What comes to mind when you hear the word ‘time’?   Leave a comment

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What comes to mind when you hear the word ‘time’?

What comes to mind when you hear the word ‘time’?
2) How often do you think about time?
3) Do you ever waste your time?
4) Do you have enough time to do the things you want to do?
5) Does time fly when you’re having fun?
6) Do you ever think life is a race against time?
7) What stage(s) in our life do we have all the time in the world?
8) Do you agree that time will tell?
9) Douglas Adams said: “Time is an illusion. Lunchtime doubly so.” Do you agree?
10) Einstein said: “The only reason for time is so that everything doesn’t happen at once.” What do you think of this quote?

 

 

 

1) How do you like to spend time?
2) Does it annoy you when people take their time doing things?
3) How much spare time do you have every day?
4) What is the most time-consuming thing you do in your life?
5) What do you do to kill time?
6) Is time on your side?
7) Have you ever been in the right place at the right time?
8) Do you agree that there’s no time like the present?
9) Alice Bloch said: “We say we waste time, but that is impossible. We waste ourselves.” Do you agree?
10) Seneca said: “Time discovers truth.” Do you agree?

 

The Beginning of Time

    The Egyptians were the first people who created a twenty-four hour day.  Time was a little bit different in those days.  The night was divided up into twelve hours, which were designated by the position of stars in the sky.  The day was divided into ten hours and a shadow clock was used to keep track of these hours.  The twilight hours were the hours before dawn and after sunset.

The Egyptians thought they were the first to invent the shadow clock, but they were mistaken.  At the same time, the Chinese, Babylonians, Greeks and the Romans were using instruments to tell time.  Sundials were used in some of these groups, not because they work better, just because that’s how they decided to tell time.

   After a while, the Egyptians and other ancient societies realized that the sun rose and set in different places in the summer and winter.  In fact, the sun never took the same course on any one day throughout the year!  They tried everything, until they realized that if they would just put the post of the sundial in at a special angle, it would work all year.  

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The Sands of Time

 

     The major fault with sundials and shadow clocks is obvious…They don’t work at night!  Amenophis I, the king of Egypt, wanted to know what time it was all through the night without having to check the position of the stars.  As you can imagine, it would be inconvenient to get up and out of bed every time you want to know the time.  So, Prince Amenemhet made the king a clepsydra or a water clock.  He took a big bucket of water, filled it with water up to a specific line.  He then cut a small hole in the bottom of the bucket and marked off lines on the bucket after each hour had passed. 

    There were, of course, some problems with this water clock as well.  Water would flow more slowly or quickly when the temperature changed.  This is where sand came into effect.  The inventor of the sand clock is unknown but the sand clock or hourglass was commonly used in ancient times and is still used today.  They are often found in board games or are used as kitchen timers.  Is there an hourglass in your home?

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The First Tick

    The first mechanical clocks had a weight that would slowly lower, moving gears which moved a hand which showed the hour.  They could only be build in tall towers because the weights needed to fall a great distance or else the clocks would only work for a short amount of time.   People were amazed that these clocks were only off about 2 hours a day.  Think if our clocks today were off by that much?  If we were 2 hours late for school, we could blame it on the clock. 

    While these clocks were inaccurate long ago, some of them were created with such care that they still work today.  In Normandy, France, a big clock exists that was built in 1389.  In Salisbury, England you can see the oldest clock in the world, built in 1386.  Today, cuckoo clocks are still built using a weight-dropping mechanism.

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Galileo’s Discovery

   Galileo made an amazing contribution to the world of time, simply by not paying attention in church.  The year was 1581 and Galileo was 17.  He was standing in the Cathedral of Pisa watching the huge chandelier swinging back and forth from the ceiling of the cathedral.  Galileo noticed that no matter how short or long the arc of the chandelier was, it took exactly the same amount of time to complete a full swing.  

The chandelier gave Galileo the idea to create a pendulum clock.  While the clock would eventually run of energy, it would keep accurate time until the pendulum stopped.  If the pendulum was set swinging again before it stopped, there would never be a loss in accuracy.  Because of this, pendulums caught on and are still widely used today.   Can you imagine making such a big discovery?

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The Contest

   When sailors sailed across the ocean, they could only tell their position using two methods.  When they were traveling from North to South, they could tell their position using Polaris, the North Star.  But, when they were traveling from East to West, they ran into a problem.  Pendulum clocks couldn’t be used because the pendulums were highly sensitive and could be easily shaken, making the clocks inaccurate.   In 1707, a British fleet crashed into the Scilly Islands, killing two thousand soldiers and destroying four ships.  Seven years late, the British government offered twenty thousand pounds to whoever built a clock that would keep accurate time at sea.   This clock would have to be accurate to the second, so as to avoid another unfortunate accident.

    John Harrison, a carpenter, was the winner of the contest.  In 1728, John heard about the contest and began work on a solution.  Thirty-three years and three enormous clocks, John’s small fourth clock was tested.  When the testing crew arrived in Jamaica 161 days later, the clock was only five seconds off.  John Harrison collected his prize money at the age of seventy-nine.

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Time for Change

   Since 1761, timekeeping has significantly changed.  In 1900, pendulum clocks had been finely tuned so as to only be off by 1/100 of a second each day.  In the ’20s, scientists discovered quartz crystals could keep even more accurate time than a pendulum and were only off about 1/500 of a second each year.  Half way through the 20th century, atomic clocks were built that would only be off by one second every 300 million years.   Who really needs a clock that accurate? 

    It is evident that times have certainly changed.  Clocks have made major leaps and bounds since the days of the shadow clock.  Now we have accurate, reliable clocks that we can use day and night.   Some of our clocks will run for years without so much as a change of batteries or a twist of a little knob.  We have certainly developed the concept of time and incorporated it into every moment of our lives.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Posted December 17, 2015 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

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Verbs, Adjectives & Prepositions   Leave a comment

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“WHAT” CAN YOU DO TO HELP THE HOMELESS??   Leave a comment

http://www.homelessnessolutions.com

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The world of the homeless seems very far from yours — but in some ways it is quite near. For any of us, the loss of a job, the death of a spouse or a child or a severe physical disability could be the route to total despair. These are the very tragedies that have happened to many homeless people. Struck by personal tragedies, the people in shelters across America, have lost their homes and been deserted by the families and friends they once had. What can you do to help them? Sometimes the smallest can go a long way.

  1. Understand who the homeless are – Help dispel the stereotypes about the homeless. Learn about the different reasons for homelessness, and remember, every situation is unique.
  2. Educate yourself about the homeless – A homeless person may be someone who lost their job, a runaway child, or someone with a mental illness. One of the first steps in helping people is to see them as individuals and to find out what they need. Notice them; talk to them. Most are starved for attention.
  3. Respect the homeless as individuals – Give the homeless people the same courtesy and respect you would accord your friends, your family, your employer. Treat them as you would wish to be treated if you needed assistance.
  4. Respond with kindness – We can make quite a difference in the lives of the homeless when we respond to them, rather than ignore or dismiss them. Try a kind word and a smile.
  5. Develop lists of shelters – Carry a card that lists local shelters so you can hand them out to the homeless. You can find shelters in your phone book.
  6. Buy Street SheetThis biweekly newspaper is sold in almost every major American city and is intended to help the homeless help themselves. For every paper sold, the homeless earn five cents deposited in a special savings account earmarked for rent.
  7. Bring food – It’s as simple as taking a few extra sandwiches when you go out. When you pass someone who asks for change, offer him or her something to eat. If you take a lunch, pack a little extra. When you eat at a restaurant, order something to take with you when you leave.
  8. Give money – One of the most direct ways to aid the homeless is to give money. Donations to nonprofit organizations that serve the homeless go a long way.
  9. Give recyclables – In localities where there is a “bottle law,” collecting recyclable cans and bottles is often the only “job” available to the homeless. But it is an honest job that requires initiative. You can help by saving your recyclable bottles, cans, and newspapers and giving them to the homeless instead of taking them to a recycling center or leaving them out for collection. If you live in a larger city, you may wish to leave your recyclables outside for the homeless to pick up — or give a bagful of cans to a homeless person in your neighborhood.
  10. Donate clothing – Next time you do your spring or fall cleaning, keep an eye out for those clothes that you no longer wear. If these items are in good shape, gather them together and donate them to organizations that provide housing for the homeless.
  11. Donate a bag of groceries – Load up a bag full of nonperishable groceries, and donate it to a food drive in your area. If your community doesn’t have a food drive, organize one. Contact your local soup kitchens, shelters, and homeless societies and ask what kind of food donations they would like.
  12. Donate toys – Children living in shelters have few possessions –if any– including toys. Homeless parents have more urgent demands on what little money they have, such as food and clothing. So often these children have nothing to play with and little to occupy their time. You can donate toys, books, and games to family shelters to distribute to homeless children. For Christmas or Chanukah, ask your friends and co-workers to buy and wrap gifts for homeless children.
  13. Volunteer at a shelter – Shelters thrive on the work of volunteers, from those who sign people in, to those who serve meals, to others who counsel the homeless on where to get social services. For the homeless, a shelter can be as little as a place to sleep out of the rain or as much as a step forward to self-sufficiency.
  14. Volunteer at a soup kitchen – Soup kitchens provide one of the basics of life, nourishing meals for the homeless and other disadvantaged members of the community. Volunteers generally do much of the work, including picking up donations of food, preparing meals, serving it, and cleaning up afterward. To volunteer your services, contact you local soup kitchen, mobile food program, shelter, or religious center.
  15. Volunteer your professional services – No matter what you do for a living, you can help the homeless with your on-the-job talents and skills. Those with clerical skills can train those with little skills. Doctors, psychiatrists, counselors, and dentists can treat the homeless in clinics. Lawyers can help with legal concerns. The homeless’ needs are bountiful — your time and talent won’t be wasted.
  16. Volunteer your hobbies – Every one of us has something we can give the homeless. Wherever our interests may lie — cooking, repairing, gardening, and photography — we can use them for the homeless. Through our hobbies, we can teach them useful skills, introduce them to new avocations and perhaps point them in a new direction.
  17. Volunteer for follow-up programs – Some homeless people, particularly those who have been on the street for a while, may need help with fundamental tasks such as paying bills, balancing a household budget, or cleaning. Follow-up programs to give the formerly homeless further advice, counseling, and other services need volunteers.
  18. Tutor homeless children – A tutor can make all the difference. Just having adult attention can spur children to do their best. Many programs exist in shelters, transitional housing programs, and schools that require interested volunteers. Or begin you own tutor volunteer corps at your local shelter. It takes nothing more than a little time.
  19. Take homeless children on trips – Frequently, the only environment a homeless child knows is that of the street, shelters, or other transitory housing. Outside of school — if they attend — these children have little exposure to many of the simple pleasures that most kids have. Volunteer at your local family shelter to take children skating or to an aquarium on the weekend.
  20. Volunteer at battered women’s shelter – Most battered women are involved in relationships with abusive husbands or other family members. Lacking resources and afraid of being found by their abusers, many may have no recourse other than a shelter or life on the streets once they leave home. Volunteers handle shelter hotlines, pick up abused women and their children when they call, keep house, and offer counseling. Call your local shelter for battered women to see how you can help.
  21. Teach about the homeless – If you do volunteer work with the homeless, you can become an enthusiast and extend your enthusiasm to others. You can infect others with your own sense of devotion by writing letters to the editor of your local paper and by pressing housing issues at election time.
  22. Publish shelter information – Despite all of our efforts to spread the word about shelters, it is surprising how many people are unaware of their own local shelters. Contact your local newspapers, church or synagogue bulletins, or civic group’s newsletters about the possibility of running a weekly or monthly listing of area services available to the homeless. This could include each organization’s particular needs for volunteers, food, and other donations.
  23. Educate your children about the homeless – Help your children to see the homeless as people. If you do volunteer work, take your sons and daughters along so they can meet with homeless people and see what can be done to help them. Volunteer as a family in a soup kitchen or shelter. Suggest that they sort through the toys, books, and clothes they no longer use and donate them to organizations that assist the poor.
  24. Sign up your company/school – Ask your company or school to host fund-raising events, such as raffles or craft sales and donate the proceeds to nonprofit organizations that aid the homeless. You can also ask your company or school to match whatever funds you and your co-workers or friends can raise to help the homeless.
  25. Recruit local business – One of the easiest ways to involve local businesses is to organize food and/or clothing drives. Contact local organizations to find out what is needed, approach local grocery or clothing shops about setting up containers on their premises in which people can drop off donations, ask local businesses to donate goods to the drive, and publicize the drive by placing announcements in local papers and on community bulletin boards and by posting signs and posters around your neighborhood.
  26. Create lists of needed donations – Call all the organizations in your community that aid the homeless and ask them what supplies they need on a regular basis. Make a list for each organization, along with its address, telephone number, and the name of a contact person. Then mail these lists to community organizations that may wish to help with donations — every place from religious centers to children’s organizations such as Girl Scouts and Boy Scouts.
  27. Play with children in a shelter – Many children in shelters are cut off from others their own age. Shuffled from place to place, sometimes these kids don’t attend school on a regular basis, and have no contact with other kids. Bring a little joy to their lives by taking your children to a local shelter to play. Plan activities such as coloring, playing with dolls, or building model cars (take along whatever toys you’ll need). Your own children will benefit too.
  28. Employ the homeless – Help Wanted – General Office Work. Welfare recipient, parolee, ex-addict OK. Good salary, benefits. Will train. That’s the way Wildcat Service Corporations Supported Work Program invites the “unemployable” to learn to work and the program works! More than half the people who sign on find permanent, well-paying jobs, often in maintenance, construction, clerical, or security work.
  29. Help the homeless apply for aid – Governmental aid is available for homeless people, but many may not know where to find it or how to apply. Since they don’t have a mailing address, governmental agencies may not be able to reach them. You can help by directing the homeless to intermediaries, such as homeless organizations, that let them know what aid is available and help them to apply for it. If you want to be an advocate or intermediary for the homeless yourself, you can contact these organizations as well.
  30. Stand up for the civil rights of the homeless – In recent elections, for example, volunteers at shelters and elsewhere helped homeless people register to vote . . . even though they had “no fixed address” at the moment. Some officials would not permit citizens without a permanent address to vote.
  31. Join Habitat for Humanity This Christian housing ministry builds houses for families in danger of becoming homeless. Volunteers from the community and Habitat homeowners erect the houses. Funding is through donations from churches, corporations, foundations, and individuals.
  32. Form a transitional housing program – One of the most potent homeless-prevention services a community can offer residents who are in danger of eviction is a transitional housing program. These programs help people hang on to their current residences or assist them in finding more affordable ones. The methods include steering people to appropriate social service and community agencies, helping them move out of shelters, and providing funds for rent, mortgage payments, and utilities. For information, contact the Homelessness Information Exchange at (202) 462-7551.
  33. Write to corporations – Some of the largest corporations in America have joined the battle for low-income housing. Through the use of the tax credit or by outright grants, they are participating with federal and state government, not-for-profit and community-based groups to build desperately needed housing in Chicago, Cleveland, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, and dozens of other cities. Contact various organizations and ask them what they are doing.
  34. Contact your government representativesOur legislators rarely receive more than three visits or ten letters about any subject. When the numbers exceed that amount, they sit up and take note. Personal visits are the most potent. Letters are next; telephone calls are third best. Housing issues don’t come up that often, so your public officials will listen.
  35. Push for state homelessness prevention programs – While states routinely supply aid for the poor and homeless, many do not have programs provide funds and other services to those who will lose their homes in the immediate future unless something is done. Homelessness comes at great financial and human cost to the families who are evicted or foreclosed.

 

It was the latest effort by the mayor to address a homelessness crisis that has been building for years and has drawn public attention recently. Even as he has taken steps to reduce homelessness, the mayor has sought to tamp down public sentiment that street homelessness is out of control.

But on Thursday, Police Commissioner William J. Bratton struck a different tone, saying street homelessness “has exploded over the last two years.”

Posted December 12, 2015 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

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HOMELESS MEN SINGING THERE SONG’S   Leave a comment

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www.homelessnessolutions.com

Homeless song-(Original Song by Tom Byrne)-(Incl. Lyrics)

Homeless Boy Sings The Most Beautiful Song in The Talent Show

 

Angel In Disguise – Songs for the Homeless

 

Homeless Veteran PTSD Song – ‘I’m Not Home’ (Official Lyric Video)

 

Acoustic Song For The Homeless – Honest Broken Man – Cold out tonight

 

 

Posted December 12, 2015 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

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THE BEST TEACHING JOB POSTING “EVER”   Leave a comment

 

English Teaching positions (Vietnam)

compensation: to be discussed at interview
employment type: full-time

The details:
The ideal candidate:
1) 25-35 years old, with 20 years of teaching experience.
2) PhD in English Literature (published author with verified sales of over 1,000,000 books also acceptable).
3) Willing to work 140 hours a week for 2 dollars an hour. (Hey, before you get all bent out of shape about being underpaid, remember that you sold all those books and are making a killing off of royalties. . .why are you quibbling over a few bucks here?)
4) Can wrestle a bear and/or crocodile with your bare hands and come out on top without a scratch (we have some really, really, really rowdy kids you have to deal with).

This maybe a joke ,, but read teachers blog’s in Vietnam ,, with an influx of teachers from Thailand for us older teachers with years of experience teaching in Vietnam its getting harder to find jobs in HCMC only in far flung provinces can we find work ,, maybe 8-12$ an hour if you are lucky ,, 30 hours a week ,,120 hours a month for $1000 a month + pay for your own hotel/work permit ,,in some great beach town or in some mountain areas for less money.
Please send your resume and it will be ignored as mine do ,, I waste so much time emailing resumes ,, employers don`t even have the decency to reply to emails as all the adds say now ,,under 45 and Female preferred with 10 years teaching experience ,, a degree in Early Childhood teaching ++++

Posted December 10, 2015 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

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A GREAT “TEACHER” AT ALL TIMES   Leave a comment

CAPTAIN ENGLISH
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LEARN ENGLISH WITH CAPTAIN ENGLISH   Leave a comment

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About TO Speak English Today

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homelessnessolutions.com is an online meeting place for English students and teachers from around the world. We will help link you to personal tutors, conversation partners, or others who want to talk in English.

Our network includes thousands of students, so you can begin practicing right away! It’s free to text and chat with other students and conversation partners. We also provide qualified instructors who are willing to help you practice your English online. You may be required to pay for their help.

 

Posted November 25, 2015 by Teacher Alvin in LEARNING ENGLISH

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