Archive for June 2016

Homelessness to Riches?   Leave a comment

 

Homelessness to Riches?

 

 

Homeless in America

class group grown up 2Homelessness can be anyone around the world.  There are over 1.5 million every year just in America
this site will help you understand what homelessness is and how you can help.  This Web Site is not asking for money. but you can help in other ways.
Tom, a local teacher, became homeless for 30 days to raise awareness for the homeless. Here’s what happened when he tried to “Get a Job” with multiple college degrees and a degree from the US Navy.
Ten Things you can do to help Homeless People
#01.   Bring any type of Soap.  (Shampoo, Body Soap, Hand Soap).
#02.   Bring Towels  (All Sizes).
#03.   Bring Paper  ( tissue, Bathroom, Writing Paper, Note Book, Construction Paper).
#04.   Bring Cigerettes Rolling papers.
#05.   Jobs that can been done in your home.
#06.   Be a Sponcer to one person (Help Teach him or her how to make it in this new World).
#07.   Jobs that can help them find there own homes.
#08.   Clothing (ANY) Children to old men and women.
#09.   Bring Fruit Baskets like when Welcome Wagon brought when I was a child.
#10.   Bring Your LOVE not the HATE
 Most of the people that find themselves in a Shelter or the Salvation Army system are the ones that fall through the crack in a system with to many guild lines that is to protect each person.  That is where the problem fall’s short.  Back when I was young the Church is the ones that help all the people in the city and towns.  But today’s world I don’t see the churches doing what was done 40yr ago. we rely on the SSI Food Stamps, and Fed and state help, I do see a lot done for the shelter by church “FOOD” is one of the things they do very well.  And GOD see’s that I am sure.  What this web will do is give you a  insight of what is needed by you I am not asking for money.
I want you to go and see and talk to the homeless!! Don’t be scared!! They are more scared of you, then you of them.
Bring some of the things I listed above and give it out to them, Very easy they will be sitting outside until 4pm 7 days a week.
Ask there names, ask what do you need? very easy to do this.
 https://youtu.be/S7HT87U1hns?t=1                                                       https://youtu.be/S7HT87U1hns

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Posted June 22, 2016 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Homeless in America   Leave a comment

Homeless in America

Homelessness can be anyone around the world.  There are over 1.5 million every year just in America

this site will help you understand what homelessness is and how you can help.  This Web Site is not asking for money. but you can help in other ways.
Tom, a local teacher, became homeless for 30 days to raise awareness for the homeless. Here’s what happened when he tried to “Get a Job” with multiple college degrees and a degree from the US Navy.
Ten Things you can do to help Homeless People
#01.   Bring any type of Soap.  (Shampoo, Body Soap, Hand Soap).
#02.   Bring Towels  (All Sizes).
#03.   Bring Paper  ( tissue, Bathroom, Writing Paper, Note Book, Construction Paper).
#04.   Bring Cigerettes Rolling papers.
#05.   Jobs that can been done in your home.
#06.   Be a Sponcer to one person (Help Teach him or her how to make it in this new World).
#07.   Jobs that can help them find there own homes.
#08.   Clothing (ANY) Children to old men and women.
#09.   Bring Fruit Baskets like when Welcome Wagon brought when I was a child.
#10.   Bring Your LOVE not the HATE
 Most of the people that find themselves in a Shelter or the Salvation Army system are the ones that fall through the crack in a system with to many guild lines that is to protect each person.  That is where the problem fall’s short.  Back when I was young the Church is the ones that help all the people in the city and towns.  But today’s world I don’t see the churches doing what was done 40yr ago. we rely on the SSI Food Stamps, and Fed and state help, I do see a lot done for the shelter by church “FOOD” is one of the things they do very well.  And GOD see’s that I am sure.  What this web will do is give you a  insight of what is needed by you I am not asking for money.
I want you to go and see and talk to the homeless!! Don’t be scared!! They are more scared of you, then you of them.
Bring some of the things I listed above and give it out to them, Very easy they will be sitting outside until 4pm 7 days a week.
Ask there names, ask what do you need? very easy to do this.


If you still need Sir: there are 3000 homeless in the NWA area, many of them want to work and they will work all day 7 days a week, they want a chance to get out of homelessness

Supervisor is Serge 903-421-7695

girl’s want painting job’s 479-966-8943

many men want plumbing job’s 479-301-1842

there are 30 men and about 30 women that want work

Alvin

https://eslschoolforenglish.wordpress.com/2018/04/20/walk-a-mile-in-my-shoes-homeless-shoes/
HIRE THE HOMELESS
Solomon@7hillscenter.org

If you have ANY type of labor work that needs to be done big, small, ongoing, or 1 time, cash paid jobs. Give me a call/text anytime at or a free quote !

I am a jack of most labor trades.
I have experience and am skilled in-
Painting, Tile work, House remodeling, Flooring, RV repair, Moving,General Remodeling, Exterior painting, Sheet rock, ceiling repair,
Landscape, Organizing, Sales, Cleaning, Construction, Lawn care, Appliance installation, Counter tops,
Insulation, Project management, Sheet rock, Carpentry, Siding, Decking, Roofing, Furniture assembly,
Installing garage doors, Vehicle oil/brake changes,
And many other types of General Labor.
(no plumbing or electrical)

Posted June 22, 2016 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

If you fire white people saying the truth then you fire niggers for the same reason!!   Leave a comment

Racist Nigger’s can say anything, and not pulled on the carpet! what ass does she need to “KISS”

 

When Rosalind Brewer took the job as president and CEO of Sam’s Club in 2012, she became the first woman and the first African American to run a Wal-Mart Stores Inc. division, according to Forbes.

Not only has she been her own advocate, she has also been one for other women in corporate leadership, mentoring them both inside and outside her company. Diversity, Brewer has said, is important.

But after the Sam’s Club chief executive discussed the issue in a recent interview with CNN, some critics have deemed her “racist” toward white men and have threatened to boycott the members-only warehouse stores.

 

“As a white person I need a safe space from racist blacks,” one person wrote on Twitter. “I do not feel safe at Sam’s Club.”

The backlash stemmed from an interview with CNN’s Poppy Harlow, who asked:

You are are rarity in the corner office in America and it is something that so many people want to see change. Not only are you a female CEO; you’re a minority CEO. Where do you fall on who has to make the change and how it is going to happen so that there are more women like you represented in the top echelons of corporate America?

“AND” “PEOPLE” are screaming about “GUN”S look at the death toll per YEAR!! cars and alcohol and Tobacco!!!   Leave a comment

imgS10a

 

 

How many people die from marijuana?

Around 50,000 people die each year from alcohol poisoning. Similarly, more than 400,000 deaths each year are attributed to tobacco smoking. By comparison, marijuana is nontoxic and cannot cause death by overdose. Get the facts.

The United States is on track to have its deadliest traffic year since 2007, the National Safety Council says, with nearly 19,000 people killed as a result of motor vehicle accidents between January and June—a 14 percent increase over the same period last year. The number of injuries and the costs associated with traffic accidents also rose significantly, according to estimates from NSC’s statistics department released Monday.

Nearly 2.3 million “serious injuries,” which the NSC defines as those requiring medical consultation, were sustained during the six-month period, up 30 percent when compared with the first half of 2014. In a similar upward trend, the estimated costs of these crashes—including medical expenses, wage and productivity losses and property damage—increased 24 percent, to roughly $152 billion.

“ALASKA” has no “People shooting up Bar’s or Party’s they are “SMART” and ARMED!!   Leave a comment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Currently, Alaska gun laws do not require registration or permit to purchase or carry rifles, shotguns, and/or handguns. Although Alaska gun laws are still subject to federal gun laws, they also maintain their own unique provisions and guidelines.

In order to purchase a firearm in the state of Alaska, the main requirement is that the individual be at least 18 years of age. However, it is considered illegal to sell or transfer any firearm to people who have been found guilty of committing a felony. This statute also includes any individual who was tried as a minor, but if tried as an adult, the rendering would have resulted in a felony.

The only conditional circumstance is that if such an individual found was guilty of a felony, they may eventually become eligible to purchase a firearm, but only after ten years or more have passed since the date of sentencing. It is also considered illegal to sell a firearm to any person who may be under the influence of alcohol or drugs, or has a mental condition that would prohibit the use of a firearm.

Possession of firearms in the state closely resembles the regulations and guidelines of Alaska law for the purchase of shotguns, rifles, and handguns. There is no proper registration or permit required to possess a firearm. However, individuals who have been found guilty on felony charges are also prohibited from possessing firearms, unless such charges have occurred in over ten years time and been dismissed.

Other regulations seem a little more unique to the state of Alaska. Under law, it is illegal to posses a firearm on school grounds–either public or private–unless given strict permission to do so by the proper officials of the school or pertaining district. The only exception to this, is that an individual that is at least 21 years of age my possess a firearm in a vehicle.

Possession of firearms is also prohibited on other public and private grounds, such as government buildings–courthouse or courtroom–day care centers, and domestic violence and sexual abuse shelters.

It is also prohibited for any place that sells any kind of liquor to possess a loaded firearm on the premises. The only people that are held in exception are the owner or lessee, and the immediate employees while being on the site of the business.

Alaska gun laws allow for the carrying of a concealed handgun, as long as the person is over the age of 21 and meets the requirements to be considered eligible to possess a firearm.

A permit is not necessary; however, permits are available for those who want to be considered eligible to carry a concealed firearm in other states. The permit is available to those who have been residents of the state for over 90 days prior to the application, has not been convicted of two or more misdemeanors in the past six years, and has not been ordered to enter an alcohol treatment or drug abuse program currently or in within the past three years.

Posted June 12, 2016 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

“ALLOW” American’s to have “GUN”S WE CAN kill Muslim’s “BETTER” then “COP”S   2 comments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I support Brady Bill and closing the Charleston loophole CLINTON: I have been for the Brady bill; I have been against assault weapons. I have voted not to give gun makers and sellers immunity. And I would hope that [others] would join the Democrats who are trying to close the Charleston loophole. We need to move on this consensus that exists in the country. It’s no longer enough just to say the vast majority of Americans want common sense gun safety measures including gun owners.

OnTheIssues explanation: “The Charleston loophole” refers to a recent shooter in Charleston S.C. who legally purchased the weapon he used in the shooting because of a “default proceed” rule. That rule means, if the FBI does not notify the dealer within three days, the purchase can proceed. In the case of the Charleston shooter, he WAS on the FBI list due to previous arrests, but due to a clerical error by a county jail clerk reporting his arrest with the4 wrong agency, he was allowed to purchase the weapon.

Source: 2016 ABC/WMUR Democratic primary debate in N.H. , Dec 19, 2015

Reverse gun manufacturer immunity; let them get suedQ: You say that Senator Sanders took a vote on immunity that you don’t like. So if he can be tattooed by a single vote and that ruins all future opinions by him on this issue, why then isn’t he right when he says your wrong vote on Iraq tattoos you forever in your judgment?

CLINTON: I said I made a mistake on Iraq, and I would love to see Senator Sanders join with some of my Senate colleagues in addition the Senate that I see in the audience. Let’s reverse the immunity. Let’s put the gun makers and sellers on notice that they’re not going to get away with it.

SANDERS: Let’s do more than reverse the immunity.

Q: Was that a mistake, Senator?

SANDERS: Let me hear if there’s any difference between the Secretary and myself. I don’t know that there’s any disagreement here.

Source: 2015 CBS Democratic primary debate in Iowa , Nov 14, 2015  

“WHEN” America loses our gun’s it will be? like when the jews were put into trains..Do we stand and fight? or die like a dog   Leave a comment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hillary Clinton as Our secretary of State, Signed the UN Small Arms Treaty during the chaos of the Oil disastor in the gulf.   Leave a comment

“ARE” “WE” DOOMED???

Hey looks like president Obama and Secretary of state Hillary Clinton want to Find away around the constitution and ban all semiauto firearms and regulate import/export of ammunition. Figures, The UN Has the world “money power behind it” to see something like this through. Usurping our rights through international treaty. While Not Having direct effect on the individual they Bind our government to a Contract and Cut Off our Manufacturing and import export industry. This is a Global regime Backing this, NOT TO BE TAKEN LIGHTLY. Most people I know would say so what they cant by pass our constitution, Nobody’s gonna give up there guns, yadda, yadda, yadda. However think of it like this, IF “they” had a “plan for the world”……Just a paranoid Redneck’s thoughts.

Hillary is one of the lowest forms of life on the planet in this one man’s opinion. Only her self serving choice of scumbags for a husband is more egregious.

Any of ya’ll read, “Unlimited access”, to put it in perspective and understand who we are talking about and what she is capable of?

It is all about Hillary, not what is best for the US population. She does what ever it takes for her to win, without regard to the actual national goal. People have died around her after opposing her whims.

She is not alone, but there should be a picture of her in the dictionary beside lies, deceit, corruption, and self serving interests.

This is exactly what happens when the lowest of low life scum of the earth lawyers sit down and plot the overthrow of the constitution to fit their personal agenda.

Shame on us if we let them.

“To wear everyone out by dissensions, animosities, terror, feuds, famine, inoculation of diseases, want, until the Gentiles sees no other way of escape except by appeal to our money and our power.” (Protocol 10)

“The International government of the UN, stripped of it’s legal trimming, then, is really the International Government of the United States and the Soviet Union acting in Unison.” — From the American Jewish Committee’s official magazine “Commentary” of Nov. 1958, Pg. 376

“The drive of the Rockefellers and their allies is to create a one-world government, all under their control. Do I mean conspiracy? Yes I do. I am convinced there is such a plot, international in scope, generations old in planning, and incredibly evil in intent.” – Congressman Larry P. McDonald, 1976

“We will so wear out and exhaust the Gentiles by all this that they will be compelled to offer us an international authority, which by its position will enable us to absorb without disturbance all the governmental forces of the world and thus form a super-government.” (Protocol 5)

“We are on the verge of a global transformation. All we need is the right MAJOR CRISIS, and the nations will accept the NEW WORLD ORDER.” — David Rockefeller — Chairman, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)

“The adoption of democracy is fatal to good government, to liberty, to law and order, to respect for authority, and to religion, and must produce chaos from which a NEW WORLD tyranny will arise. You can never have revolution in order to establish a democracy. You must have democracy in order to have a revolution” ? Robert Welch – Republics and Democracies pg. 7

“We Jews, we are the destroyers and will remain the destroyers. Nothing you can do will meet our demands and needs. We will forever destroy because we want a world of our own.” (You Gentiles, by Jewish Author Maurice Samuels, p. 155).

I dont know about a grand conspiracy of mossad Jews doing all this but I do know all about the new world Order, And even the most naieve and ignorant people now are starting to wake up. Hell Obama just gave a west point presentation to our military commanders about how we are moving twards an “international Order”. My God, If these people are serious in thier views about Agenda 21(on the Un’s website) and they are ever so serious. We are gonna be in for a Loooong fight and It wont be with fists.

The Gerund – English Grammar   Leave a comment

imgS13

 

1. What is the Gerund?

-ing form used as a noun

2. Form

infinitive + -ing

3. Examples

  • Gerund as Subject:

    Going to parties is fun.

  • Gerund as Object:

    I enjoy reading.

4. Gerund after the following verbs

  • admit

    He admitted having driven too fast.

  • avoid

    They avoid going on holiday on Saturdays.

  • carry on

    If we carry on sleeping so badly, we may need help.

  • consider

    Ralph is considering buying a new house.

  • delay

    I delayed telling Max the news.

  • deny

    She denies reading the book.

  • dislike

    We dislike reading poems.

  • can’t/couldn’t help

    He couldn’t help falling in love with her.

  • enjoy

    I enjoy playing chess.

  • finish

    They finished working in the garden.

  • give up

    Susan gives up playing ice-hockey.

  • imagine

    He imagined driving a new car.

  • include

    Your responsibility includes taking reservations on the phone.

  • involve

    The project will involve growing plants.

  • justify

    I cannot justify paying $100 for this ticket.

  • keep (on)

    They keep on running.

  • mention

    Did Alex ever mention playing baseball?

  • mind

    I don’t mind sleeping on the couch.

  • miss

    They miss playing with their friends.

  • practise

    She practised playing hockey.

  • regret*

    Do you regret having mentioned it?

  • risk

    You risk catching a cold.

  • suggest

    She suggested flying to Cairo.

* After regret the to-infinitive is used when announcing bad news: We regret to inform you that the flight to Munich has been cancelled.

5. Gerund after special phrases

  • to be busy

    He is busy reading the paper.

  • don’t mind

    I don’t mind telling them my opinion.

  • feel like

    We feel like having a cup of tea.

  • how about

    How about walking home instead of taking the car?

  • it’s (no) good

    It’s no good talking to this girl.

  • it’s no use

    It’s no use talking to the headmaster.

  • spend one’s time

    They spend their time reading.

  • there’s no

    There’s no cheating anymore.

  • there’s no point

    There’s no point in complaining further.

  • what about

    What about going to the zoo?

  • worth

    The book is worth reading.

Conditional sentences are sometimes confusing for learners of English as a second language.   Leave a comment

 

Conditional sentences

Conditional sentences are sometimes confusing for learners of English as a second language.

Watch out:

  1. Which type of conditional sentences is it?
  2. Where is the if-clause (e.g. at the beginning or at the end of the conditional sentence)?

There are three types of conditional sentences.

type condition
I condition possible to fulfill
II condition in theory possible to fulfill
III condition not possible to fulfill (too late)

1. Form

type if-clause main clause
I Simple Present will-future or (Modal + infinitive)
II Simple Past would + infinitive *
III Past Perfect would + have + past participle *

2. Examples (if-clause at the beginning)

type if clause main clause
I If I study, I will pass the exam.
II If I studied, I would pass the exam.
III If I had studied, I would have passed the exam.

3. Examples (if-clause at the end)

type main clause if-clause
I I will pass the exam if I study.
II I would pass the exam if I studied.
III I would have passed the exam if I had studied.

4. Examples (affirmative and negative sentences)

type Examples
long forms short/contracted forms
I + If I study, I will pass the exam. If I study, I‘ll pass the exam.
If I study, I will not fail the exam.
If I do not study, I will fail the exam.
If I study, I won’t fail the exam.
If I don’t study, I‘ll fail the exam.
II + If I studied, I would pass the exam. If I studied, I‘d pass the exam.
If I studied, I would not fail the exam.
If I did not study, I would fail the exam.
If I studied, I wouldn’t fail the exam.
If I didn’t study, I‘d fail the exam.
III + If I had studied, I would have passed the exam. If I‘d studied, I‘d have passed the exam.
If I had studied, I would not have failed the exam.
If I had not studied, I would have failed the exam.
If I‘d studied, I wouldn’t have failed the exam.
If I hadn’t studied, I‘d have failed the exam.

* We can substitute could or might for would (should, may or must are sometimes possible, too).

  • I would pass the exam.
  • I could pass the exam.
  • I might pass the exam.
  • I may pass the exam.
  • I should pass the exam.
  • I must pass the exam.

 

How conditional sentences are mixed

Unreal conditionals (type II + III) sometimes can be mixed, that is, the time of the if clause is different from the one of the main clause.

1. Past → Present

  • If I had taken an aspirin, I wouldn’t have a headache now.

2. Past → Future

  • If I had known that you are going to come by tomorrow, I would be in then.

3. Present → Past

  • If she had enough money, she could have done this trip to Hawaii.

4. Present → Future

  • If I were you, I would be spending my vacation in Seattle.

5. Future → Past

  • If I weren’t flying to Detroit, I would have planned a trip to Vancouver.

6. Future → Present

  • If I were taking this exam next week, I would be high-strung.

 

Grammar, Vocabulary, Exercises, Tests, Games You will find a lot of information about the English language on this site. You can learn English words, practise grammar, look at some basic rules, prepare for exams, do tests or just have fun playing games. Enjoy yourself with more than 800 exercises online.   Leave a comment

imgT2

 

 

1. What are adjectives?

Adjectives tell us something about a person or a thing.

2. What do adjectives modify?

Adjectives can modify nouns or pronouns/names.

person thing
Mandy is a careful girl. This is a nice car.
Mandy is careful. The car is nice.
She is careful. It is nice.

3. Where do adjectives go?

An adjective can be put before the noun. Then it is an attribute.

person thing
Mandy is a careful girl. This is a nice car.

An adjective can be put after the verb to be (is). This is called predicative position.

person thing
The girl is careful. This car is nice.

Adjectives can go after the following verbs:

  • appear
  • become
  • feel
  • get
  • go
  • keep
  • turn

When we speak about what something looks like, smells, sounds and tastes – we use the adjective. Mind the difference between adjective and adverb.

  • I feel great.
  • She looks good.
  • It seems impossible.
  • The steak smells fantastic.

4. Can adjectives be used without nouns?

Yes, adjectives can be used without nouns. Mind the definite article the:

  • the rich = rich people

Here is an example from the fairy tale Cinderella:

  • “The good must be put in the dish, the bad you may eat if you wish.”

Here is another example with nationalities in the plural:

  • The Scottish live in the North of the United Kingdom.

5. Can two or more adjectives be used together?

Yes, if you use more adjectives you can put them in front of the noun:

  • a fat old cat

or you can put them after the verb (e.g. to be). In this case and is placed between the last two adjectives.

  • It was cold, wet and windy.

6. Adjectives, ending in -ing and -ed

There are adjectives ending in -ing and -ed. These are participle constructions, used like adjectives. Here are some examples:

A) Here the adjective is put before the noun:

  • Yesterday I read an amusing story in a magazine.
  • Doris has a boring job.
  • We watched the group of excited people.

B) Here the adjective is put after the verb:

  • I was not at all amused by the discussion.
  • Children get bored very quickly.
  • The end of the film was really exciting for me.

The definite article – the

The definite article the is the same for all genders in singular and in plural.

  • the boy
  • the girl
  • the cat
  • the computers

If the following word begins with a consonant, we speak [ðə], if the following word begins with a vowel, we speak [ði:].

[ðə] [ði:]
the following word starts with a spoken consonant

  • the girl
  • the book
  • the school
the following word starts with a spoken vowel

  • the English girl
  • the orange book
  • the old school
Compare the following words:
Here [j] is pronounced at the beginning of the word → the unit Here [ʌ] is pronounced at the beginning of the word → the uncle

We have listed some examples in the following table. There you can see when we use the definite article and when we don’t.

without the definite article with the definite article – the
general words (indefinite)

  • Life is too short.
  • I like flowers.
general words (definite)

  • I’ve read a book on the life of Bill Clinton.
  • I like the flowers in your garden.
names of persons on the singular, relatives

  • Peter and John live in London.
  • Aunt Mary lives in Los Angeles.
family names in the plural

  • The Smiths live in Chicago.
public buildings, institutions, means of transport (indefinite)

  • Mandy doesn’t like school.
  • We go to school by bus.
  • Some people go to church on Sundays.
public buildings, institutions, means of transport (definite)

  • The school that Mandy goes to is old.
  • The bus to Dresden leaves at 7.40.
  • The round church in Klingenthal is famous.
names of countries in the singular, summits of mountains, continents, towns

  • Germany
  • France
  • Mount Whitney
  • Mount McKinley
  • Africa
  • Europe
  • Cairo
  • New York
names of countries in the plural, mountain ranges, regions

  • the United States of America
  • the Netherlands
  • the Highlands
  • the Rocky Mountains
  • the Alps
  • the Middle East
  • the west of Australia
single islands

  • Corfu
  • Bermuda
  • Sicily
groups of islands

  • the Bahamas
  • the British Isles
  • the Canaries
parks, lakes, streets

  • Central Park
  • Hyde Park
  • Lake Michigan
  • Loch Ness
  • 42nd Street
  • Oxford Street
names with of-phrase, names in plural, well-known buildings, oceans, seas, rivers, musical instruments, newspapers

  • the Statue of Liberty
  • the Tower (of London)
  • the Great Lakes
  • the Empire State Building
  • the Isle of Wight
  • the Atlantic (Ocean)
  • the Mediterranean (Sea)
  • the Nile
  • the Rhine
  • the Suez Canal
  • the piano
  • the Times
months, days of the week (indefinite)

  • The weekend is over on Monday morning.
  • July and August are the most popular months for holidays.
months, days of the week (definite)

  • I always remember the Monday when I had an accident.
  • The August of 2001 was hot and dry.

We use the seasons of the year (spring, summer, autumn, winter) with or without the definite article.

  • in summer
  • in the summer

The American English word fall is always used with the definite article the.


Sometimes we use the article and sometimes we do not. It often depends on the context. Watch the following example:

  1. The student goes to school.
  2. The mother goes to the school.

In the first sentence we do not use the definite article, in the second we do. The student goes to school for its primary purpose, so we do not use the article.

The mother might talk to a teacher, for example. She visits the school for a different reason. That’s why we use the definite article the in the second sentence.

 

Posted June 5, 2016 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

AMERICAN INDIAN, SOME TRUTH ABOUT HOW THEY HELPED THE AMERICA’S   Leave a comment

 

“Native American” redirects here. For people native to the United States, see Natural-born-citizen clause. For the political party, see Know Nothing. For other indigenous peoples of the Americas, see Indigenous peoples of the Americas.
“American Indian” redirects here. For other uses, see American Indian (disambiguation).
Native Americans
Total population
American Indian and Alaska Native (2010 Census Bureau)[1]
One race: 2,932,248 are registered
In combination with one or more of the other races listed: 2,288,331
Total: 5,220,579
Regions with significant populations
Predominantly in the Western United States; small but significant communities also exist in the Eastern United States
Languages
Native American languages (including Navajo, Central Alaskan Yup’ik, Dakota, Western Apache, Keres, Cherokee, Zuni, Ojibwe, O’odham[2]), English, Spanish
Religion
Native American Church
Protestant
Roman Catholic
Russian Orthodox
Traditional Ceremonial Ways
(Unique to Specific Tribe or Band)
Related ethnic groups
Aboriginal peoples in Canada, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Metis, Mestizo, Native American Latin Americans

In the United States, Native Americans are considered to be people whose pre-Columbian ancestors were indigenous to the lands within the nation’s modern boundaries. These peoples were composed of numerous distinct tribes, bands, and ethnic groups, and many of these groups survive intact today as sovereign nations.

The terms Native Americans use to refer to themselves vary regionally and generationally, with many older Native Americans self-identifying as “Indians” or “American Indians”, while younger Native Americans often identify as “Indigenous” or “Aboriginal.” Which terms should be used to refer to Native Americans has at times been controversial. The term “Native American” has been adopted by major newspapers and some academic groups, but has not traditionally included Native Hawaiians or certain Alaskan Natives, such as Aleut, Yup’ik, or Inuit peoples. Indigenous American peoples from Canada are known as First Nations.

Since the end of the 15th century, the migration of Europeans to the Americas has led to centuries of exchange and adjustment between Old and New World societies. Most Native American groups had historically preserved their histories by oral traditions and artwork, which has resulted in the first written sources on the conflict being authored by Europeans.[3]

At the time of first contact, the indigenous cultures were quite different from those of the proto-industrial and mostly Christian immigrants. Some of the Northeastern and Southwestern cultures in particular were matrilineal and operated on a more collective basis than the Europeans were familiar with. The majority of Indigenous American tribes maintained their hunting grounds and agricultural lands for use of the entire tribe. Europeans at that time had patriarchal cultures and had developed concepts of individual property rights with respect to land that were extremely different. The differences in cultures between the established Native Americans and immigrant Europeans, as well as shifting alliances among different nations in times of war, caused extensive political tension, ethnic violence, and social disruption. Even before the European settlement of what is now the United States, Native Americans suffered high fatalities from contact with European diseases spread throughout the Americas by the Spanish to which they had yet not acquired immunity. Smallpox epidemics are thought to have caused the greatest loss of life for indigenous populations, although estimates of the pre-Columbian population of what today constitutes the U.S. vary significantly, from one million to eighteen million.[4][5]

After the thirteen colonies revolted against Great Britain and established the United States of America, President George Washington and Henry Knox conceived of the idea of “civilizing” Native Americans in preparation for assimilation as U.S. citizens.[6][7][8][9][10] Assimilation (whether voluntary, as with the Choctaw,[11][12] or forced) became a consistent policy through American administrations. During the 19th century, the ideology of manifest destiny became integral to the American nationalist movement. Expansion of European-American populations to the west after the American Revolution resulted in increasing pressure on Native American lands, warfare between the groups, and rising tensions. In 1830, the U.S. Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, authorizing the government to relocate Native Americans from their homelands within established states to lands west of the Mississippi River, accommodating European-American expansion. This resulted in the ethnic cleansing of many tribes, with the brutal, forced marches coming to be known as The Trail of Tears.

As American expansion reached into the West, settler and miner migrants came into increasing conflict with the Great Basin, Great Plains, and other Western tribes. These were complex nomadic cultures based on (introduced) horse culture and seasonal bison hunting. They carried out resistance against United States incursion in the decades after the completion of the Civil War and the Transcontinental Railroad in a series of Indian Wars, which were frequent up until the 1890s but continued into the 20th century. Over time, the United States forced a series of treaties and land cessions by the tribes and established reservations for them in many western states. U.S. agents encouraged Native Americans to adopt European-style farming and similar pursuits, but European-American agricultural technology of the time was inadequate for often dry reservation lands, leading to mass starvation. In 1924, Native Americans who were not already U.S. citizens were granted citizenship by Congress.

Contemporary Native Americans have a unique relationship with the United States because they may be members of nations, tribes, or bands with sovereignty and treaty rights. Cultural activism since the late 1960s has increased political participation and led to an expansion of efforts to teach and preserve Indigenous languages for younger generations and to establish a greater cultural infrastructure: Native Americans have founded independent newspapers and online media, recently including First Nations Experience, the first Native American television channel;[13] established Native American studies programs, tribal schools and universities, and museums and language programs; and have increasingly been published as authors.

Posted June 5, 2016 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

Tagged with , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,