeless people.  “If they need a one-way ticket out of here and they can get it, good, but it’s saying they can’t come back. It’s another PR thing…Just try to hide or get rid of our homeless problem.”  The Department of Human Services offers bus tickets to anywhere in the continental U.S. if the recipient has housing or a job to go to.  While some 10 to 30 people use the program each year, the Director of Human Services pointed out that it was difficult for homeless individuals to start a new life just by moving to another city.

Under Mayor Newsom’s “Care not Cash” ballot initiative, panhandlers who are supposed to be getting services are sometimes going to jail instead.  Instead of Care not Cash, San Francisco panhandlers are receiving citations, which, are translating into jail time.  In his argument for Proposition M in August 2003, Gavin Newsom wrote, “Prop. M seeks to divert people who aggressively panhandle because of addiction or illness away from the jail system and into the public health system.”  However, this is not the case as arrested panhandlers spend the time before their court date in jail instead of in service programs.

Under Proposition M, panhandling and solicitation is prohibited in five locations: near ATM machines, in parking lots, on public transit, on median strips, and on freeway on-ramps. Section F of Prop. M gives the Department of Public Health the mandate to “establish, administer and/or certify diversion programs appropriate for treatment of violators.”  Nonetheless, “people are going to jail because there aren’t enough services for everyone that needs them.”  Panhandling is an infraction that does not bring jail time; after three infractions, future cases are handled as misdemeanors, making the defendant eligible for incarceration.  Critics contend that this process of racking up citation convictions does not help homeless people get services.  Since Mayor Gavin Newsom took office in 2003, the number of camping citations among the homeless population nearly tripled.

Just the presence of homeless men and women is stirring up negative reactions in the city. In the heart of San Francisco’s downtown shopping district there have been complaints of people loitering outside of a charity organization, St. Vincent DePaul Society, that serves free lunch daily to those in need.  The meal service provides for over 100 people a day, most of whom are experiencing homelessness, but many are disabled or elderly.  The city has been trying to relocate the charity for over 15 years, nearly as long as it has been in existence.  There is heavy criticism from business owners that the sight of homeless people lined up on the street is not conducive to attracting new businesses and customers to the district.  The city manager of San Francisco, Barry Nagel, commented, “We know the need to serve [homeless people] is there, we just don’t need them in the downtown area.”

Court records show that the police are writing more tickets for illegal camping in city parks outside the downtown area, and homeless advocates point to the trend as proof that the city’s February homeless count was wrong when it showed that the population dropped by more than 2,000.

#12 Chicago, IL

In September 2004, the City Council unanimously passed an ordinance that prohibits panhandling within 10 feet of a bus stop, ATM, or bank entrance, at sidewalk cafes and restaurants, and fines panhandlers $50 for first and second offenses and $100 for each additional offense in the same year.  Chicago modified its criteria after a 2002 ordinance banning all panhandling was challenged in a class-action lawsuit, which resulted in a $474,000 settlement for the plaintiffs, as well as a repeal of the law.  According to Deputy Police Chief Ralph Chiczewski, Chicago police fine about 50 panhandlers a month, although collect far few fines.

However, many advocates, including Julie Dworkin of the Chicago Coalition for the Homeless, believe this ordinance does not provide a solution either.  She argues, “If you ticket them, they are not going to have money to pay the ticket.  So, you haven’t solved the problem.  People are panhandling out of great need […]  To get rid of panhandling, you must deal with the issue of homelessness.”  Amy Bishop, a downtown worker, believes that “[you] can’t legislate away all the things you don’t want in a city,” demonstrating that even some business owners are skeptical of Chicago’s second attempt in two years to curb panhandling.  The city’s initial attempt was repealed after a class-action lawsuit was filed on the grounds that the ordinance violated panhandlers’ civil rights.  Even the police chief, that suggested the strict ordinances, recognizes that they will not completely dispel panhandling.  Homeless activist, John Maki commented that, “Once people believe that panhandlers represent all homeless [people], it is very difficult to engage them in productive conversation about the reality and causes of homelessness. Too often, such encounters devolve into debates for and against panhandling, which then easily play into the stereotypes and fears many people have.”

#13 San Antonio, TX

After the city passed new ordinances targeting aggressive panhandling, sleeping in public, urinating in public, and camping without a license (including sleeping in vehicles), many local homeless people complained that the City Council was persecuting them.  These violations are class C misdemeanors and carry up to $500 fines.  However, District 1 Councilman Roger Perez said that these laws would be applied to everyone equally because they target behaviors rather than people.  According to West side Councilwoman, Patti Radle, 400 people have been cited for illegally sleeping on sidewalks or “urban camping” and 82 people have been cited for urination on sidewalks since these activities were criminalized earlier this year.

Reverend John Flowers of Travis Park United Methodist Church said that the ordinance presents a justice issue because of the lack of public restrooms and shelter space downtown, stating “If we’re going to tell people you can’t do this in public, then we need to provide them options.”  Instead of spending money on enforcement, the city could use it to strike at the root causes of homelessness.  Flowers and other advocates argued that the city has an obligation to provide better facilities for homeless people before cracking down on their activities.  Texas Homeless advocate Richard Troxell noted, “As long as people are forced to live on the streets of America due to the lack of affordable housing, adequate health care and livable incomes, we cannot allow their condition to be criminalized.  The same things that these people are being targeted, fined, and arrested for in public, are found to be acceptable and considered to be the norm when conducted in the privacy of our own homes.”

#14 New York, NY

In response to a New York Times article attributing a January 2005 fire in the subway to the extensive use of the subway tunnels as shelters for homeless men and women, Mayor Bloomberg’s Administration argued that police routinely patrol the tunnels and rarely find any homeless people.  When officials do find anyone, they are transported to shelters or arrested.  Arrests of homeless individuals “have skyrocketed in the past few years,” totaling 3,086 last year compared with 737 in 2000.

The New York City Police Department took aim at minor crimes like unlicensed street peddling and fare-beating on buses in an attempt to deter more serious crimes. Undercover police officers began riding the M35 bus at night to arrest those who do not pay the $2 fare.  Many of the arrested bus riders were on their way to homeless shelters. They could not walk to these shelters, because the only footbridge from Manhattan is closed in the late fall and winter.  Five criminal court judges, including Kathryn Freed, questioned the wisdom of the arrests, because they interfered with the services the homeless persons were seeking: “I consistently put on the record how outraged I am by the whole thing.  It’s a complete waste of the court’s time [to prosecute the illegal bus riders].  It takes a lot of person-power to process them, house them, and feed them. Meanwhile, the shelter, where they’re heading, is set up to do just that.”  Shaver, one of the men arrested on a M35 bus, told police “You’re setting me up. They’re the easiest victims, the homeless. It’s entrapment. Why don’t you [the police] go fight some real crime?”

In June 2005, an individual who panhandles filed a suit on behalf of a class of individual panhandlers who had been charged with violations of a New York state law that prohibits begging.  The Second Circuit had found the law unconstitutional in the Loper case in 1993.  The plaintiffs allege that arrests and prosecutions under the unconstitutional law violate their First Amendment rights.  On June 11, 2005, the day after the suit was filed, the Bronx District Attorney’s office admitted that they should not have prosecuted any arrests made under the unconstitutional part of the state penal code and issued a written agreement with the City and the police to stop arresting and prosecuting people under this statute.  According to the agreement, police officers received notice that the statute is void.  As of November 2005, the lawsuit is ongoing.

#15 Austin, TX

In late 2004, the city was considering four proposed changes to ordinances concerning public sleeping, panhandling, and loitering.  The proposals are a response to increased pressure from downtown business owners for the city to address the “transient problem.” Highlighted by new restrictions on panhandling, the proposed ordinance would criminalize all door-to-door and roadside solicitation throughout town, sleeping in public, blocking sidewalks, and panhandling near schools, childcare facilities, and outdoor restaurants. On December 14, 2005, council members will vote to fine anyone found lying, sleeping, or sitting anyway in the Downtown area $500.

Richard Troxell, president of House the Homeless, worries about the potential impact of this ordinance on the Austin Advocate, the local newspaper produced by homeless people and sold on the street for donations.  He also comments that, “another ordinance they wish to address is the sidewalk ordinance; what they intend to do is outlaw [all] sleeping or resting on the sidewalk whatsoever.”  On November 19, 2004, the Austin Area Homeless Task Force voted to adopt a Ten Year Plan to End Chronic Homelessness, saying, “strategies to solve the problem lie in affordable housing, access to health care including mental health and substance abuse treatment, and livable wages.”  On the other hand, downtown business owners are complaining of increased problems with loiterers and panhandlers in the area.

In July 2005, an Austin municipal court found the city’s roadside anti-begging statute unconstitutional, in which panhandling in select roadside locales was illegal.  While defending a homeless Austin citizen, who was arrested for carrying a sign that read “Donations of any kind will help,” the Texas Civil Rights Project argued the panhandling ordinance violated the First Amendment rights of people experiencing homelessness. Under the panhandling ordinances, anyone “[…] who is in or next to a street, on a sidewalk, or in a private parking area commits an offense if the person solicits, or attempts to solicit, services, employment business, or contributions from an occupant of a motor vehicle.”  According to Wayne Krause, the goal of these ordinances is to decrease visibility of the homeless.  He says, “Officials at the city are very anxious to promote 6th Street and their perception of Austin’s tourist image, and they’ll sweep the undesirable urban realities out of sight to do it.”  Other advocates say we need to work toward solutions that combat the problem of homelessness rather than targeting homeless people.

In December of 2005, the Austin City Council passed ordinances that ban panhandling after 7 p.m. in the downtown area, ban panhandling totally near schools, child-care facilities, and outdoor food and drink establishments and prohibit sleeping, sitting, and lying down in public areas downtown.  People violating the no sleeping/sitting ordinance face a $500 fine.  Only one Council Member, Mayor Pro Tem Danny Thomas, voted against these ordinances.  The new ordinances went into effect on December 25.

#16 Anchorage, AK

In April 2005, Ed O’Neill, an advocate who helps maintain homeless camps, wanted to establish a corporate-sponsored legal homeless camp.  The camp would include toilets and garbage facilities, as well as require a small fee for residents to live there.  After consulting with homeless people, O’Neill concluded that some could benefit from being allowed to camp—safely, legally and securely—at an established place.  People would not be allowed to drink in a legal, organized camp.  However, Fairview Community Council president, Darrell Hess, does not share O’Neill’s enthusiasm, citing the adverse effects a camp would have on the neighborhood, such as the difficulty of monitoring inhabitants.

In Anchorage, camping anywhere, including both government and private property, is considered trespassing.  Police have trouble dealing with camp inhabitants; if they move them on, homeless campers will turn up somewhere else.  O’Neill continues to work closely with campers, advising them where to move and how to address the police.  For him, having people camp in the woods is perfectly fine, as long as they do it right: haul out trash, use proper toilet facilities, do not drink, and do not disturb others.  Even if the legal camp never wins local approval, O’Neill thinks he and like-minded supporters are improving the living conditions in the city woods.

The city and the Anchorage Downtown Partnership are trying to discourage motorists from giving to panhandlers.  The citywide program is titled “Change for the Better” and uses slogans such as “give change in ways that make change.”  Local businesses and buses sport the signs.  The Partnership is urging motorists to give donations to social service agencies rather than panhandlers, because public officials believe voluntary donations to homeless people pay for alcohol or drug addictions.  A 2004 law makes panhandling or giving to panhandlers from a motor vehicle stopped on a public street, as well as aggressive panhandling, illegal.  According to Anchorage Mayor Mark Begich, “The idea [of the program] is to dry up the source of funding so street people will seek help that might let them to improve their lives.”

While Anchorage considers alternatives to proposed homeless camps, Anchorage’s SAFE City Program used funds from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) to implement the Pathways to Sobriety project.  According to a 2005 evaluation of the project by the University of Anchorage, “the primary components of this project include involuntary engagement by chronic public inebriates from the target population into detoxification and substance abuse treatment services via individualized intensive care management services; increased access to therapeutic court for the target population involved in criminal act; and invigoration of the alcohol involuntary commitment program.”  In this way, Anchorage’s “sleep-off” center not only shelters public inebriates from potential health risks of cold weather, such as hypothermia, but also the potential risk of being targeted for a quality of life violation.

#17 Phoenix, AZ

The Phoenix City Council voted to ban camping in all city parks in order to preserve the parks as “family places” in December 2004.  The measure was aimed at keeping homeless people from areas where children and others gather.  Even though few of the homeless people caused trouble, “many people are intimidated by the homeless and won’t use the park.”  Homeless advocates argued that the ordinance would not solve the problem.  According to Jeff Taylor of the Phoenix Rescue Mission, “If you close the parks, homeless individuals will gravitate to another area.  This will squeeze individuals into other areas where they may be more invisible.”  The Executive Director of the Phoenix Rescue Mission, Jerry Sandvig, doesn’t see any alternative with such an overwhelming homeless population in Phoenix, saying, “There really isn’t any place for them to go.”

#18 Los Angeles, CA

In February 2005, the L.A. City Council unanimously passed a law that prohibits loitering outside of public facilities, such as libraries, between 9 P.M. and 9 A.M.

Six homeless individuals also filed suit to prevent the Los Angeles Police Department from ticketing and arresting people who sit, sleep or lie on public sidewalks pursuant to city codes.  They argued the codes were in violation of the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments, as applied to homeless persons.  The plaintiffs argued that homelessness in an involuntary condition, as long as homeless people outnumber the number of available shelter beds.  The court rejected the plaintiffs’ arguments and granted summary judgment for the city.

In September 2005, the mayor of Los Angeles ordered an investigation into allegations that other jurisdictions were “dumping” homeless people, mentally ill persons, and criminals onto the streets of Los Angeles’ Skid Row.  Skid Row is a 50-block area of downtown Los Angeles containing between 8,000-11,000 homeless people.   A week later Police Chief William Bratton vowed to get tough and clean up the area he refers to as “Dante’s Inferno.”  His department has conducted sweeps of the area looking for parole violators and strictly enforces “quality of life” statutes such as public urination and sleeping on public sidewalks.

Many believe that the outrage over the “dumping” of homeless people and the increased enforcement are a result of gentrification in the area.  “That’s why there’s a big brouhaha about the ‘dumping’ now.  Five, six, seven years ago there weren’t any plans to gentrify Skid Row with condos and lofts that sell for $700,000 or more and a Grand Hotel a few blocks away.  The rich simply don’t want the homeless to be part of the landscape anymore,” commented a local social worker.

Police Chief Bratton insists that his department does not target homeless people.  “What we focus on is behavior, he said.  “If the behavior is aberrant, in the sense that it breaks the law, then there are city ordinances…. You arrest them, prosecute them.  Put them in jail. And if they do it again, you arrest them, prosecute them, and put them in jail.  It’s that simple.”

#19 St. Louis, MO

In October 2005, the City of St. Louis settled a lawsuit filed against it by twenty-five homeless and impoverished people, claiming they were illegally “swept” from the downtown area before the city’s Fourth of July festivities.  The city paid $80,000 in damages to the plaintiffs.  The payment of damages will be shared by the city, the police department and the Downtown Partnership, all of whom were defendants in the case.  The plaintiffs claimed that homeless people and those who appeared to be homeless were abused, harassed, and illegally detained in order to clear the city streets before the holiday festivities, and alleged that the defendants have a policy “of intimidating and driving homeless people and homeless-appearing people from downtown St. Louis.”  Plaintiffs also alleged that some of them were told they would be released if they performed free community service – cleaning up after the festivities – even before they saw a judge.  City Counselor Patricia Hageman admitted these accounts were accurate.  Attorney for the plaintiffs, Steven Gunn, stated, “This agreement makes it clear that sweeps violate the law and human dignity.”  Although the court ruled in favor of the plaintiffs in granting a preliminary injunction and the city agreed to the settlement, the city has not admitted any wrong-doing.

As a result of the settlement, the police department has agreed to do the following: avoid arresting homeless people or removing them from downtown areas without probable cause that a crime was committed; institute a policy, where under most circumstances, a summons to court will be issued for “quality of life” violations rather than arrest; re-affirm to its officers that an “individual’s status (homeless or non-homeless) will not be considered in any of [their] decisions;” and acknowledge begging is not a crime, if it is not “aggressive.”

In early November 2005, police officers swept a downtown park, instructing homeless people to leave.  No arrests were made but park workers removed belongings for temporary storage.  The sweeps sparked a protest march from the park to City Hall.  The marchers demanded an end to sweeps and more services for homeless people.

#20 Pittsburgh, PA

Pittsburgh city leaders recently amended its panhandling ordinance.  The new law expands on the existing panhandling ordinance by restricting solicitation for charity to daylight hours.  The bill also bans panhandling within 25 feet of an outdoor eating establishment, 25 feet of an admission line, 25 feet of the entrance to a place of religious assembly, within 25 feet of money dispensing areas, and 10 feet of a food vendor or bus stop.  The bill also outlaws “aggressive panhandling” and solicitation of money that hinders traffic.  Activist groups, such as the ACLU, believe such a comprehensive ban infringes on free speech rights.

The ordinance classifies solicitations from religious groups and other charities as panhandling.  According to Major Deborah Sedlar, “If we [the Salvation Army] raise less, that could mean we have less resources to support the services we provide.”  Dr. James Withers, a medical doctor and founder of Operation Safety Net, believes that services, rather than laws, are what Pittsburgh’s homeless population needs.  Dr. Withers said, “The needs of street people are so much more intense than current agencies can grapple with.  A lot of people have such complex psychological issues, it’s very difficult to get them off the street.”

The ordinance stems from complaints from downtown business owners.  “Our stakeholders feel that panhandling is becoming a bit more of a problem than it used to be,” said Regina Casey, an employee of Jenny Lee Bakery, which is a member of the Downtown Partnership.  Police Chief Robert W. McNeilly, Jr. added that crimes, including robbery, retail theft, defiant trespass, simple assault, and disorderly conduct, are “typical” of panhandlers.  However, Officer Charles Bosetti, who patrols the Market Square area, sees it differently.  Bosetti maintains that businesses were demanding that police drive “grubby looking” people from the area.  Bosetti feels that this is outside of law enforcement’s role and should be left to social agencies.  “Are you using aggressive police tactics where social solutions are more appropriate?” he asked. Bosetti also believes that writing more citations would take officers off the streets for hearings and would require the city to pay more overtime.  District Attorney Stephen Zappala, Jr. contends the successful panhandling ban would fine or jail aggressive panhandlers, while directing homeless persons to social services.


HOME | FULL REPORT (pdf) | Acknowledgements | Executive Summary | I. Trends in the Criminalization of Homelessness | II. Criminalization Measures Violate Constitutional Rights | III. Criminalization Measures Violate Human Rights Norms | IV. Constructive Alternatives to Criminalization | V. T op 20 Meanest Cities | VI. Meanest Cities’ Narratives | VII. Other Cities’ Narratives | VIII. CASES: Challenges to Restrictions on Sleeping, Camping, Sitting or Storing Property in Public Place [FEDERAL] [STATE] | Challenges to Anti-Begging, Anti-Soliciting and Anti-Peddling Laws | Challenges to Vagrancy, Loitering and Curfew Laws | Challenges to Restrictions on Feedings|Miscellaneous | IX. Prohibited Conduct Chart | X. APPENDIX:Survey Questions | Sample Know Your Rights Card |Sources for City Narratives |

Posted October 31, 2015 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

“This program was recently reauthorized by Congress after extensive hearings and debate.   Leave a comment

alvindavis99

“SO” Congress said it was “OK” to read your “EMAILS” How sick is “AMERICA?” “VERY” “SICK” I think, please people wake-up and scream at congress and the companys allowing this to happen.

Prism

A slide depicting the top-secret PRISM program.

The National Security Agency has obtained direct access to the systems of Google, Facebook, Apple and other US internet giants, according to a top secret document obtained by the Guardian.

The NSA access is part of a previously undisclosed program called Prism, which allows officials to collect material including search history, the content of emails, file transfers and live chats, the document says.

The Guardian has verified the authenticity of the document, a 41-slide PowerPoint presentation – classified as top secret with no distribution to foreign allies – which was apparently used to train intelligence operatives on the capabilities of the program. The document claims “collection directly from the servers” of…

View original post 1,553 more words

Posted April 5, 2015 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Captain English !!!!!!!! tell me what you think?   Leave a comment

alvindavis99

imgT2

You liked your own post on CAPTAIN ENGLISH

You’re so vain. You probably think “YOU” Want to “DATE” A Filipina? is about you.

View original post

Posted April 5, 2015 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

NFL Black MEN arrested all the time “WHY”   Leave a comment

alvindavis99

NFL PLAYER ARRESTS: SHOWING 732 Record(s)

DateTeamNamePOSCaseCategoryDescriptionOutcome
2014-09-17ARIJonathan DwyerRBArrestedDomestic violenceSuspected of aggravated assault in incident involving woman.Resolution undetermined.Black man
2014-09-11MINAdrian PetersonRBIndictedChild abuseGrand jury in Texas indicted Peterson on a charge of injury to a child.Resolution undetermined.Black man
2014-09-04NYJQuincy EnunwaWRArrestedDomestic violenceCharged with simple assault after alleged incident with woman at hotel in Florham Park, N.J.Resolution undetermined.Black man
2014-08-30SFRay McDonaldDEArrestedDomestic violenceSuspected of domestic violence against pregnant fiance, who showed police bruising on her body.Resolution undetermined.Black man
2014-08-23BUFAlan BranchDTArrestedDUIAccused of drunken driving, blood-alcohol content of 0.14, after police say they noticed him vomiting out of car door.Resolution undetermined. Team released him the next day.Black man
2014-08-20PITLe’Veon BellRBArrested

View original post 22,725 more words

Posted April 5, 2015 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

A WHOLE MONTH TEACHING ESL STUDENTS READ!!!!!!!   Leave a comment

www.homelessnessolutions.com

BY TEACHER ALVIN ON OCT 21, 2014imgT2

ENG INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGE CENTER

(GROUP) OR ONE ON ONE
RESOURCE BOOK: PRONUNCIATION PAIRS LEVEL: BEGINNER to ADULT

BOOKS: GRAMMAR, VOCABULARY, READING, WRITING,PRONUNCIATION, SLE TIME FRAME: ONE MONTH

Nickname ALVIN DAVIS
Nationality AMERICAN
Major: ESL TEACHER
Subject PRONUNCIATION
COURSE OBJECTIVES

This one month class is to learn to speak American English with a clear sounding of the words, to be able to speak to other people and have them understand what you are talking about, not slurred, or with slang.

Suggestions / Recommendations

Pronunciation Pairs: (To say the words very clearly), (To Remember to sound the words very clearly),

(To say the correct “ED” sound and the correct “S” “IZ” or “Z” sounds), (To say with the correct Intonations),

(Flow of the words together), (To put the emotions into your words), (To find the sounds that change in a word).

(To stress on words that have a different meaning), (To show excitement with some parts of speech).

Course Outline

Week 1 – Students will begin the class with a basic pronunciation test which will cover all vowel and consonant sounds as well as consonant clusters. From the students performance on this test individual vowel and consonant sounds will be identified and targeted for classroom learning. More complicated consonant combinations as well as past tense verb and plurals “S” endings will be practiced and reviewed.

Step 01: One hour of Pronunciation Pairs. Five Units per hour, will improve there pronunciation level in one week, each week will build confidence in there ability to speak and understand the new vocabulary of English.

Week 2 – Students will be introduced to word stress. As a means of teaching this students will learn syllable count, prefix and suffix pronunciation and compound word pronunciation and stress. Students will begin to learn higher aspects of American accent word stress and reduction of pronouns and modals.

Step 01: One hour of Grammar, will help the student start saying sentence patterns, this week will be the growing of Pronunciation with Vocabulary words. The American accent and word stress and reduction of pronouns will also be used to help the student understanding the forms of America stress and other country’s English.

Step 02: One Hour of Pronunciation. Continuing the Five Units per hour with now the Grammar you will start to see the students using the English outside of the classroom.

Week 3 – Students will work on English rhythm patterns to include highlighting stressed words within a sentence, thought groups and usual patterns of speech associated with pronouns, articles, contractions and prepositions. A closer look will be taken at phrasal verbs and descriptive devices such as simile and metaphor.

Step 01: Reading, Writing, listening. One hour of Reading, Writing, listening, will play a roll in the developing of the student’s interest in the English language as well as the understanding of “WHY” when a student can understand the why of English they start learning at a faster pace.

Step 02: One hour of Pronunciation. Continuing the Five Units per hour with now the Grammar, Reading, Writing, Listening, you will start to see the students using the English outside of the classroom even more then the first two weeks.

Week 4 –Students will be introduced to Intonation. Listing intonation, question/tag question and drop-rise intonation. Pitch range and expressive intonation will be covered. Blending, reduction and higher level English speaking skills useful in IELTs, TOEIC and TOEFL will be learned.

Step 01: Review, It is important for the student to review all that they have learned, and the mistakes that the teacher now can correct and get the student to remember the correct way to Speak, Read, Write, Listen and use the proper Grammar.

(GROUP) OR ONE ON ONE

RESOURCE BOOK: BASICGRAMMAR IN USE LEVEL: BEGINNER to ADULT

BOOKS: GRAMMAR, VOCABULARY, READING, WRITING, SLE, TIME FRAME: ONE MONTH

COURSE OBJECTIVES: Grammar is important because it is the language that makes it possible for us to talk about language. Grammar names the types of words and word groups that make up sentencesnot only in English but in any language. As human beings, we can put sentences together even as children–we can all do grammar. But to be able to talk about how sentences are built, about the types of words and word groups that make up sentences–that is knowing about grammar. And knowing about grammar offers a window into the human mind and into our amazingly complex mental capacity. People associate grammar with errors and correctness. But knowing about grammar also helps us understand what makes sentences and paragraphs clear and interesting and precise. Grammar can be part of literature discussions, when we and our students closely read the sentences in poetry and stories. And knowing about grammar means finding out that all languages and all dialects follow grammatical patterns.

GRAMMAR: To Learn English Grammar and how the differences are between learning English in it true form. The English Language has many different parts of Grammar and to understand each part it must be done one step at a time.

Suggestions / Recommendation:

Basic Grammar in Use: (To learn Grammar is a short time and to insure that the Grammar can be used in a formal and a business setting). To learn all the parts of Grammar, Present, Past, Present Perfect, Passive,

Verb Forms, Future, Modals, Imperatives, Auxiliary Verbs, Questions, Reported Speech, Pronouns, Possessives, Determiners, and Pronouns, with Adjectives and Adverbs, Prepositions, Two Word Verbs,

Conjunctions and Clauses.

Course Outline

  1. Week 1 – Students will begin the class with a basic grammar in use test. If they are a beginner then they will start at the Unit 01. AM/IS/ARE, This will start them learning the Positive and Negative with sentence structure and where to use them. (That’s=That is There’s=There is) they will do the exercises 1.1 to 1.6. Start: Unit 2. Exercises 2.1 to 2.5 (Questions) How to ask questions. Unit 3. Exercises 3.1 to 3.4 (Present Continuous) In these Exercises there are complete the sentences with a follow up with the teachers and with there homework. Writing about a small picture and using the proper Grammar, also writing about true sentences. Students will start Learning (Present Continuous Questions) this will build there Grammar at a faster pace. Unit 4 – 4.1 to 4.4 Exercises looking at the picture and write the proper questions to be asked in the conversation. Unit 5 – (Simple Present) Exercises 5.1 to 5.5 using Verbs. Asking Questions to other students and staff. Students will began learning (Simple Present Negative) Unit 6 Exercise 6.1 to 6.5 This will be writing negative sentences, study the information and write sentence with like, putting the verb in the correct form (Positive or Negative) Unit 7- 7.1 to 7.4 (Simple Present Questions) Write Questions also using the verbs. Write true short answers. Unit 8 – 8.1 to 8.3 (Present Continuous and Simple Present) using Present Continuous in the proper way of a sentence structure. Week 2 – Unit 9 using 9.1 to 9.4 Exercises Rewriting sentences with (got) (have) (do’s and don’t) Unit 10 is using Was/Were will be doing (Positive) (Negative) (Questions) with short answers. Start learning the correct order of the sentence. Unit 11 (Simple Past) Exercises 11.1 to 11.2 will use simple past of the verb usage. Fill in the blanks with the proper verb and Simple Past forms. Unit 12 (Simple Past Negative and Questions) Exercise 12.1 to 12.5 Complete the sentences with the proper past tense words putting the verb in the correct form. Week 3 – Unit 13 (Past Continuous) Exercises 13.1 to 13.4 looking at the picture and fill in the blanks. What did the student do? In past continuous form, complete the questions. Unit 14 (Past Continuous and Simple Past) Unit 15 (I Used to ) Unit 16 (present Perfect) Unit 17 (Simple Present and Present Perfect) Unit 18 (For, Since, Ago) Unit 19 (I Have Done and I Did). Week 4 – Unit 20 (Just, Already, and Yet) Unit 21 (I’ve Lost My Key,) Unit 22 (Passive) Unit 23 (Is Being Done) Unit 24 (Be, Have, do, in Present and Past) Unit 25 (Regular and Irregular Verbs) Unit 26 (What Are You Doing?) Unit 27 (I’m Going To) Unit 28 (Will) Unit 29 (I’ll, Will) Unit 30 (Might) Unit 31 (Can and Could) Unit 32 (Must)
  2. This is where we will start the review. The review is very important to show what the student has really learned. There will be a Grammar test to show how much the student has learned.

(GROUP) OR ONE ON ONE RESOURCE BOOK: WRITING LEVEL: BEGINNER to ADULT

BOOKS: GRAMMAR, VOCABULARY, READING, WRITING, SLE TIME FRAME: ONE MONTH

COURSE OBJECTIVES:

MORE STEPS TO WRITTING: To Learn English Writing and how the differences are between learning English in it true form. The English Language has many different parts of Writing and to understand each part it must be done one step at a time.

Suggestions / Recommendation:

More Steps to Writing: To establish writing skill’s for Business, a Contract, a E-Mail, just about anything you will need the ability to write in some form or another. Even though we live in a computer age there are still many things that need to be written or typed correctly.

Week 1- Unit 01 (Sports) Descriptive Composition Unit 02 (Entertainment) Informal Letter Unit 03 (Relationships) Discursive Composition

WeeK 2- Unit 04 (Emergencies) Short Story Unit 05 (Travel) Letter to a friend Unit 06 (Health and Fitness) Report Writing

Week 3- Unit 07 (Employment) Article Unit 08 (City and Country life) Discursive Composition

Week 4- Review, make sure of all the spelling of each thing that is done, Grammar, and content will be the best for the student to learn how to write a good report, letter, e-mail.

(GROUP) OR ONE ON ONE

RESOURCE BOOK: EnglishVOCABULARY in Use LEVEL: BEGINNER to ADULT

BOOKS: GRAMMAR, VOCABULARY, READING, WRITING, ESL TIME FRAME: ONE MONTH

COURSE OBJECTIVES: To teach the student a group of vocabulary words and how to use them in a sentence with the proper Grammar, and to understand the definition of vocabulary words and how to use them in different ways. English has a vast way of using the vocabulary words, so by teaching them how to use them in different situations will increase the ability to use them correctly.

Book: English Vocabulary in Use:

(Everyday Verbs) (Words and Grammar) (People) (The World) (At Home) (School and Workplace) (Leisure) (Social Issues)

Week 1: Everyday Verbs, Using language Words, Talking About Language, Learning Vocabulary, Learn words in Family, Picture and Diagrams, Exercises, 2.1 to 9.5

Week 2: (Bring) (Get) (Phrasal Verbs) (Everyday Things) (Talking) (Moving) (Conjunctions) (Time Words) (Places) Exercises, 10.1 to 18.5

Week 3: (Manner) (Irregular Verbs) (Common Uncountable Words) (Common Adjective Good and Bad) (Words and Prepositions) (Prefixes) Exercises, 19.1 to 25.6

Week 4: Review Exercises 2.1 to 25.6, Test, and correct the mistakes the student are making.

(GROUP) OR ONE ON ONE RESOURCE BOOK: SPEAKING LISTENING EXPRESSION LEVEL: BEGINNER to ADULT

BOOKS: GRAMMAR, VOCABULARY, READING, WRITING, SLE TIME FRAME: ONE MONTH

COURSE OBJECTIVES: Intro provides numerous opportunities for high beginning students to actively learn contemporary American English expressions. This text is also appropriate for vocabulary courses. – Expressions are presented in interesting contexts — i.e., speaking on a car phone, being afraid to talk in school — and are spiralled through natural dialogues and listening activities. – Learning strategies, such as vocabulary indexing and clustering, focus students on becoming independent learners. – Activities include games, cartoons, role-plays, surveys, and dictations, as well as listening and writing activities that appeal to a wide range of learning styles.

SPEAKING LISTENING EXPRESSION:

The SLE (Speaking, Listening, Expression) program is a conversation program for adult and young adult learners of English as a foreign language. It aims to improve learners’ communicative competence through an emphasis on interaction. It enables learners to acquire and practice using important functions and expressions in natural contexts while, at the same time, stimulating conversation related to various topics and real-life situations. It utilizes a number of communicative approaches to language learning in order to facilitate the learners’ timely and effective acquisition of English. The aim of the program is to improve learners’ speaking, listening, reading, and writing skills as well as their vocabulary and grammar skills. The SLE series provides learners with the tools they need to use their newly acquired language skills in the real world. It aims to help build learners’ confidence in using English outside the classroom by increasing their understanding of and involvement in the learning process. Most importantly, the SLE series will challenge learners and help them believe in themselves. All learners participating in the SLE program will be able take the Pagoda motto to heart. Week 1: (Nice to Meet You) (What’s your Favorite?) (Time is on my Side) (What are you doing Nowadays?) (Weather and Seasons) (Red Letter Day) (There’s still a lot Left)

Week 2: (All in the Family) (The Future is Bright) What Happened?) (I can Do It!) (Nice Suit) (Not Just Another Pretty Face) (Learning the Ins and Outs) (Wild Kingdom)

Week 3: (Would You Rather?) (Growing Up) (That Sounds Fine) (Give Me One good Reason) (Home is Where the Heart is)

Week 4: Review, Test, and correct the mistakes from each Unit, make sure there is no questions that are not answered.

(GROUP) OR ONE ON ONE RESOURCE BOOK: READING ADVANTAGE LEVEL: BEGINNER to ADULT

BOOKS: GRAMMAR, VOCABULARY, READING, WRITING, SLE TIME FRAME: ONE MONTH

COURSE OBJECTIVES: what a language objective is

  • steps that teachers can take to create language objectives
  • how to implement language objectives in a general education classroom
  • how to align objectives to content and language standards
  • articulate for learners the academic language functions and skills that they need to master to fully participate in the lesson and meet the grade-level content standards.
  • are beneficial not only for language learners but for all students in a class, as everyone can benefit from the clarity that comes with a teacher outlining the requisite academic language to be learned and mastered in each lesson.

Week 1: (Reading Comprehension) (Idioms) (Vocabulary Reinforcement) (Target Vocabulary) (What do you Think?) (Video Jockeys) (Coffee Culture) (Around the World)

Week 2: Review last week progress and (Test) (The Puffer Fish) (Getting Married) (Say It with Flowers) (Bollywood) (The Nobel Prize)

Week 3: Review last week progress and (Test) (A Funny Cure) (Palm Reading) (Amazing Memory) (Incredible Dogs) (Diamonds)

Week 4: Review last week progress and (Test) (Space Explorers) (Happy New Year) (Text Messaging) (Urban Legends)

08:00 to 08:50: Pronunciation Pairs

09:00 to 09:50:Basic Grammar in Use

10:00 to 10:50: More Steps to Writing

11:00 to 11:50: EnglishVOCABULARY in Use

12:00 to 13:00: Lunch

13:00 to 13:50: SPEAKING LISTENING EXPRESSION

14:00 to 14:50: READING ADVANTAGE

15:00 to 16:50: Optional Classes (POP) (MOVIES) (SURVIVAL) (PATTERN) (CNN) (BUSINESS) (PRESENTATION)

Posted October 22, 2014 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

“DO NOT” HELP the Philippines don’t send “ANYTHING” be smart USA   2 comments

Philippine volcano spews lava; thousands evacuated

 

List of active volcanoes in the Philippines

Jump to: navigation, search

Active volcanoes in the Philippines, as categorized by the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS), include volcanoes in the country having erupted within historical times (within the last 600 years), with accounts of these eruptions documented by man; or having erupted within the last 10,000 years (holocene) based on analyses of datable materials. However, there is no consensus among volcanologists on how to define an “active” volcano. As of 2012[update], PHIVOLCS lists 23 volcanoes as active in the Philippines, 21 of which have historical eruptions and two strongly fumarolic volcanoes – Cabalian and Leonard Kniaseff.[1][not in citation given]; the Smithsonian Institution‘s Global Volcanism Program categories 20 Philippine volcanoes as “historical” and 59 as “holocene”.[2]

The Smithsonian Institution’s Global Volcanism Program (GVP) list volcanoes with historical, Holocene eruptions, or possibly older if strong signs of volcanism are still evident through thermal features like fumaroles, hot springs, mud pots, etc.[3] GVP currently lists 50 Philippines volcanoes.[2] The eruptions from the table below were based more on GVP which gives a more detailed eruption history for a particular mountain. The frequency of Historical Eruptions are based on definite historical eruptions and excludes questionable or Uncertain accounts based on the two sources mentioned.

The list below shows 25 active volcanoes in the Philippines was based more on the PHIVOLCS list with some included from the GVP list. The number is not a definite number and could depend on someone’s definition of “active” or historical timeframe. Also, volcanoes listed as inactive or potentially active could renew activity after long periods of dormancy such as Mount Pinatubo in 1991.

The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) introduced the” Information Portal for Philippine Earthquake and Volcano” during a seminar-forum on Sept. 15, 2014 at the institute’s auditorium, Quezon City. Led by its Director, Renato U. Solidum, Jr., the heads of the 4 technical divisions gave brief descriptions on the content of the portal.

Following a series of joint meetings with partner-agencies Japan International Cooperation Agency-Japan Science and Technology Agency (JICA-JST) and National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (NIED), PHIVOLCS has come up with a prototype of the Information Portal for Philippine Earthquake and Volcano which will be available for public viewing in the near future.

Continue reading..
 PHIVOLCS and Province of Albay Commemorate 200-years of 1814 Mayon Volcano Eruption, 26-27 June 2014, Legaspi, Albay
Friday, 18 July 2014 06:53

Legaspi, Albay. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) in partnership with the Province of Albay commemorated the 200-years anniversary of the 1814 Mayon Volcano Eruption on 26-27 June at the La Piazza Hotel, Legaspi, Albay.

Eruptions from Mayon Volcano that people remember date back to 1968, 1978, 1984, 1993, 2000-2001, 2006 and 2009. What most people are probably not aware of is that, two hundred years ago, on 01 February 1814, Mayon Volcano gave one of its biggest, most destructive eruptions. This event affected the southern slope of the volcano, specifically Camalig, Cagsaua, Budiao and Guinobatan and resulted to 1,200 casualties. The ruins of Cagsaua Church wherein only the bell tower remains standing is a reminder and testimony of this disaster.

The 2-day conference was held to provide venue to hold a meeting of experts from different fields to share knowledge and experience. To have a science, historical and social perspectives, invited presentations ‘had topics ranging from understanding Mayon

Earthquake Impact Assessment Methodologies: Exposure Database Development and Calculations Workshop for Region II and III State Universities and Colleges
Monday, 16 June 2014 01:20

PHIVOLCS conducted another workshop entitled “Earthquake Impact Assessment Methodologies: Exposure Database Development and Calculations” for the Region II and III State Colleges and Universities (SUCs). This activity is in line with the Regional Disaster Science and Management S&T Capacity Development Project, which is being funded by DOST-PCIEERD, and which PHIVOLCS is providing the technical expertise.

Posted September 16, 2014 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

“LEARN” a Little more “ENGLISH” with “ALVIN”   Leave a comment

 

Idiom of the day :

Way to go
a phrase encouraging someone to continue the good work.
1. As John ran over the finish line, everyone cried, “That’s the way to go!” “Way to go!” said Mary when Bob finally got the car started.

eslschoolforenglish.wordpress.com

alvindavis99.wordpress.com

alvinlesterdavis.wordpress.com

Alvin Lester DavisWest Fork, AR / 479-839-3126 or 501-242-2000 / alvindavis99@gmail.com

Stationary Engineer/English Teacher

Summary of Experience

· Supervising mechanics on Central Plant equipment and Boiler Rooms for Industrial Plant, Hospitals and Airports.

· In excess of 15 years with civilian and mechanical engineering equipment concerned with the maintenance and repairs of wide range of equipment in boiler rooms operation and maintenance such as four (4) units of oil fired high temperature water boilers with a capacity of 45,000,000 BTU/hr. per unit and four (4) Centrifugal Refrigeration Units with a capacity of 5000 tons per unit, Water and Waste Treatment Plants, Utilities Supports, and D.I. system for a Pharmaceutical Company.

Experience

CIP School in Angeles City www.cipschool.com

January 2009 to October 2013

Teacher

· Teaching Korean and Japanese student all English subjects

· As of May 2011 took over as Head Teacher of 58 Teachers and 80 Students
Shane English School – Dongying, China
January 2008 to September 2009

English Teacher

· Taught 5yr to 15yr old Chinese children with a class size of 8 to 32 equaling 200 students a week.

· Taught Basic English to advanced English in a night class of 20yr to 40yr people
· Skill’s Interviews, passing SAT for enrollment for the USA
Novartis– Emeryville, CA

2006 to 2008

Master Mechanic

· Served as Master Mechanic for 22 Buildings with Pharm Equipment, such as: Boilers, Chillers, Sterilizers and performed P.M’s Corrective Maintenance.
VERIZON DATA BASE – Sacramento, CA
2005 to 2006
H.V.A.C. TECH / SUPERVISOR
· Responsibilities included: Chillers, Boilers, H.V.A.C. System in the Building. P.M.’s Corrective Maintenance On all Building System’s, including but not limited to VAV, Air-Handlers, Cooling Towers, Helping the Electricians on there Craft as well.
COMPUTER SCIENCES CORP – (EUSA CH-47 FLIGHT SIMULATOR UNIT 15367 APO) / South Korea, AP

Boeing / L3

2002 to 2005

Stationary Engineer / HVAC Engineer

· Repair of Chillers, Boilers, working with Building Control Systems.

· Teaching English and Engineering A.C.T. to 20,166 Collage Students
· Supervising HVAC tech’s for all Army Bases in South Korea

Yamas Controls

2001 to 2002

Chiller Specialist

· Working with Company’s such as Genentech, Highland Hospital, Our Lady of Holy Angels.

· Responsibilities: Repair of Chillers, Boilers, Air-Handling Units, Controls
· Equipment: Trane, Clever-Brooks, Westinghouse, Carrier, Copeland.
· Left Company to go overseas.
Saudi Oger Ltd – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
1996 to 2000
Supervisor/H&C Maintenance
· King Khalid International Airport Project
· Utilities Division, Heating & Cooling Section
· Supervising Maintenance personnel of Central Plant Heating & Cooling Section composed of Foremen, Lead Mechanics, Mechanics, HVAC Personnel, I&C Technicians, and Plant Electricians.
· Responsibilities: include plant machinery’s e.g. four (4) Centrifugal Refrigeration Units, each with a capacity of producing 5000 tons per hour of chilled water, four (4) diesel fuel oil fired high temperature water boilers, each with a capacity of producing 45,000,000 BTU per hour with an output temperature of 204OC, six (6) cooling towers and fans, CHW & HTW piping equaling a total length of 12.8 Kilometers. In addition, submitting daily, weekly and monthly reports to the Superintendent and Project Manager.
· Maintenance Duty Officer: On many occasions assumed the duties and responsibilities for all contractual decisions and work co-ordinations at the KKIA Airport during night shifts and weekends.
Boot’s Pharmaceutical Co. – Shreveport, LA

1993 to 1996

Chief Stationary Engineer of Central Plant

· Responsibilities: included (4) 1000 tons Trane Centrifugal Units, (4) 250 PSI water tube steam Ryans D.I. Water system, 4 Culligan water softeners. Also responsibilities submit time sheets, scheduling of shifts, man-hour reports, monthly reports, weekly reports, chemical reports. Compressors, Super Cooled Systems, Automatic Controls for Boilers & Chillers, Barbare / Colman, Blue Prints, P.I.D. Fiber Optic Systems. February 1996 went to Saudi Arabia (company was sold to B.A.S.F).

American Towers – Shreveport, LA

1991 to 1993

Chief Stationary Engineer for 16 Stories Office Building

· Responsibilities included to supervise (6) Stationary Engineers, (2) Cleverbrook’s Steam Boilers, Maintenance and Repair, Operations, Preventive Maintenance, Corrective Maintenance, Budgeting for $1,000,000 a year Maintenance & Operation.
Schumpert Hospital – Shreveport, LA

1983 to 1991

Stationary Engineer

· Operations& Maintenance of Steam System, included autoclaves, boilers, 150,000 LB steam per hour, water softeners, (4) 1000 tons Trane Centrifugal Units, Cooling Towers, Pumps, Compressors, D.A. tank operations & maintenance heat exchanger units, emergency systems. Mogal water treatment daily assessment.

· Babcox& Wilcox steam boilers with 26 Turbine Generators.
Education/ Qualification and Training
Oklahoma State University – Stillwater, OK

B.A. – Facilities Engineering

Associates Degree – Fiber Optic / Solar Design/ Engineering / BAMS

A/C School – Oklahoma State University

Boiler Seminar

Military

Secret Clearance

Special Skills

Memory Logic, Reading & Interpretation Blue Prints, Problem Solving, Electronic Technology

Personal Profile: An experienced Heating & Cooling Engineer having substantial professional expertise in installing, Commissioning, Maintenance and Operations of most types of Heating and Cooling Systems which include hot and cold water supplies Steam, Chilled Water, High Temperature Water, Gas Supplies, Oil Supplies, Heat Recovery, High Purity Water Systems, Chemical Injection System, OSHA standards, MMS System, LIS System, P.M.’s, C.M.’s, Preventive Maintenance, Planning and completing projects. D.I. Water Systems.

 

 

 

 

Posted July 12, 2014 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

in Stock Jegging Joggings Women Lagy Leggingslarge Size 5xl Size (LEGGINGS-123)   Leave a comment

This items are in stock right now.
There are 3 colors:
black,gray and blue.
and have 8 size from s-5xl.
the size and colors are as below pics.
also the detials can find from below pics

US 3.00 each

 

in Stock Jegging Joggings Women Lagy Leggingslarge Size 5xl Size (LEGGINGS-123)

in Stock Jegging Joggings Women Lagy Leggingslarge Size 5xl Size (LEGGINGS-123)

 

in Stock Jegging Joggings Women Lagy Leggingslarge Size 5xl Size (LEGGINGS-123)

 

Posted April 13, 2014 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Tawas as deodorant   Leave a comment

 

Chemical Name : aluminum potassium sulfate 

Common Name : Alum, potassium alum, soda alum, ammonium alum and aluminum alum and Tawas.

Tawas Crystal

$1.99  usd plus shipping and handling

itsmemjadmilao@gmail.com

alvindavis99@gmail.com

alvindavis99.wordpress.com

Tawas is the tagalog term for alum, a chemically hydrated aluminum potassium sulfate that possesses a specific crystal shape. Tawas or alum (common English name) has a chemical formula KAl(SO4)2·12H2O.   It is non-toxic, has somewhat a sweet acidic taste that dissolves easily in water and reacts with acid. There are several types of tawas in the market like potassium alum, soda alum, ammonium alum and aluminum alum, but the more common is the potassium alum that most can buy in botika or health stores and from street vendors near churches in the Philippines.

Tawas or alum has varieties of uses. Tawas has industrial, cosmetic, culinary applications as well as some medicinal and health benefits.

 

Medicinal Uses for Tawas or Alum

Tawas or Alum used as adjutant in human vaccines
Tawas or alum is used in many human vaccines as an adjuvant based on its ability to enhance the body’s response to immunogens
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC97997/

Antibacterial action of Alum or Tawas
In a study published in “Indian Journal of Medical Research” 1996. Potash alum or tawas was found to inhibit the growth of pathogenic organisms in water that has the potential to cause epidemic. Such as V. cholerae  and V. cholerae.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8783521

Astringent action of Alum or Tawas
A study published in “Chemical Senses” 1994, identified alum (tawas) as one of the chemical compound that possess high astringency effect comparable or even better than gallic acid and citric acid.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8055264

Alum or Tawas used in the Treatment of Hemorrhage
In a study reported in  “Ann Chir Gynaecol”  1987, patients suffering from severe hemorrhage from the bladder were subjected to continuous irrigation with 1% alum solution.. Bleeding ceased in 8 patients, and was temporary in only one of these cases. In 2 patients with thrombocytopaenia the treatment failed. No side effects were noticed. Serum aluminum level was measured in one patient and the value was normal.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3674728

Tawas Health Benefits

Tawas as deodorant
Tawas is a safe natural way to control body odor or deodorant. Tawas is hypoallergenic, easily washable, it is not an antiperspirant thus it does not clog the skin pores. Tawas works by eliminating the odor causing bacteria so the body would not smell while maintaining the natural way of sweating. Tawas is applied by gently rubbing the crystal in the armpits or feet while the area is damp from showering or washing. Tawas leaves an invisible layer to the areas it is applied. The crystal has no scent and gives 24 hour protection.

Tawas as astringent
Tawas acts as astringent in small cuts to stop bleeding and infection.
Tawas is also used as a soothing agent during or after body hair removals by waxing or shaving.
Tawas is also used to treat hemorrhoids. Tawas powder dissolved in five parts water has been used to shrink hemorrhoids and stop them from bleeding
Powdered alum is commonly cited as a home remedy for canker sores.
.
Tawas as mouthwash
Tawas is also used as mouthwash to protect against tooth decay and gum diseases. Tawas is used as an ingredient in some toothpaste and commercial mouthwash.

 

Other uses of Tawas

Industrial Water Purification
Tawas is commonly used in industrial applications as an agent in water purification. Tawas is used in reducing the turbidity or cloudiness of water. When dissolved tawas is mixed with cloudy water, the suspended minerals and particles are attracted together by the action of tawas creating a heavy gelatinous substance that settle at the bottom called precipitates. The resulting clear water above is then ready for further filtration and purification.

Cosmetics
In the 1950s, men sporting crew cut or flattop hairstyles sometimes applied alum to their front short hairs as an alternative to pomade[citation needed]. When the hair dried, it would stay up all day.

Culinary
Alum powder may be used in pickling recipes as a preservative to maintain fruit and vegetable crispness.
Alum is used as the acidic component of some commercial baking powders.
Alum was used by bakers in England during the 1800s to make bread whiter.

Flame retardant
Solutions containing alum may be used to treat cloth, wood, and paper materials to increase their resistance to fire.
Alum is also a component of foamite.
Alum is also used in fire extinguishers to smother chemical and oil fires.

Tawas Side Effects, Warnings

Tawas is generally safe for topical use as deodorant, astringent, for mouthwash or for skin and sore wash  Tawas is safe for use even for infants, pregnant women and lactating mothers.

Effect of potash alum (aluminium potassium sulphate) on human semen and sperm.
However in a study reported in “Indian Journal of of Physiology and Pharmacology”  1998, different concentration of potash alum solution have different effects on sperm, motility/death and fructose level of the semen. Higher concentration have higher effects.

Posted March 12, 2014 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

A fate worse than death   Leave a comment

A fate worse than death

Meaning

Any misfortune that would make life unlivable, especially rape or loss of virginity. The phrase was formally a euphemism for rape.

Origin

This phrase originally attested to the belief that a dishonoured woman was better off dead. It is still used, but ironically of late. The earlier view was expressed in Gibbon’s Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, 1781:

“The matrons and virgins of Rome were exposed to injuries more dreadful, in the apprehension of chastity, than death itself.”

The current version of the phrase was used in several works from 1810 onward but was probably brought into public use via Edgar Rice Burroughs’ widely read Tarzan of the Apes, 1914:

“[The ape] threw her roughly across his broad, hairy shoulders, and leaped back into the trees, bearing Jane Porter away toward a fate a thousand times worse than death.”

 

Posted January 11, 2014 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

A drop in the bucket   Leave a comment

A drop in the bucket

Meaning

A very small proportion of the whole.

Origin

From the Bible, Isaiah 40:15 (King James Version):

“Behold, the nations are as a drop of a bucket, and are counted as the small dust of the balance: behold, he taketh up the isles as a very little thing.”

‘A drop in the bucket’ is the predecessor of ‘a drop in the ocean’, which means the same thing, and is first found in a piece from The Edinburgh Weekly Journal, July 1802:

“The votes for the appointment of Bonaparte to be Chief Consul for life are like a drop in the ocean compared with the aggregate of the population of France.”

Whether your students need review in reading, math or even math in Spanish, Drops in the Bucket make it easy for you. With 6 levels of reading and 6 levels of math, you’re sure to find exactly what your students need. Select the appropriate levels for your class not by a student’s age or grade, but by the student’s review levels. Whichever level seems right for your students, start one level lower. Firm up the foundation in skills, confidence, & attitude.

 

Posted January 11, 2014 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

A bunch of fives   2 comments

A bunch of fives

http://www.homelessnessolutions.com

 

A bunch of fives

Meaning

A  fist. The fives are the five fingers.

Origin

The phrase appears in print in 1825, in Charles Westmacott’s The English Spy:

“With their bunch of fives.”

It is also reported as appearing, slightly earlier, in Boxiana by Pierce Egan, 1821. Boxiana is a classic work on boxing history and folklore, and just the place to look for such a reference. It isn’t easy to obtain copies of it these days, so that hasn’t been confirmed.

9 WORDS RELATED TO BUNCH OF FIVES

 

Posted January 11, 2014 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

“BAD ENGLISH MISTAKES”   Leave a comment

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=2-CX7EOeBt4#t=5

 

 

Come to the Philippines and Learn English Well E & G International Language Center was founded on June 26, 2006. Its humble beginnings were braved by six teachers and five students. Since then, that number had grown sporadically. E & G is basically an ESL (English as a Secondary Language) school in Davao City. Its students originate mainly from South Korea and Japan. The students are taught the basics and dynamics of the English language. The school provides air-conditioned dormitory rooms, a dining hall which serves three square meals a day, numerous cubicles for both single and group classes, laundry services, room cleaning services, round-the-clock wifi service, competent office staff, a 24-hour CCTV system and security guard service. Despite the proliferation of various language centers around the country, E & G is an excellent choice by many prospective students. They are especially delighted about the breath-taking location of the school besides the sea fronting infamous Samal Island. The school is comfortably located nearby several huge malls and entertainment centers that provides relaxation for the students whenever they want to unwind. The locality is sprinkled with fast food and take-out counters as well as convenient outlets for immediate needs. The future goal of the school is to be able to bring in more students from South Korea and Japan and provide them with updated English teaching programs and bring it to a level of world-class compatibility. To know more you may visit our site at

http://www.engdavao.com/main/https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=2-CX7EOeBt4#t=3