Common English Irregular Verbs List   1 comment

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Cover of English Verbs

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Common English Irregular Verbs ListEnglish verbs have the base form (Infinitive), the simple past and the past participle. For most of the verbs (regular verbs), the simple past and the past participle are spelled the same and are created by adding -ed to the base form. However, there are many irregular verbs in English language which do not match to this pattern. Those verbs are mostly unpredictable, it is hard to derive them on the fly as you talk. There are some patterns among them (spring-sprang, drink-drank,…), (blow-blew, know-knew,…) but it is still hard to use those patterns as rules. The only way to learn irregular verbs is to memorize them.
More about verbs here – explanation of principal parts of verbs, regular and irregular verbs, action and linking verbs, transitive and intransitive verbs, complete, main and helping (auxiliary) verbs, the verb “To Be”. Look at English Verb Tenses

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Infinitive Simple Past Past Participle
  A

arise arose arisen
awake awoke awoken
  B

be was,were been
bear bore borne,born
beat beat beaten
become became become
begin began begun
bend bent bent
bet bet bet
bid bid bid
bind bound bound
bite bit bitten
bleed bled bled
blow blew blown
break broke broken
breed bred bred
bring brought brought
broadcast broadcast broadcast
build built built
burn burned,burnt burned,burnt
burst burst burst
buy bought bought
  C

cast cast cast
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
cling clung clung
come came come
cost cost cost
creep crept crept
cut cut cut
  D

deal dealt dealt
dig dug dug
do did done
draw drew drawn
dream dreamed,dreamt dreamed,dreamt
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
  E

eat ate eaten
  F

fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
fit fit fit
flee fled fled
fling flung flung
fly flew flown
forbid forbade forbidden
forecast forecast forecast
foretell foretold foretold
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
forsake forsook forsaken
freeze froze frozen
  G

get got gotten,got
give gave given
go went gone
grind ground ground
grow grew grown
  H

hang hung hung
have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
  K

keep kept kept
kneel knelt,kneeled knelt,kneeled
knit knit,knitted knit,knitted
know knew known
  L

lay laid laid
lead led led
lean leaned,leant leaned,leant
leap leaped,leapt leaped,leapt
learn learned,learnt learned,learnt
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie lay lain
light lighted,lit lighted,lit
lose lost lost
  M

make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
Infinitive Simple Past Past Participle
  M

mislay mislaid mislaid
mistake mistook mistaken
  O

overtake overtook overtaken
  P

pay paid paid
prove proved proved,proven
put put put
  Q

quit quit quit
  R

read read read
rid rid,ridded rid,ridded
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run
  S

saw sawed sawed,sawn
say said said
see saw seen
seek sought sought
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sew sewed sewn,sewed
shake shook shaken
shave shaved shaved,shaven
shear sheared sheared,shorn
shine shone shone
shoot shot shot
show showed showed,shown
shrink shrank shrunk
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sink sank,sunk sunk
sit sat sat
slay slew slain
sleep slept slept
slide slid slid
slit slit slit
smell smelled,smelt smelled,smelt
sneak sneaked,snuck sneaked,snuck
speak spoke spoken
speed sped sped
spell spelled,spelt spelled,spelt
spend spent spent
spill spilled,spilt spilled,spilt
spin spun spun
spit spat,spit spat,spit
split split split
spoil spoiled,spoilt spoiled,spoilt
spread spread spread
spring sprang sprung
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
stick stuck stuck
sting stung stung
stink stank,stunk stunk
strew strewed strewn
strike struck struck,stricken
string strung strung
strive strove striven
swear swore sworn
sweep swept swept
swell swelled swelled,swollen
swim swam swum
swing swung swung
  T

take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
thrust thrust thrust
  U

undergo underwent undergone
understand understood understood
undertake undertook undertaken
upset upset upset
  W

wake woke woken
wear wore worn
weave wove,weaved woven,weaved
weep wept wept
wet wet,wetted wet,wetted
win won won
wind wound wound
withdraw withdrew withdrawn
wring wrung wrung
write wrote written

One response to “Common English Irregular Verbs List

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  1. Pingback: Simple Tenses prevail in Technical English – ViCTE Newsletter Number 41 / October 2012 « Train Technical English

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